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Virginia

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20-28 Old Street

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Appomattox Iron Works, 20-28 Old Street, Petersburg, VA



See 18 maps of this location


B&W Photos

HB1163954
Rear Of Property

HB1163955
Ca

HB1163956
Pipe Fitting Shop.

HB1163957
Ca

HB1163958
Rear Of Property.

HB1163959
Rear Elevation (1830s Residence).

HB1163960
Entrance To Machine Shop.

HB1163961
Old Street Elevation.

HB1163962
Woodworking & Pattern Shop.

HB1163963
Yard Between Foundry And Old Street Buildings; Pattern And Woodworking Shop On Left.

HB1163964
Peanut Sheller Factory.

HB1163965
Cupola.

HB1163966
Pattern Storage Bins.

HB1163967
Winching Apparatus For Cupola And Metal Polisher.

HB1163968
Working Shop.

HB1163969
Metal Storage And Shear Shed.

HB1163970
Base Of Cupola.

HB1163971
Machine Shop Shaft & Pulley System.

HB1163972
Interior View Of Dilapitated Room With Storage Facilities.

HB1163973
Peanut Sheller Factory.

HB1163974
Pipe Fitting Shop.

HB1163975
Pattern Storage.

HB1163976
Machine Shop Lathe.

HB1163977
Storage Room On Second Floor.

HB1163978
Peanut Sheller Factory.

HB1163979
Woodworking Shop.

HB1163980
C-frame Band Saw.

HB1163981
Hardware Store.

HB1163982
Woodworking Shop.

HB1163983
Machine Shop Elevator & Drill Press.

HB1163984
Pattern Shop.

HB1163985
Hardware Store.

HB1163986
Hoist In Attic Storage Space.

HB1163987
Hardware Store.

HB1163988
Machine Shop: Interior View Showing Horizontal Mill & Drill Presses.

HB1163989
Collection Of Horizontal Steam Engines.

HB1163990
Hardware Store Storage Bins.

HB1163991
Interior View Showing Small Stool; Pedestal Grinder; Metal Shaper And Drill Press.

HB1163992
Pipe Fitting Shop.

HB1163993
Room On Second Floor, 1830-40s Building.

HB1163994
Interior View Of Work Space And Storage Racks.

HB1163995
Attic Storage Space Showing Alteration Of Roof Line.

HB1163996
Interior View Of Basement Room Showing Cooking And Storage Facilities.

HB1163997
Improved Combination Peanut Sheller And Separator.

HB1163998
Interior Stairway Showing Wallpaper And Handrailing.

HB1163999
Foundry Building Interior.

HB1164000
Foundry Building Ruins.

HB1164001
Interior View Of Foundry Building Ruins.

HB1164002
Machine Shop.

HB1164003
Hardware Store.

HB1164004
Machine Shop Interior View Showing 2 Engine Lathes.

HB1164005
Office.

HB1164006
Office.

HB1164007
Third Floor Room.

HB1164008
Storage Bins - 2nd Floor.

HB1164009
Foundry Car.

HB1164010
Machine Tool Repair And Sharpening Room.

HB1164011
Machine Shop: Interior View Showing A Lathe And 2 Shapers.


Data Pages


Drawings


Photo Caption Pages


Item Title


Location
20-28 Old Street, VA

Find maps of 20-28 Old Street, VA


Created/Published
Documentation compiled after 1968.

Notes
Survey number HAER VA-25
Unprocessed field note material exists for this structure (FN-5).
Building/structure dates: 1889 initial construction
Significance: A unique complex of structures which document the transition from antebellum agricultural economy to industrial development in the South following the Civil War. It is also one of the most complete physical records of an early iron foundry in the country. / Appomattox Iron Works is representative of thousands of small foundry and machine shops established in industrial and agricultural communities to provide machinery of all descriptions and agricultural implements to mill operators and farmers. These works were common in rural towns, especially in the South, until the Second World War when standardization of parts, the consolidation of many smaller works into larger companies and modern retail marketing practices put custom foundries such as this out of business. While other foundries disappeared, Appomattox with its physical plant, machinery, tools and patterns remained intact because Albert Steer, the son of one of the early owners, maintained the business until his death in 1972. Located in some of the oldest buildings to survive in the ante-bellum commercial district of Petersburg, the nine building complex is indicative of a small town iron works of the late-19th and early-20th century. It is the accumulated collection of buildings, machinery, patterns and tools, plus the business records, that make the site an unusual survival as well as an outstanding physical record of iron manufacturing in the south. Established in 1876, the Works moved to its present location in 1899. The foundry ceased operations in 1946 though the machine shop continued until 1952. The mill and hardware store closed in 1972. The site is being rehabilitated by Frank Peckinpaugh as a local museum, antiques and crafts shop.

Collection
Historic American Engineering Record (Library of Congress)

Contents
Photograph caption(s): 
1. Rear of property. Scrap iron smashing derrick at left.
2. Ca. 1820 building.
3. Pipe fitting shop.
4. Ca. 1815 buildings.
5. Rear of property.
6. Rear elevation (1830s residence).
7. Entrance to machine shop.
8. Old street elevation.
9. Woodworking & pattern shop.
10. Yard between foundry and old street buildings; pattern and woodworking shop on left.
11. Peanut sheller factory.
12. Cupola.
13. Pattern storage bins.
14. Winching apparatus for cupola and metal polisher.
15. Working shop.
16. Metal storage and shear shed.
17. Base of cupola.
18. Machine shop shaft & pulley system.
19. Interior view of dilapitated room with storage facilities.
20. Peanut sheller factory.
21. Pipe fitting shop.
22. Pattern storage.
23. Machine shop lathe.
24. Storage room on second floor.
25. Peanut sheller factory.
26. Woodworking shop.
27. C-frame band saw.
28. Hardware store.
29. Woodworking shop.
30. Machine shop elevator & drill press.
31. Pattern shop.
32. Hardware store.
33. Hoist in attic storage space.
34. Hardware store.
35. Machine shop: Interior view showing horizontal mill & drill presses.
36. Collection of horizontal steam engines.
37. Hardware store storage bins.
38. Interior view showing small stool; pedestal grinder; metal shaper and drill press.
39. Pipe fitting shop.
40. Room on second floor, 1830-40s building.
41. Interior view of work space and storage racks.
42. Attic storage space showing alteration of roof line.
43. Interior view of basement room showing cooking and storage facilities.
44. Improved combination peanut sheller and separator.
45. Interior stairway showing wallpaper and handrailing.
46. Foundry building interior.
47. Foundry building ruins.
48. Interior view of foundry building ruins.
49. Machine shop.
50. Hardware store.
51. Machine shop interior view showing 2 engine lathes.
52. Office.
53. Office.
54. Third floor room.
55. Storage bins - 2nd floor.
56. Foundry car.
57. Machine tool repair and sharpening room.
58. Machine shop: Interior view showing a lathe and 2 shapers.


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