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Richmond

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Monumental Church, 1224 East Broad Street, Richmond, Independent City, VA



See 27 maps of this location


B&W Photos

HB1181209
General View Of Southwest, Street Elevation From Roof Of Neighboring Building, Looking North

HB1181210
General Perspective View, Looking East

HB1181211
Front Southwest Portico, Looking East

HB1181212
Front Southwest Portico, Looking Northeast

HB1181213
Front Southwest Portico, Looking Northeast, With Scale

HB1181214
Front Southwest Portico, Looking East

HB1181215
Front Southwest Portico, Looking North

HB1181216
Southeast Side Elevation Of Front Southwest Portico, Looking Northwest

HB1181217
Southeast Side Elevation Of Front Southwest Portico, Looking Northwest, With Scale

HB1181218
Elevation Of Northwest Side Of Southwest Front Portico Showing A Perspective View Of The West Facade Section

HB1181219
Perspective View, Looking East, Showing Detailed Area Of Northwest Side Of The Southwest Front Portico

HB1181220
Front Southwest Portico, Looking Northeast, Close Range Elevation

HB1181221
Monument With Urn, Looking Northeast

HB1181222
Memorial Monument In Center Southwest Front Portico, From Southeast

HB1181223
Memorial Monument In Center Southwest Front Portico, From Northwest

HB1181224
Southwest Front, Entryway, Looking North

HB1181225
Detail, Perspective View From Southwest Front Entrance, Looking North

HB1181226
Front Southwest And Southeast Side Of Portico, Looking Northeast

HB1181227
Front Southwest Portico, South End, Looking North

HB1181228
Detail Telephoto Of Voew Of Column Capital, Southwest Portico, South Side, Southwest Front

HB1181229
Acroterion, West Corner Of Southwest Front Portico, Shows Cornice

HB1181230
Lachrymatory, Symbolic/ornamental On Frieze Of Southwest Front Portico

HB1181231
Front Southwest Facade, Western Side Showing Fenestration

HB1181232
South Side Elevation, Showing Fenestration, Looking Northwest

HB1181233
Southeast Elevation, Lookking Northwest

HB1181234
North Rear Of Northwest Side, Window Detail, Arched Inset And Lunette

HB1181235
Perspective View Of Northwest And North Facades Showing Northwest Portico In Backround

HB1181236
Northwest Side Entryway, Looking Northeast

HB1181237
Northwest Side Elevation, Entryway, Looking East

HB1181238
From North Of The Northeast Rear Tower/spire Base (tower Never Built)

HB1181239
Southeast Side Elevation, Entryway, Columns, Looking East (note Egytpianesque Building In Backround)

HB1181240
Southeast Side Elevation, Entryway, Looking Southwest

HB1181241
Detail Of Interior Of Southeast Portico Lunette

HB1181242
Dome Clerestory, Looking Southwest

HB1181243
Interior, Northeast Wall, Altar, Looking Northeast

HB1181244
Interior, Northeast Wall, Altar, Looking Northeast, With Scale

HB1181245
Interior, Northeast Wall, Altar, Looking Northeast, Detail

HB1181246
Interior, Northeast Wall, Altar, Looking Northeast, With Scale

HB1181247
View Of Column And Capital Flanking Main Alter, Southeast Side

HB1181248
Detail Of Column Capital, Southeast Side Of Main Alter

HB1181249
Interior, Southwest Front Entry, Pews And Gallery, Looking Southwest

HB1181250
Interior Detail, North Wall, Gallery And Stained Glass Window, Looking North

HB1181251
Interior Detail, North Wall, Gallery And Stained Glass Window, Looking North With Scale

HB1181252
Interior, East Wall, Window And Gallery, Looking East

HB1181253
Detail Of Balcony Window, East Wall From West Interior

HB1181254
Interior, Northwest Wall, Doorway Elevation

HB1181255
Interior, Northwest Stairhall At First Floor, Looking Northeast

HB1181256
Interior, Northwest Stairhall, Looking Southwest

HB1181257
Interior, Nave, Dome Clerestory, Looking Southwest (w/ Flash Fill)

HB1181258
Interior, Nave, Dome Clerestory, Looking Southwest (w/o Flash Fill)

HB1181259
Southwest Portico, Ceiling Medallion (not Square)

HB1181260
View In Northeast Rear Room, Ground Level, Of Window, Safe And Some Wainscoating; Northeast Wall, Looking Northeast

HB1181261
Interior, Basement Arches For Structural Support, Looking Northeast

HB1181262
Interior, Basement Arches For Structural Support, Looking Northwest

HB1181263
Interior, Half Of Full Circular Opening And Adjacent Window (to North), At North End Of Northwest Side, Third Level

HB1181264
Third Floorr, Northeast Rear, Detail Of Brick Construction Of Apse Ceiling, Northwest Room, Looking South

HB1181265
Third Floor, Northeast Rear, Detail Of Brick Construction Of Apse Ceiling, Northeast Center Room, Looking Southwest


Data Pages


Drawings


Photo Caption Pages


Item Title


Location
1224 East Broad Street, Richmond, VA

Find maps of Richmond, VA


Created/Published
Documentation compiled after 1933.

