Historic Photographs

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Bethany

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Bethany College, "Old Main" Building, Route 67, Bethany, Brooke County, WV



See 26 maps of this location


B&W Photos

HB1258450
General View From East

HB1258451
General View From Southeast

HB1258452
Detail Of Central Section And Main Entrance From East

HB1258453
Central Section, East Entrance

HB1258454
East (front) From Southeast

HB1258455
Commencement Hall Entrance From Southeast, South End Of Building

HB1258456
Oglebay Hall, North End, View From Southeast

HB1258457
Clock Tower From Southwest

HB1258458
Clock Tower From Southeast

HB1258459
Roof Configuration, Telephoto View From North Connecting Section, Adjacent To Central Section

HB1258460
Staircase To Tower Through Brick Arch

HB1258461
Arcaded Porch, Main Floor, Long View To North

HB1258462
Arcaded Porch, Main Floor, Short View To North

HB1258463
Staircase, First Floor, Central Section, Base Of Tower

HB1258464
Staircase, Basement, South Connecting Section

HB1258465
Second-floor Room In Central Section, Looking Southeast

HB1258466
Detail, Oriel Window

HB1258467
Second-floor Room In Central Section, Southwest Corner

HB1258468
Leaded Glass Windows In Oglebay Hall Laboratory, North End Of Building, Second Floor

HB1258469
Leaded Glass Windows, Laboratory In Oglebay Hall

HB1258470
Ground-floor Doorways, Commencement Hall

HB1258471
General View Of Commencement Hall, Looking West


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Item Title


Location
Route 67, Bethany, WV

Find maps of Bethany, WV


Created/Published
Documentation compiled after 1933.

Notes
Survey number HABS WV-118
Unprocessed field note material exists for this structure (FN-33).
Building/structure dates: 1865 initial construction
National Register Number: 70000652
Significance: "Old Main" at Bethany College is an outstanding example of a single building designed to accommodate the entire range of college functions and to stand as an imposing piece of architecture on its hilltop site - when seen from the road below or from one of the other hills around this small West Virginia town. "Old Main" is noteworthy among the few surviving American college buildings from the decades before the Civil War as one of the largest and the most accomplished of those employing a Gothic style. Its construction is predominantly of plain red brick, with only a limited amount of explicitly Gothic detailing in the stonework of the doorways, windows, finials, and capstones. The design for "Old Main" shows the adaptation of the Gothic style from a type of construction relying on elaborately carved and fitted stone masonry to one relying on the massing of building blocks with relatively austere surfaces of brick - the material most readily available to this Ohio Valley college, confidently rebuilding in 1858. For similar successful adaptations of Gothic design to brick construction, one must otherwise look to the pre-Civil War churches of the mid-Atlantic states and the Ohio and Mississippi Valleys.

Related Names
Walter & Wilson


Collection
Historic American Buildings Survey (Library of Congress)

Contents
Photograph caption(s): 
1. GENERAL VIEW FROM EAST
2. GENERAL VIEW FROM SOUTHEAST
3. DETAIL OF CENTRAL SECTION AND MAIN ENTRANCE FROM EAST
4. CENTRAL SECTION, EAST ENTRANCE
5. EAST (FRONT) FROM SOUTHEAST
6. COMMENCEMENT HALL ENTRANCE FROM SOUTHEAST, SOUTH END OF BUILDING
7. OGLEBAY HALL, NORTH END, VIEW FROM SOUTHEAST
8. CLOCK TOWER FROM SOUTHWEST
9. CLOCK TOWER FROM SOUTHEAST
10. ROOF CONFIGURATION, TELEPHOTO VIEW FROM NORTH CONNECTING SECTION, ADJACENT TO CENTRAL SECTION
11. STAIRCASE TO TOWER THROUGH BRICK ARCH
12. ARCADED PORCH, MAIN FLOOR, LONG VIEW TO NORTH
13. ARCADED PORCH, MAIN FLOOR, SHORT VIEW TO NORTH
14. STAIRCASE, FIRST FLOOR, CENTRAL SECTION, BASE OF TOWER
15. STAIRCASE, BASEMENT, SOUTH CONNECTING SECTION
16. SECOND-FLOOR ROOM IN CENTRAL SECTION, LOOKING SOUTHEAST
17. DETAIL, ORIEL WINDOW
18. SECOND-FLOOR ROOM IN CENTRAL SECTION, SOUTHWEST CORNER
19. LEADED GLASS WINDOWS IN OGLEBAY HALL LABORATORY, NORTH END OF BUILDING, SECOND FLOOR
20. LEADED GLASS WINDOWS, LABORATORY IN OGLEBAY HALL
21. GROUND-FLOOR DOORWAYS, COMMENCEMENT HALL
22. GENERAL VIEW OF COMMENCEMENT HALL, LOOKING WEST


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