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Virginia

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Richmond

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Virginia State Capitol, Bank and 10th Streets, Capitol Square, Richmond, Independent City, VA



See 30 maps of this location


B&W Photos

HB1182954
Front Aerial View, Looking Northeast

HB1182955
Southwest Facade, Main Block With Approaching Steps

HB1182956
Southwest Facade, Main Block With Approaching Steps

HB1182957
Southwest Facade, Main Block With Approaching Steps

HB1182958
Southwest Facade, Looking East With Lawn

HB1182959
Southwest Facade, Main Block And Senate Wing, Looking North

HB1182960
Southwest Facade, Main Block, Looking Northwest

HB1182961
Southwest Facade, Main Block, Side View, Looking West

HB1182962
Southwest Facade Of Senate Wing, From Portico Of Main Block Looking Northwest

HB1182963
Southwest Facade Of Senate Wing, From Portico Of Main Block Looking Northeast

HB1182964
Southwest Facade Of Senate Wing, From Portico Of Main Block Looking Northeast

HB1182965
Front Facade Of Senate Wing, Southwest Facade

HB1182966
Front Facade Of Senate Wing, Southwest Facade, With Pole

HB1182967
Front Facade Of Senate Wing, Looking East, Southwest Facade

HB1182968
Southwest Facade, Main Block, Interior Of Portico, Looking West Into Sun

HB1182969
Southeast Facade, House Wing With Approaching Steps

HB1182970
Northeast Facade, House Wing And Main Block, Looking West

HB1182971
Front Facade Of Senate Wing, Southwest Facade, With Pole

HB1182972
Northeast Facade, Main Block

HB1182973
Northeast Facade, Main Block, With Pole

HB1182974
Northeast Facade, East Portion Of Main Block

HB1182975
East Corner Of Main Block, Looking West, Northeast Facade

HB1182976
Northeast Facade, Main Block And House Wing, Looking South

HB1182977
Rear Facade Of Senate Wing, Northeast Facade

HB1182978
Rear Facade Of Senate Wing, Northeast Facade, With Pole

HB1182979
Northeast Facade, Main Block And Senate Wing, Looking Southeast

HB1182980
Northwest Facade Of Senate Wing (with Pole

HB1182981
Northwest Facade Of Senate Wing

HB1182982
Southwest Facade, Main Block, West Side View, Looking East

HB1182983
Southwest Facade, Main Block, West Side View, Looking East, With Pole

HB1182984
Perspective, Senate Wing And Southwest Facade Of Main Block, Looking East With Brick Terraced Steps And Benches In Foreground

HB1182985
Perspective, Senate Wing And Southwest Facade Of Main Block, With Lawn In Foreground

HB1182986
Front Door, Main Block, Portico, Southwest Facade

HB1182987
Partial Elevation, Senate Wing, Northeast Facade, Looking South

HB1182988
Partial Elevation, Senate Wing, Northeast Facade

HB1182989
Lamppost On Steps Of South Corner Facade, Main Block

HB1182990
First Floor, Entrance Hall, Looking Northeast To Rotunda

HB1182991
First Floor, Entrance Hall, Looking Northeast To Rotunda

HB1182992
First Floor, Entrance Hall, Looking Northeast To Rotunda

HB1182993
Rotunda, Houdon Statue Of George Washington, Looking Northeast

HB1182994
Rotunda, Side View Of Houdon Statue Of George Washington, Looking Northwest

HB1182995
Rotunda, Looking South Into Entrance Hall, L'enfant And Jefferson Busts In Background

HB1182996
Marble Floor Detail With Fossil Inclusions

HB1182997
Second Floor Rotunda Balcony And Dome, Looking East

HB1182998
Second Floor Rotunda Balcony, Looking Southeast

HB1182999
Second Floor Rotunda Balcony, Looking Southeast

HB1183000
Second Floor Rotunda Balcony, Railing Detail

HB1183001
Second Floor Rotunda Balcony, Railing Detail

HB1183002
Rotunda Ceiling

HB1183003
Attic, Exterior Dome Of Rotunda Ceiling, Looking Northwest

HB1183004
Old House Of Delegates Chamber, Looking East

HB1183005
Old House Of Delegates Chamber, Looking West

HB1183006
Old House Of Delegates Chamber, Detail Of Southeast Balcony Stair

HB1183007
Old House Of Delegates Chamber, Cornice Detail, Looking West From Southeast Balcony