Notes
Survey number HABS VA-1241
Unprocessed field note material exists for this structure (FN-353).
Building/structure dates: 1812 initial construction
Building/structure dates: 1845 subsequent work
Building/structure dates: 1870 subsequent work
Building/structure dates: 1879 subsequent work
Building/structure dates: 1894 subsequent work
Building/structure dates: 1899 subsequent work
National Register Number: 69000326
Significance: Monumental Church (1812-14) was designed by architect Robert Mills to commemorate the deaths of seventy-two persons, including Virginia Governor George William Smith, who perished in an 1811 fire that destroyed a theater on the site. Conceived as both an active church and commemorative monument, its dual role is expressed by a stone memorial portico and adjoining octagonal church. As an early example of Greek Revival styling, Monumental Church is derived from the work and ideas of numerous renowned designers, especially Benjamin H. Latrobe. Mills, however, an American-trained architect who explored progressive concepts such as fireproof-construction techniques, is credited with synthesizing contemporary architectural trends into buildings that have become identified with the Federal era. Although Monumental Church was altered and enlarged during the late nineteenth century, subsequent rehabilitations have restored its original appearance.

Related Names
Mills, Robert
Upjohn, Richard
Marshal, John
Allan, John


Collection
Historic American Buildings Survey (Library of Congress)

