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Virginia

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Occoquan

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Rockledge, Mill Street, Occoquan, Prince William County, VA



See 21 maps of this location


B&W Photos

HB1165225
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Data Pages


Drawings


Supplemental Material


Item Title


Location
Mill Street, Occoquan, VA

Find maps of Occoquan, VA


Created/Published
Documentation compiled after 1933.

Notes
Survey number HABS VA-577
Unprocessed field note material exists for this structure (FN-136).
Building/structure dates: 1761 initial construction
Significance: The grist mill at Occoquan was justly celebrated and Rockledge was the home of builder, John Ballendine and later of Thomas Ellicott who developed Merchant's Mill (q.v.) to such a high state late in the 18th century. The Ellicott family imported an English tutor, John Davis, to superintend the education of their children. Davis kept an extraordinarily interesting and colorful diary. "Occoquan," he wrote, "consists of a house built on a rock, three others on the river side, and a half dozen log huts scattered at some distance. He found the settlement "romantic beyond conception" and spoke of the hills as "mountains." / House site is carved out of a rocky ledge, hence the name. In front there were small garden terraces. Building and retaining walls are fieldstone. The main block is two-and-a-half stories with gable roof and dormers. Chimneys are of brick, likewise the one-and-a-half storied wing and spring house. This wing on kitchen appears to have subsequently joined to the main building. It still contains bake ovens where the owner's flour was baked into bread and biscuits for commercial distribution. The house is distinguished by its bold and handsome modillion cornice across the front. Inside there is simple woodwork comprising six conventional mantels, chair rails, baseboard and cornices in the principal rooms.

Related Names
Buckland, William
Ballendine, John


Collection
Historic American Buildings Survey (Library of Congress)

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