HB1183008
Senate Chamber, Looking Northwest

HB1183009
Senate Chamber, Looking West

HB1183010
Lieutenant Governor's Doorway, Senate Chamber

HB1183011
House Chamber, Looking East

HB1183012
House Chamber, Looking West

HB1183013
House Chamber, Cornice Detail

HB1183014
Landscape View, Southwest Facade And Approaching Steps, Looking Northeast

HB1183015
Landscape View, Southwest Facade Looking North

HB1183016
Landscape View, Southwest Facade, Looking West, East Fountain And Pond In Foreground

HB1183017
West Fountain, West Corner Capitol Square, Looking West

HB1183018
Landscape View, West Fountain, Looking Southeast

HB1183019
Landscape View, Brick Path And West Fountain, Looking Southeast

HB1183020
Landscape View, Brick Path And West Fountain In Background, Looking Northwest

HB1183021
West Fountain, Looking East

HB1183022
Landscape View, Brick Path And Lamppost, West Side Of Capitol Square, Looking Southwest

HB1183023
Brick Path With Benches, Looking Northwest Towards Statue Of George Washington

HB1183024
Northeast Facade And Perspective Of Hunter Holmes Mcguire Statue, Looking West

HB1183025
William Smith Statue, Looking North

HB1183026
Edgar Allan Poe Statue, Looking Southwest, With Bell Tower (habs No


Data Pages


Item Title


Location
Capitol Square, Richmond, VA

Find maps of Richmond, VA


Created/Published
Documentation compiled after 1933.

Notes
Survey number HABS VA-1254
Unprocessed field note material exists for this structure (FN-358, FN-359, FN-360, FN-361, FN-362, FN-367).
Building/structure dates: 1785 initial construction
Building/structure dates: 1870 subsequent work
Building/structure dates: 1904 subsequent work
Building/structure dates: 1964 subsequent work
Significance: The Virginia State Capitol, conceived in 1785, is the second oldest working capitol in the United States. Designed by Thomas Jefferson while he was in France, the building was modelled after a Roman temple, the Maison Carree. While Jefferson did not directly copy the Maison Carree, but modified it to accommodate modern necessities, he did respect the general temple form and introduced the Classical Revival style into America. A half a century after the erection of the building, the General Assembly commissioned Maximilian Godefroy to develop a landscaping plan that would supply an appropriate setting for the public building. The formal French layout that resulted was drastically transformed in 1850 by John Notman who turned Capitol Square into the first picturesque park in America. The Capitol building remained intact until the Capitol disaster of 1870 in which a structural failure caused the destruction of the north end of the building. Following the catastrophe, the building was restored only to be completely gutted, renovated and enlarged with the addition of 1902-04. This addition, designed collaboratively by the architecture firms of Noland and Baskervill, Frye and Chesterman, and Peebles, consisted of the addition of front stairs and two wings with connecting hyphens, to house the Senate chamber and the hall of the House of Delegates. 1964 saw a total restoration of the Capitol and a widening of the hyphens to accommodate stairs on the interior of the building and to supply more office space on both the basement and fourth floor levels. Since then no major changes have occurred.

Subjects
Capitols
State Government


Related Names
Jefferson, Thomas
Noland & Baskervill
Frey & Chesterman
Peebles


Collection
Historic American Buildings Survey (Library of Congress)

