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Harpers%252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252BFerry

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Shenandoah Pulp Mill, Shenandoah Street, Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, WV



See 27 maps of this location


B&W Photos

HB1290606
View West, East Elevation Foundation Remains.

HB1290607
View Southwest, North And East Elevations Of Walls 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6.

HB1290608
View South, North, East Elevations Of Walls 3, 4, 5, 6, Note Openings In Wall 6.

HB1290609
View Northwest, South And East Elevations Of Wall 6 With Openings, Walls 5, 4, 3, 2, 1 In Background.

HB1290610
View West, Flume Between Walls 5 And 6.

HB1290611
View Northeast, Walls 3 And 4 (wall 5 In Background Right).

HB1290612
View Northeast, Walls 4 And 5 With Collapsed Floor Between (wall 3 In Background Left).

HB1290613
View Southeast, North Elevation Of Wall 2, Remains Of Turbine Race With Metal Retaining Plate.

HB1290614
View Northeast, South Elevation Of Wall 3, Remains Of Turbine Race With Retaining Plate Detail.

HB1290615
View Southwest, North Elevation Of Wall 7, Note Gate Pocket In Middle Distance.

HB1290616
View Northeast, North Elevation Of Wall 7, Concrete Section Of Stone Rubble Wall East Of Mill Foundation.

HB1290617
View East, Boilerhouse Foundation Located To The Southwest Of The Mill Foundation.


Data Pages


Drawings


Photo Caption Pages


Item Title


Location
Shenandoah Street, Harpers%252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252BFerry, WV

Find maps of Harpers%252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252BFerry, WV


Created/Published
Documentation compiled after 1968.

Notes
Survey number HAER WV-59
Unprocessed field note material exists for this structure (N212).
Building/structure dates: 1888 initial construction
Building/structure dates: 1936
Significance: The potential for water-powered industry was recognized early in Harpers Ferry's history as illustrated by the establishment of the National Armory in 1798. The Shenandoah Pulp Mill, built in 1887-88 by Thomas Savery, was the last water-powered mill to operate on Virginius Island. Built on the site of the Shenandoah Canal's lower lock, the mill ground wood to pulp for the production of paper. Fiver flumes channeled water over five pairs of turbines which powered the pulp making machinery. Three pairs of the turbines were New American Water Wheels on horizontal shafts, one pair was New American Water Wheels on vertical shafts and one pair was Improved Success Water Wheels on vertical shafts. By the 1920s, the mill was producing 15 tons of wood pulp daily. Mounting losses forced the pulp mill to close after 45 years of of operation in 1935. Most of the structure was swept away in the flood of 1936, leaving only the massive stone piers. The closing of the Shenandoah Pulp Mill marked the end of the water-powered industrial era on Virginius Island. However, the stone foundation remains as an important artifact of hydraulic technology in the development of the Potomac River Valley.

Related Names
Savery, Thomas


Collection
Historic American Engineering Record (Library of Congress)

Contents
Photograph caption(s): 
1. VIEW WEST, EAST ELEVATION FOUNDATION REMAINS.
2. VIEW SOUTHWEST, NORTH AND EAST ELEVATIONS OF WALLS 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6.
3. VIEW SOUTH, NORTH, EAST ELEVATIONS OF WALLS 3, 4, 5, 6, NOTE OPENINGS IN WALL 6.
4. VIEW NORTHWEST, SOUTH AND EAST ELEVATIONS OF WALL 6 WITH OPENINGS, WALLS 5, 4, 3, 2, 1 IN BACKGROUND.
5. VIEW WEST, FLUME BETWEEN WALLS 5 AND 6.
6. VIEW NORTHEAST, WALLS 3 AND 4 (WALL 5 IN BACKGROUND RIGHT).
7. VIEW NORTHEAST, WALLS 4 AND 5 WITH COLLAPSED FLOOR BETWEEN (WALL 3 IN BACKGROUND LEFT).
8. VIEW SOUTHEAST, NORTH ELEVATION OF WALL 2, REMAINS OF TURBINE RACE WITH METAL RETAINING PLATE.
9. VIEW NORTHEAST, SOUTH ELEVATION OF WALL 3, REMAINS OF TURBINE RACE WITH RETAINING PLATE DETAIL.
10. VIEW SOUTHWEST, NORTH ELEVATION OF WALL 7, NOTE GATE POCKET IN MIDDLE DISTANCE.
11. VIEW NORTHEAST, NORTH ELEVATION OF WALL 7, CONCRETE SECTION OF STONE RUBBLE WALL EAST OF MILL FOUNDATION.
12. VIEW EAST, BOILERHOUSE FOUNDATION LOCATED TO THE SOUTHWEST OF THE MILL FOUNDATION.


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