Contents
Photograph caption(s): 
1. GENERAL VIEW OF SOUTHWEST, STREET ELEVATION FROM ROOF OF NEIGHBORING BUILDING, LOOKING NORTH
2. GENERAL PERSPECTIVE VIEW, LOOKING EAST
3. FRONT SOUTHWEST PORTICO, LOOKING EAST
4. FRONT SOUTHWEST PORTICO, LOOKING NORTHEAST
5. FRONT SOUTHWEST PORTICO, LOOKING NORTHEAST, WITH SCALE
6. FRONT SOUTHWEST PORTICO, LOOKING EAST
7. FRONT SOUTHWEST PORTICO, LOOKING NORTH
8. SOUTHEAST SIDE ELEVATION OF FRONT SOUTHWEST PORTICO, LOOKING NORTHWEST
9. SOUTHEAST SIDE ELEVATION OF FRONT SOUTHWEST PORTICO, LOOKING NORTHWEST, WITH SCALE
10. ELEVATION OF NORTHWEST SIDE OF SOUTHWEST FRONT PORTICO SHOWING A PERSPECTIVE VIEW OF THE WEST FACADE SECTION
11. PERSPECTIVE VIEW, LOOKING EAST, SHOWING DETAILED AREA OF NORTHWEST SIDE OF THE SOUTHWEST FRONT PORTICO. SHOWS DATE STONE ABOVE MAIN DOOR
12. FRONT SOUTHWEST PORTICO, LOOKING NORTHEAST, CLOSE RANGE ELEVATION
13. MONUMENT WITH URN, LOOKING NORTHEAST
14. MEMORIAL MONUMENT IN CENTER SOUTHWEST FRONT PORTICO, FROM SOUTHEAST
15. MEMORIAL MONUMENT IN CENTER SOUTHWEST FRONT PORTICO, FROM NORTHWEST
16. SOUTHWEST FRONT, ENTRYWAY, LOOKING NORTH
17. DETAIL, PERSPECTIVE VIEW FROM SOUTHWEST FRONT ENTRANCE, LOOKING NORTH
18. FRONT SOUTHWEST AND SOUTHEAST SIDE OF PORTICO, LOOKING NORTHEAST
19. FRONT SOUTHWEST PORTICO, SOUTH END, LOOKING NORTH
20. DETAIL TELEPHOTO OF VOEW OF COLUMN CAPITAL, SOUTHWEST PORTICO, SOUTH SIDE, SOUTHWEST FRONT
21. ACROTERION, WEST CORNER OF SOUTHWEST FRONT PORTICO, SHOWS CORNICE
22. LACHRYMATORY, SYMBOLIC/ORNAMENTAL ON FRIEZE OF SOUTHWEST FRONT PORTICO. EXAMPLE SHOWN ON NORTHWEST END OF SOUTHWEST FRONT
23. FRONT SOUTHWEST FACADE, WESTERN SIDE SHOWING FENESTRATION
24. SOUTH SIDE ELEVATION, SHOWING FENESTRATION, LOOKING NORTHWEST
25. SOUTHEAST ELEVATION, LOOKKING NORTHWEST
26. NORTH REAR OF NORTHWEST SIDE, WINDOW DETAIL, ARCHED INSET AND LUNETTE
27. PERSPECTIVE VIEW OF NORTHWEST AND NORTH FACADES SHOWING NORTHWEST PORTICO IN BACKROUND
28. NORTHWEST SIDE ENTRYWAY, LOOKING NORTHEAST
29. NORTHWEST SIDE ELEVATION, ENTRYWAY, LOOKING EAST
30. FROM NORTH OF THE NORTHEAST REAR TOWER/SPIRE BASE (TOWER NEVER BUILT)
31. SOUTHEAST SIDE ELEVATION, ENTRYWAY, COLUMNS, LOOKING EAST (NOTE EGYTPIANESQUE BUILDING IN BACKROUND)
32. SOUTHEAST SIDE ELEVATION, ENTRYWAY, LOOKING SOUTHWEST
33. DETAIL OF INTERIOR OF SOUTHEAST PORTICO LUNETTE
34. DOME CLERESTORY, LOOKING SOUTHWEST
35. INTERIOR, NORTHEAST WALL, ALTAR, LOOKING NORTHEAST
36. INTERIOR, NORTHEAST WALL, ALTAR, LOOKING NORTHEAST, WITH SCALE
37. INTERIOR, NORTHEAST WALL, ALTAR, LOOKING NORTHEAST, DETAIL
38. INTERIOR, NORTHEAST WALL, ALTAR, LOOKING NORTHEAST, WITH SCALE
39. VIEW OF COLUMN AND CAPITAL FLANKING MAIN ALTER, SOUTHEAST SIDE
40. DETAIL OF COLUMN CAPITAL, SOUTHEAST SIDE OF MAIN ALTER
41. INTERIOR, SOUTHWEST FRONT ENTRY, PEWS AND GALLERY, LOOKING SOUTHWEST
42. INTERIOR DETAIL, NORTH WALL, GALLERY AND STAINED GLASS WINDOW, LOOKING NORTH
43. INTERIOR DETAIL, NORTH WALL, GALLERY AND STAINED GLASS WINDOW, LOOKING NORTH WITH SCALE
44. INTERIOR, EAST WALL, WINDOW AND GALLERY, LOOKING EAST
45. DETAIL OF BALCONY WINDOW, EAST WALL FROM WEST INTERIOR
46. INTERIOR, NORTHWEST WALL, DOORWAY ELEVATION
47. INTERIOR, NORTHWEST STAIRHALL AT FIRST FLOOR, LOOKING NORTHEAST
48. INTERIOR, NORTHWEST STAIRHALL, LOOKING SOUTHWEST
49. INTERIOR, NAVE, DOME CLERESTORY, LOOKING SOUTHWEST (W/ FLASH FILL)
50. INTERIOR, NAVE, DOME CLERESTORY, LOOKING SOUTHWEST (W/O FLASH FILL)
51. SOUTHWEST PORTICO, CEILING MEDALLION (NOT SQUARE)
52. VIEW IN NORTHEAST REAR ROOM, GROUND LEVEL, OF WINDOW, SAFE AND SOME WAINSCOATING; NORTHEAST WALL, LOOKING NORTHEAST
53. INTERIOR, BASEMENT ARCHES FOR STRUCTURAL SUPPORT, LOOKING NORTHEAST
54. INTERIOR, BASEMENT ARCHES FOR STRUCTURAL SUPPORT, LOOKING NORTHWEST
55. INTERIOR, HALF OF FULL CIRCULAR OPENING AND ADJACENT WINDOW (TO NORTH), AT NORTH END OF NORTHWEST SIDE, THIRD LEVEL
56. THIRD FLOORR, NORTHEAST REAR, DETAIL OF BRICK CONSTRUCTION OF APSE CEILING, NORTHWEST ROOM, LOOKING SOUTH
57. THIRD FLOOR, NORTHEAST REAR, DETAIL OF BRICK CONSTRUCTION OF APSE CEILING, NORTHEAST CENTER ROOM, LOOKING SOUTHWEST
View looking to the southwest street elevation (duplicate of HABS No. VA-1241-1)
Southwest portico (duplicate of HABS No. VA-1241-3)
Southwest portico, view looking east (duplicate of HABS No. VA-1241-6)
Southwest portico, view looking north (duplicate of HABS No. VA-1241-7)
Southwest portico, view looking to south end (duplicate of HABS No. VA-1241-19)
Detail view of roof to show dome clerestory (duplicate of HABS No. VA-1241-34)


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