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Richmond

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Manchester Cotton & Woolen Manufacturing Company, Southern Bank of James River at Mayo Bridge, Richmond, Independent City, VA



B&W Photos

HB1181066
North Elevation (river Side), View From Mayo Bridge.

HB1181067
North And East Elevations, View From Mayo Bridge.

HB1181068
East Elevation.

HB1181069
South And East Elevations.

HB1181070
South Elevation (canal Side).

HB1181071
South Elevation, Western Addition And Picking Room.

HB1181072
South And East Elevations Of Picking Room.

HB1181073
Stone Dam (jetty) Extending From Western End Of Manchester Canal Into James River, View Facing Northwest.

HB1181074
Canal Headgate At Western End Of Manchester Canal, View Facing North.

HB1181075
Detail Of North Side Of Canal Headgate.

HB1181076
Manchester Canal, View Facing East (manchester Mill At Left-center).

HB1181077
Manchester Canal, View Facing West (picking Room At Right).

HB1181078
North Side Of Penstock Leading From Canal To Manchester Mill.

HB1181079
South Side Of Penstock.

HB1181080
Manchester Mill Trash Rack, View Facing South.

HB1181081
Trash Rack, View Facing Northwest.

HB1181082
Manchester Mill, Old Turbine Housing (turbine Removed).

HB1181083
Manchester Mill Turbine.

HB1181084
Manchester Mill Tailrace, And Columns Of 1920s Northern Addition

HB1181085
Manchester Mill Tailrace, And Columns Of 1920s Northern Addition

HB1181086
Manchester Mill, First Floor, View Facing North.

HB1181087
Manchester Mill, Second Floor, View Facing Northwest.

HB1181088
Manchester Mill, Third Floor, View Facing Northwest.

HB1181089
Manchester Mill, Detail Of Reinforced Column.

HB1181090
Manchester Mill, Southern Portion Of Ca

HB1181091
Manchester Mill, Fourth Floor, View Facing Northwest

HB1181092
Manchester Mill, Fourth Floor, Elevator Motor And Switches.

HB1181093
Manchester Mill, Attic And Roof Trusses, View Facing North.

HB1181094
Manchester Mill, Paper Making Facilities On First Floor Of Western Addition

HB1181095
Manchester Mill, Paper Making Facilities On First Floor Of Western Addition

HB1181096
Manchester Mill, First Floor Of Fire Damaged Portion Of Western Addition

HB1181097
Manchester Mill, Fire Damaged Portion Of Western Addition


Data Pages


Drawings


Photo Caption Pages


Item Title


Location
Southern Bank of James River at Mayo Bridge, Richmond, VA

Find maps of Richmond, VA


Created/Published
Documentation compiled after 1968.

Notes
Survey number HAER VA-44
Unprocessed field note material exists for this structure (FN-14).
Building/structure dates: 1840 initial construction
Building/structure dates: 1976
Significance: The Manchester Cotton and Woolen Manufacturing Company was among the first textile mills to operate in the Richmond area and represented one of the early efforts to diversify the predominately agrarian economy of antebellum Virginia. The Manchester company was the first to use the water power developed by the Manchester Canal, which later supplied power for grain, paper, sumac, and wood-working facilities. The original building, operated as a cotton mill at this site from ca. 1837 until the early 1890s. The Standard Paper Company purchased the property in 1901. The original portion of the mill remained in use as a warehouse from 1901 until 1976. Today, the well-preserved exterior of the original mill, the canal, and the remnants of the water delivery system and the wheel housings are tangible evidence of pioneering efforts by southern industrialists to enter a market dominated by northern companies.

Collection
Historic American Engineering Record (Library of Congress)

Contents
Photograph caption(s): 
1. NORTH ELEVATION (RIVER SIDE), VIEW FROM MAYO BRIDGE.
2. NORTH AND EAST ELEVATIONS, VIEW FROM MAYO BRIDGE.
3. EAST ELEVATION.
4. SOUTH AND EAST ELEVATIONS.
5. SOUTH ELEVATION (CANAL SIDE).
6. SOUTH ELEVATION, WESTERN ADDITION AND PICKING ROOM.
7. SOUTH AND EAST ELEVATIONS OF PICKING ROOM.
8. STONE DAM (JETTY) EXTENDING FROM WESTERN END OF MANCHESTER CANAL INTO JAMES RIVER, VIEW FACING NORTHWEST.
9. CANAL HEADGATE AT WESTERN END OF MANCHESTER CANAL, VIEW FACING NORTH.
10. DETAIL OF NORTH SIDE OF CANAL HEADGATE.
11. MANCHESTER CANAL, VIEW FACING EAST (MANCHESTER MILL AT LEFT-CENTER).
12. MANCHESTER CANAL, VIEW FACING WEST (PICKING ROOM AT RIGHT).
13. NORTH SIDE OF PENSTOCK LEADING FROM CANAL TO MANCHESTER MILL.
14. SOUTH SIDE OF PENSTOCK.
15. MANCHESTER MILL TRASH RACK, VIEW FACING SOUTH.
16. TRASH RACK, VIEW FACING NORTHWEST.
17. MANCHESTER MILL, OLD TURBINE HOUSING (TURBINE REMOVED).
18. MANCHESTER MILL TURBINE.
19. MANCHESTER MILL TAILRACE, AND COLUMNS OF 1920s NORTHERN ADDITION. OLD TURBINE HOUSING AT CENTER.
20. MANCHESTER MILL TAILRACE, AND COLUMNS OF 1920s NORTHERN ADDITION. NORTHWEST CORNER OF 1830s FOUNDATION AT CENTER.
21. MANCHESTER MILL, FIRST FLOOR, VIEW FACING NORTH.
22. MANCHESTER MILL, SECOND FLOOR, VIEW FACING NORTHWEST.
23. MANCHESTER MILL, THIRD FLOOR, VIEW FACING NORTHWEST.
24. MANCHESTER MILL, DETAIL OF REINFORCED COLUMN.
25. MANCHESTER MILL, SOUTHERN PORTION OF CA. 1918 ADDITION.
26. MANCHESTER MILL, FOURTH FLOOR, VIEW FACING NORTHWEST. NOTE BOTTOM CORDS OF ROOF TRUSSES.
27. MANCHESTER MILL, FOURTH FLOOR, ELEVATOR MOTOR AND SWITCHES.
28. MANCHESTER MILL, ATTIC AND ROOF TRUSSES, VIEW FACING NORTH.
29. MANCHESTER MILL, PAPER MAKING FACILITIES ON FIRST FLOOR OF WESTERN ADDITION. VIEW FACING WEST.
30. MANCHESTER MILL, PAPER MAKING FACILITIES ON FIRST FLOOR OF WESTERN ADDITION. VIEW FACING EAST.
31. MANCHESTER MILL, FIRST FLOOR OF FIRE DAMAGED PORTION OF WESTERN ADDITION. VIEW FACING NORTH (RIVER SIDE).
32. MANCHESTER MILL, FIRE DAMAGED PORTION OF WESTERN ADDITION. VIEW FROM THIRD FLOOR OF CA. 1918 ADDITION, VIEW FACING SOUTH.


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