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Holcomb

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Portsmouth Naval Hospital, Hospital Building, Rixey Place, bounded by Williamson Drive, Holcomb , Portsmouth, VA



B&W Photos

HB1194441
BWPhotos 369080

HB1194442
BWPhotos 369081

HB1194443
BWPhotos 369082

HB1194444
BWPhotos 369083

HB1194445
BWPhotos 369084

HB1194446
BWPhotos 369085

HB1194447
BWPhotos 369086

HB1194448
BWPhotos 369087

HB1194449
BWPhotos 369088

HB1194450
BWPhotos 369089

HB1194451
BWPhotos 369090

HB1194452
BWPhotos 369091

HB1194453
BWPhotos 369092

HB1194454
BWPhotos 369093

HB1194455
BWPhotos 369094

HB1194456
BWPhotos 369095

HB1194457
BWPhotos 369096

HB1194458
BWPhotos 369097

HB1194459
BWPhotos 369098

HB1194460
BWPhotos 369099

HB1194461
BWPhotos 369100

HB1194462
BWPhotos 369101

HB1194463
BWPhotos 369102

HB1194464
BWPhotos 369103

HB1194465
BWPhotos 369104

HB1194466
BWPhotos 369105

HB1194467
BWPhotos 369106

HB1194468
BWPhotos 369107

HB1194469
BWPhotos 369108

HB1194470
BWPhotos 369109

HB1194471
BWPhotos 369110

HB1194472
BWPhotos 369111

HB1194473
BWPhotos 369112

HB1194474
BWPhotos 369113

HB1194475
BWPhotos 369114

HB1194476
BWPhotos 369115

HB1194477
BWPhotos 369116

HB1194478
BWPhotos 369117

HB1194479
BWPhotos 369118

HB1194480
BWPhotos 369119

HB1194481
BWPhotos 369120

HB1194482
BWPhotos 369121

HB1194483
BWPhotos 369122

HB1194484
BWPhotos 369123

HB1194485
BWPhotos 369124

HB1194486
BWPhotos 369125

HB1194487
BWPhotos 369126

HB1194488
BWPhotos 369127

HB1194489
BWPhotos 369128

HB1194490
BWPhotos 369129

HB1194491
BWPhotos 369130

HB1194492
BWPhotos 369131

HB1194493
BWPhotos 369132

HB1194494
BWPhotos 369133

HB1194495
BWPhotos 369134

HB1194496
BWPhotos 369135

HB1194497
BWPhotos 369136

HB1194498
BWPhotos 369137


Item Title
BWPhotos 369137

Location
bounded by Williamson Drive, Holcomb, VA

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Created/Published
Documentation compiled after 1933.

Notes
Survey number HABS VA-1287-A
Significance: The Greek Revival-style Naval Hospital, built in 1827-33, is the first Naval Hospital built in America. The first of six or seven medical facilities constructed for the Navy during the 1820s and 1830s, the Portsmouth Naval Hospital has provided medical facilities for Naval personnel for more than one hundred and fifty years, through the majority of U.S. wars and conflicts beginning with the Civil War. Designed by Philadelphia architect John Haviland, the Hospital was his first important commission outside Philadelphia, and his only federally-sponsored commission. One of the first American hospitals constructed with external galleries, and among the first in which iron was visibly employed, the design of the ward wings featured galleries with iron column supports. The massive stone Doric portico, designed to be visible from a great distance, was a departure from the more subtle character of Haviland's Philadelphia buildings, and remains distinctive within the context of his built works. Haviland's employment of Greek Revival-style architectural elements in a monumental manner is symbolic of the public function of the building. Periodic technical changes that occurred in the practice of medicine were reflected in the later 1907-1910 fourth-floor operating dome and wing additions designed by Washington, DC architects Wood, Donn, and Deming. In addition, the change from a pedestrian scale to a vehicular scale was reflected in the incorporation of concrete porte-cocheres over the entrances in the 1940-41 wing additions designed by Richmond, VA architects Marcellus Wright & Son, Associates.

Collection
Historic American Buildings Survey (Library of Congress)

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