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Virginia

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4011 Fifth Street North

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Buckingham Apartment Complex, Building No. 12, 4007, 4009, 4011 Fifth Street North, Arlington, VA



See 29 maps of this location


B&W Photos

HB1190624
BWPhotos 368672

HB1190625
BWPhotos 368673

HB1190626
BWPhotos 368674

HB1190627
BWPhotos 368675

HB1190628
BWPhotos 368676

HB1190629
BWPhotos 368677

HB1190630
BWPhotos 368678

HB1190631
BWPhotos 368679

HB1190632
BWPhotos 368680

HB1190633
BWPhotos 368681

HB1190634
BWPhotos 368682

HB1190635
BWPhotos 368683

HB1190636
BWPhotos 368684

HB1190637
BWPhotos 368685

HB1190638
BWPhotos 368686

HB1190639
BWPhotos 368687

HB1190640
BWPhotos 368688

HB1190641
BWPhotos 368689

HB1190642
BWPhotos 368690


Item Title
BWPhotos 368690

Location
4009, 4011 Fifth Street North, VA

Find maps of 4011 Fifth Street North, VA


Created/Published
Documentation compiled after 1933.

Notes
Survey number HABS VA-1339-A
Significance: Constructed between 1937 and 1953 the Buckingham Apartment Complex is an important innovative example of garden apartment planning of a large, self-contained, full-service, residential community. Developer, Allie Freed, provided the innovative guidance for the entire development. His ideas regarding prefabrication and mass-productions techniques as applied on the Buckingham construction site were revolutionary -- producing economies of time and money. Sponsored by the Committee for Economic and Social Progress, under the direction of Freed, Buckingham is an important component of the influential movement to provide affordable, well-planned housing for the majority of Americans, solely financed through the private sector. Planner Henry Wright's idealistic scheme integrated affordable housing, industrial technology, the environment, pedestrian movement, and automobile traffic to form a prototype in this area. This development represents and espouses the doctrines of a more humane urban design philosophy. These principles included low-density superblocks, curving streets, separation of automobiles and pedestrians, shallow building plans allowing improved light and ventilation, and large landscaped common spaces. A commercial strip containing a post office, theatre, and drug store provided convenient well-planned services within walking distance of all apartments. Pathways throughout the complex connect each building forming a continuous interconnected park system. A a result of the spirited direction of Allie S. Freed, and the superior planning and design by Henry Wright, the Buckingham complex stands apart from other garden apartment developments and remains significant today.

Collection
Historic American Buildings Survey (Library of Congress)

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