Contents
Photograph caption(s): 
1. FRONT AERIAL VIEW, LOOKING NORTHEAST
2. SOUTHWEST FACADE, MAIN BLOCK WITH APPROACHING STEPS
3. SOUTHWEST FACADE, MAIN BLOCK WITH APPROACHING STEPS
4. SOUTHWEST FACADE, MAIN BLOCK WITH APPROACHING STEPS
5. SOUTHWEST FACADE, LOOKING EAST WITH LAWN
6. SOUTHWEST FACADE, MAIN BLOCK AND SENATE WING, LOOKING NORTH
7. SOUTHWEST FACADE, MAIN BLOCK, LOOKING NORTHWEST
8. SOUTHWEST FACADE, MAIN BLOCK, SIDE VIEW, LOOKING WEST
9. SOUTHWEST FACADE OF SENATE WING, FROM PORTICO OF MAIN BLOCK LOOKING NORTHWEST
10. SOUTHWEST FACADE OF SENATE WING, FROM PORTICO OF MAIN BLOCK LOOKING NORTHEAST
11. SOUTHWEST FACADE OF SENATE WING, FROM PORTICO OF MAIN BLOCK LOOKING NORTHEAST
12. FRONT FACADE OF SENATE WING, SOUTHWEST FACADE
13. FRONT FACADE OF SENATE WING, SOUTHWEST FACADE, WITH POLE
14. FRONT FACADE OF SENATE WING, LOOKING EAST, SOUTHWEST FACADE
15. SOUTHWEST FACADE, MAIN BLOCK, INTERIOR OF PORTICO, LOOKING WEST INTO SUN
16. SOUTHEAST FACADE, HOUSE WING WITH APPROACHING STEPS
17. NORTHEAST FACADE, HOUSE WING AND MAIN BLOCK, LOOKING WEST
18. FRONT FACADE OF SENATE WING, SOUTHWEST FACADE, WITH POLE
19. NORTHEAST FACADE, MAIN BLOCK
20. NORTHEAST FACADE, MAIN BLOCK, WITH POLE
21. NORTHEAST FACADE, EAST PORTION OF MAIN BLOCK
22. EAST CORNER OF MAIN BLOCK, LOOKING WEST, NORTHEAST FACADE
23. NORTHEAST FACADE, MAIN BLOCK AND HOUSE WING, LOOKING SOUTH
24. REAR FACADE OF SENATE WING, NORTHEAST FACADE
25. REAR FACADE OF SENATE WING, NORTHEAST FACADE, WITH POLE
26. NORTHEAST FACADE, MAIN BLOCK AND SENATE WING, LOOKING SOUTHEAST
27. NORTHWEST FACADE OF SENATE WING (WITH POLE
28. NORTHWEST FACADE OF SENATE WING
29. SOUTHWEST FACADE, MAIN BLOCK, WEST SIDE VIEW, LOOKING EAST
30. SOUTHWEST FACADE, MAIN BLOCK, WEST SIDE VIEW, LOOKING EAST, WITH POLE
31. PERSPECTIVE, SENATE WING AND SOUTHWEST FACADE OF MAIN BLOCK, LOOKING EAST WITH BRICK TERRACED STEPS AND BENCHES IN FOREGROUND
32. PERSPECTIVE, SENATE WING AND SOUTHWEST FACADE OF MAIN BLOCK, WITH LAWN IN FOREGROUND
33. FRONT DOOR, MAIN BLOCK, PORTICO, SOUTHWEST FACADE
34. PARTIAL ELEVATION, SENATE WING, NORTHEAST FACADE, LOOKING SOUTH
35. PARTIAL ELEVATION, SENATE WING, NORTHEAST FACADE
36. LAMPPOST ON STEPS OF SOUTH CORNER FACADE, MAIN BLOCK
37. FIRST FLOOR, ENTRANCE HALL, LOOKING NORTHEAST TO ROTUNDA
38. FIRST FLOOR, ENTRANCE HALL, LOOKING NORTHEAST TO ROTUNDA
39. FIRST FLOOR, ENTRANCE HALL, LOOKING NORTHEAST TO ROTUNDA
40. ROTUNDA, HOUDON STATUE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON, LOOKING NORTHEAST
41. ROTUNDA, SIDE VIEW OF HOUDON STATUE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON, LOOKING NORTHWEST
42. ROTUNDA, LOOKING SOUTH INTO ENTRANCE HALL, L'ENFANT AND JEFFERSON BUSTS IN BACKGROUND
43. MARBLE FLOOR DETAIL WITH FOSSIL INCLUSIONS
44. SECOND FLOOR ROTUNDA BALCONY AND DOME, LOOKING EAST
45. SECOND FLOOR ROTUNDA BALCONY, LOOKING SOUTHEAST
46. SECOND FLOOR ROTUNDA BALCONY, LOOKING SOUTHEAST
47. SECOND FLOOR ROTUNDA BALCONY, RAILING DETAIL
48. SECOND FLOOR ROTUNDA BALCONY, RAILING DETAIL
49. ROTUNDA CEILING
50. ATTIC, EXTERIOR DOME OF ROTUNDA CEILING, LOOKING NORTHWEST
51. OLD HOUSE OF DELEGATES CHAMBER, LOOKING EAST
52. OLD HOUSE OF DELEGATES CHAMBER, LOOKING WEST
53. OLD HOUSE OF DELEGATES CHAMBER, DETAIL OF SOUTHEAST BALCONY STAIR
54. OLD HOUSE OF DELEGATES CHAMBER, CORNICE DETAIL, LOOKING WEST FROM SOUTHEAST BALCONY
55. SENATE CHAMBER, LOOKING NORTHWEST
56. SENATE CHAMBER, LOOKING WEST
57. LIEUTENANT GOVERNOR'S DOORWAY, SENATE CHAMBER
58. HOUSE CHAMBER, LOOKING EAST
59. HOUSE CHAMBER, LOOKING WEST
60. HOUSE CHAMBER, CORNICE DETAIL
61. LANDSCAPE VIEW, SOUTHWEST FACADE AND APPROACHING STEPS, LOOKING NORTHEAST
62. LANDSCAPE VIEW, SOUTHWEST FACADE LOOKING NORTH
63. LANDSCAPE VIEW, SOUTHWEST FACADE, LOOKING WEST, EAST FOUNTAIN AND POND IN FOREGROUND
