Historic Photographs

Home

Search

Subject Browse
Browse by Subject >>

State/City Browse
Alaska
Alabama
Arkansas
Arizona
California
Colorado
Connecticut
District of Columbia
Delaware
Florida
Georgia
Hawaii
Iowa
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Massachusetts
Maryland
Maine
Michigan
Minnesota
Missouri
Mississippi
Montana
North Carolina
North Dakota
Nebraska
New Hampshire
New Jersey
New Mexico
Nevada
New York
Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island
South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah
Virginia
Vermont
Washington
Wisconsin
West Virginia
Wyoming

Home

>

Utah

>

Springdale vicinity

>

Zion-Mount Carmel Highway, Tunnel, Two miles east of Zion Canyon Scenic Drive, Springdale, Washington County, UT



B&W Photos


Data Pages


Drawings


Photo Caption Pages


Color Transparencies


Item Title


Location
Two miles east of Zion Canyon Scenic Drive, Springdale vicinity, UT

Find maps of Springdale, UT


Created/Published
Documentation compiled after 1968.

Notes
Survey number HAER UT-39-A
Unprocessed field note material exists for this structure (N200).
Building/structure dates: 1930 initial construction
Building/structure dates: 1951 subsequent work
Building/structure dates: 1958 subsequent work
Significance: The 5,613-foot long, rock-faced Zion-Mount Carmel Tunnel with concrete spines was completed in 1930 and retains structural integrity. It is one of the most spectacular manmade sites at Zion National Park and is the only one of its kind in the Rocky Mountain Region.The tunnel is the longest constructed vehicular tunnel in the National Park system (5,613'), and in the western United States at the time of its completion. Aspects of its construction are unique, such as initial boring through side galleries rather than entrance portals. The tunnel is also significant for its association with the Zion-Mount Carmel Highway, the most expensive and one of the most difficult highways constructed by the National Park Service at its completion in 1930.

Subjects
Civil Engineering
Tunnels
National Parks & Reserves


Related Names
Nevada Construction Company
Bureau Of Public Roads
Finch, J. B.
Mitchell, R. R.
Campbell, K. B.
Jones, T. A.
Jurale, James, Historian
Fraser, Clayton B., Photographer
Anderson, Michael, Historian
Grogan, Brian C., Photographer


Collection
Historic American Engineering Record (Library of Congress)

Contents
Photograph caption(s): 
1. OVERALL VIEW OF WEST PORTAL AND GUARDRAIL, LOOKING SOUTHEAST
2. VIEW OF WEST PORTAL, LOOKING SOUTHEAST
3. OVERALL VIEW OF EAST PORTAL WITH APPROACH BRIDGE, LOOKING SOUTH
4. VIEW OF EAST PORTAL, LOOKING SOUTHWEST
5. VIEW OF GALLERY NUMBER 2, LOOKING SOUTH
6. VIEW OF GALLERY NUMBER 2, LOOKING WEST
WEST PORTAL TRAFFIC CONTROL STATION, FACING WEST
TUNNEL WEST PORTAL, FACING EAST
WEST PORTAL DETAIL
EXTERIOR VIEW OF GALLERY NO. 1
GALLERY NO. 1 WALL AND CURB DETAIL
ALTERNATE VIEW FROM GALLERY NO. 1
VIEW OF EAST TEMPLE FROM GALLERY NO. 1
VIEW OF EAST TEMPLE FROM GALLERY NO. 1
GALLERY NO. 5 VIEW SHOWING PARAPET
DETAIL OF TOP OF GREAT ARCH AS SEEN FROM GALLERY NO. 4
GALLERY NO. 4 PARAPET WALL DETAIL
VIEW OF THE GREAT ARCH FROM GALLERY NO. 4
DETAIL OF SLOT CANYON VISIBLE FROM GALLERY NO. 5
TUNNEL INTERIOR VIEW SHOWING CLOSED GALLERY
TUNNEL VIEW; LIGHT FROM GALLERY NO. 6 AT RIGHT MIDGROUND
TUNNEL VIEW SHOWING WOODEN CRIBBING IN LINING
TUNNEL VIEW WITH GALLERY NO. 4 OPENING IN LEFT FOREGROUND
GALLERY NO. 2. NOTE ROCK BOLT HOLES VISIBLE AT LEFT
TUNNEL VIEW WITH GALLERY NO. 4 OPENING IN LEFT FOREGROUND
26. TUNNEL INTERIOR
27. GALLERY NO. 5, VIEW FROM INTERIOR FACING OUT
28. GALLERY NO. 5, VIEW FACING IN FROM EXTERIOR
29. EAST PORTAL AND CHECKING STATION
30. ZION-MOUNT CARMEL HIGHWAY, PROPOSED TUNNEL ALIGNMENT. PHOTOGRAPH TAKEN FROM NEAR CANYON OVERLOOK TRAIL. CLIFF BRAY, PHOTOGRAPHER, 1928.
31. PREPARING TO BORE GALLERY FROM EXTERIOR FACE OF CLIFF
32. CONTRACTOR PERSONNEL WITH STOPPER DRILL
33. TUNNEL LINING AT STATION 76+50, SHOWING TEMPORARY BRACING
34. GALLERY NO. 1 UNDER CONSTRUCTION. NOTE CONTRACTOR CAMP AT LOWER RIGHT
35. CONSTRUCTION OF GALLERY NO. 1 SHOWING SCAFFOLDING IN PLACE
36. GALLERY NO. 1 UNDER CONSTRUCTION.
37. VIEW FROM EAST TUNNEL PORTAL FACING EAST ACROSS UPPER PINE CREEK BRIDGE
38. PAVING OPERATIONS IN GALLERY NO. 1
39. TUNNEL BORE UNDER CONSTRUCTION. VIEW SHOWS LIGHT CONSTRUCTION RAILWAY FOR HAULING MUCK AND SPOIL
40. CONSTRUCTION OF GALLERY NO. 3, SHOWING INCLINED PLANE USED TO TRANSPORT MATERIALS, ALSO SPOIL FROM TUNNEL INTERIOR. POWDER HOUSE AND TOOL SHED VISIBLE TO RIGHT OF BASE INCLINE
41. WEST PORTAL UNDER CONSTRUCTION
VIEW OF EAST TEMPLE FROM GALLERY NO. 1
GALLERY NO. 5 VIEW SHOWING PARAPET
View of Gallery No. 5
Tunnel view


Back to Springdale vicinity, Utah