64. WEST FOUNTAIN, WEST CORNER CAPITOL SQUARE, LOOKING WEST
65. LANDSCAPE VIEW, WEST FOUNTAIN, LOOKING SOUTHEAST
66. LANDSCAPE VIEW, BRICK PATH AND WEST FOUNTAIN, LOOKING SOUTHEAST
67. LANDSCAPE VIEW, BRICK PATH AND WEST FOUNTAIN IN BACKGROUND, LOOKING NORTHWEST
68. WEST FOUNTAIN, LOOKING EAST
69. LANDSCAPE VIEW, BRICK PATH AND LAMPPOST, WEST SIDE OF CAPITOL SQUARE, LOOKING SOUTHWEST
70. BRICK PATH WITH BENCHES, LOOKING NORTHWEST TOWARDS STATUE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON
71. NORTHEAST FACADE AND PERSPECTIVE OF HUNTER HOLMES MCGUIRE STATUE, LOOKING WEST
72. WILLIAM SMITH STATUE, LOOKING NORTH
73. EDGAR ALLAN POE STATUE, LOOKING SOUTHWEST, WITH BELL TOWER (HABS NO. VA-116) IN BACKGROUND
74. [no caption]
Exterior view looking to the southwest (front) elevation; note excavation work in foreground
Exterior view of southwest front looking from Bank Street to show excavation for the underground facility (to be under the lawn when complete)
View from the window in room 322 looking to the Governor's Mansion
Closer view looking from the window in room 322 to the Governor's Mansion
Ground floor, view of hall (G04) floor, note fossils, with scale
Ground floor, view of snack bar (G15) looking from the south corner
Ground floor, view in room G15 of the fireplace and mantel in the northwest wall, with scale
Ground floor, general view in the House Records Room (G19) looking to the south
Ground floor, detail view to show moisture damaged pier faces in room G19, looking from the north
Ground floor, detail view of moisture damaged piers in room G19
Ground floor, view in cellar of Senate room fireplace and mantel
Ground floor, view of House Bill room (G20) looking toward the window and showing piers, vaulting
Ground floor, view from inner door looking from room G20 to room G19
Ground floor, view looking into the electrical control room (G06)
East staircase (EG06), general view of the dual stair looking from the northwest
East staircase, detail view
Staircase
Entrance Hall (Room 102)
Entrance Hall (Room 102)
View of the rotunda looking from the northwest; note archival custom case
View of the rotunda looking from the north corner
First floor, general view of hall crossing, including the seal, looking from the northeast
First floor, detail view of the seal
First floor, detail view of the seal, with scale
View in Senate Chamber, looking from the north
Senate Chamber, elevation view of the west wall
Senate Chamber, elevation view of the west wall, with scale
View of the Senate Dias, looking from the southeast
Detail view of the Senate Dias to show woodwork
General view in the Old Chamber of the House of Delegates
View of stair in the north corner room (106)
View looking down hall to the Chamber of the House of Delegates
View looking from the doorway by rooms 106 and 107 to the doors of the House of Delegates
Detail view in hall, Ladies Room door
View in the east/west hall, looking from the west
View in south hall, looking from the northwest
First floor, view looking southwest to northeast
First floor, view looking southwest to northeast
First floor, view looking northeast to southwest
First floor, view looking northeast to southwest
Third floor, general view of east elevator and stair looking from the southwest
Third floor, detail view of east elevator door and surround, with scale
Third floor, detail view of wrought iron railing
Third floor, view looking from the east elevator space to the rotunda
Third floor, view of the rotunda looking across the atrium from east to west
Third floor, view of the rotunda looking from the south corner of the atrium
Third floor, view of the rotunda looking from the north across the atrium in the direction of the "Governor's Office" entrance
Third floor, view looking from the east corner to show the rotunda and atrium
Third floor, general view of the Governor's conference room looking from the northeast
Third floor, view of the Governor's conference room, looking from the northeast
Detail view, door knob
Third floor, room 307, elevation view of free-standing, broken pediment, looking from northeast to southwest
Third floor, room 307, perspective view of free-standing, broken pediment and reception desk
Third floor, room 307, detail view of the pediment and brackets over the northeast door
Third floor, room 307, detail view of the pediment and brackets over the northeast door, with scale
Third floor, view in the Governor's Office to show fireplace, looking to the northeast generally
Third floor, view in the Governor's Office to fireplace
Third floor, Governor's Office, detail view of window desk
Fourth floor, view from space 402, detail view of stair lamp fixture and end of balustrade rail
Fourth floor, view looking from the reception cube (402A) to elevator and stair (note radio controlled temperature and humidity device and the water fountain)
Fourth floor, view looking from the reception cube (402A) to the elevator and stair (elevator doors open)
Fourth floor, detail view of elevator to show passenger control panel
Fourth floor, room 402, view looking from the northeast to the southwest
Fourth floor, view looking from room 403 to rooms 409 and 410 (southeast to northwest)
Fourth floor, view looking from the passageway by rooms 403 and 409, and into 409 and 410, from the southeast
Fourth floor, view looking into room 410 from the southeast
Fourth floor, Clerk of the House of Delegates (405), view looking from the west
Fourth floor, view looking into a conference room (407), looking from the northwest
Fourth floor, view looking into room 411 from the southeast
View looking into the press room from the hall
General view of the press room for newspapers, looking in from the hall
Press Room, detail view looking into the booth (Broadcast is left, control is right) for radio stations
Fourth floor, northeast room, general view looking from the southeast
Fourth floor, northeast room, general view looking from the southeast (wide angle view)
Fourth floor, northeast room, perspective view looking from the south corner
Fourth floor, view of telephone junction and circuit breakers in the hall outside of the House Committee Room 5, with scale
Fourth floor, view of the Old House Appropriation Room (418), looking from the west
Fourth floor, view of the Old House Appropriation Room (418), looking from the east
Fourth floor, detail view of the Old House Appropriation Room (418), projection screen
Fourth floor, detail view of the Old House Appropriation Room (418), cornice and door surround, with scale
View of the telephone control room, looking from the east
Southwest facade, main block, looking northwest (duplicate of HABS VA-1254-8
Southwest facade, main block, interior of portico looking west into the sun (duplicate of HABS VA-1254-16)
Aerial view looking northeast (duplicate of HABS No. VA-1254-2)
Southwest facade, main block and steps (duplicate of HABS No. VA-1242-5)
Southwest facade, looking east (duplicate of HABS No. VA-1254-6)
Southwest facade, main block (duplicate of HABS No. VA-1254-8)
Southwest facade, Senate wing (duplicate of HABS No. VA-1254-10)
Detail view, lamppost on the steps of south corner (duplicate of HABS No. VA-1254-37)
Landscape view (duplicate of HABS No. VA-1254-62)
Landscape view, looking north (duplicate of HABS No. VA-1254-63)
Landscape view, looking west with fountain and pond in foreground (duplicate of HABS No. va-1254-64)
West fountain, west corner of Capitol Square, view looking west (duplicate of HABS No. VA-1254-65)


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