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Shiloh vicinity

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Shiloh National Military Park Tour Roads, Shiloh, Hardin County, TN



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Item Title


Location
Shiloh vicinity, TN

Find maps of Shiloh, TN


Created/Published
Documentation compiled after 1968.

Notes
Survey number HAER TN-37
Unprocessed field note material exists for this structure (N669; N902).
Building/structure dates: 1894 initial construction
Building/structure dates: 1933 subsequent work
Building/structure dates: 1954 subsequent work
Building/structure dates: 1981 subsequent work
Significance: Shiloh National Military Park is one of the earliest national battlefield parks. The 3,972 acre park is located in rural Hardin County in southwestern Tennessee. It was established in 1894, making it the third military park created by the federal government to memorialize significant military engagements of the Civil War, coming after Chattanooga/Chickamauga National Military Park and Antietam National Battlefield, both of which began in 1890. The park roads facilitate the access, documentation, and commemoration of one of the first major battles of the western campaign of the Civil War which occurred on April 6 and 7, 1862 at Pittsburg Landing near Shiloh, Tennessee. The history and development of these roads reflect changing interpretations of the historic conflict, of the ideologies of battlefield preservation, and of the changing expectations of a national park experience. The roads form an integral part of the cultural landscape by shaping the education and recreational experience of park visitors. Most are a legacy of the historic traces that existed at the time of the battle and of park roadway design.The park roads are also significant for the role they played in local transportation development. This region's earliest modern paved roadways first appeared in the park. The relationship between the park's intentions for Shiloh National Military Park roads and vernacular expectations and desires continues to be an area of contention and accommodation.

Subjects
"Mission 66" Program
Recreation
Roads


Related Names
U S Department Of War
Johnston, Gen. Albert Sidney
Henderson, D. B.
Cleveland, Pres. Grover
Shiloh Battlefield Association
Lee, E. T.
Lowe, Jet, Photographer
Ott, Cynthia, Historian


Collection
Historic American Engineering Record (Library of Congress)

Contents
Photograph caption(s): 
1. TOWN OF SHILOH AT INTERSECTION OF HIGHWAYS 22 AND 142, LOOKING TOWARDS OLD HOTEL AND THE PARK. VIEW E.
2. ROAD BARRIER ON SECTION OF CORINTH ROAD CLOSED IN THE 1960s, LOOKING INTO PARK FROM THE TOWN OF SHILOH. VIEW NE.
3. McDOWELL'S (1st BRIGADE) HEADQUARTERS MONUMENT AT PARK ENTRANCE AT INTERSECTION OF HIGHWAYS 22 AND 142 (HAMBURG PURDY ROAD), LOOKING ACROSS HIGHWAY 22 INTO PARK. VIEW E.
4. SOWELL FIELD PICNIC AREA ON WEST SIDE OF HIGHWAY 22. VIEW W.
5. LOOKING ACROSS JONES FIELD FROM 14th MISSOURI INFANTRY MARKER, 40 YARDS SOUTHEAST OF AUTO PULL-OFF ON HIGHWAY 22. VIEW S.
6. OGLESBY/HARE HEADQUARTERS MONUMENT ON EAST SIDE OF HIGHWAY 22. VIEW S.
7. NORTH ENTRANCE TO PARK OFF HIGHWAY 22 FROM 14th MISSOURI INFANTRY CAMP MARKER. VIEW SSE.
8. IOWA MONUMENT, CORINTH-PITTSBURG ROAD (LEFT) AND PITTSBURG LANDING ROAD (RIGHT). VIEW W.
9. SOUTH FACADE OF IOWA MONUMENT LOCATED NEAR VISITOR CENTER. VIEW N.
10. PARKING AREA BETWEEN VISITOR CENTER (LEFT) AND BOOKSTORE (RIGHT). VIEW N.
11. STAIRS, SIDEWALK DOWN TO PITTSBURG LANDING FROM NATIONAL CEMETERY, PITTSBURG LANDING ROAD WITH CEMENT GUTTERS TO LEFT. VIEW W.
12. PITTSBURG LANDING PARKING LOT AND INTERPRETATIVE STATION WITH BARGE TRAFFIC ON TENNESSEE RIVER. VIEW E.
13. PARK ROADSCAPE ON SECTION OF CORINTH-PITTSBURG ROAD BETWEEN VISITOR CENTER AND HAMBURG-SAVANNAH ROAD. VIEW SW.
14. MICHIGAN MONUMENT AT JUNCTION OF HAMBURG-SAVANNAH ROAD (LEFT) AND CORINTH-PITTSBURG ROAD (RIGHT). VIEW S.
15. SUNKEN ROAD NEAR EAST SIDE OF CORINTH-PITTSBURG ROAD. VIEW E.
16. McCLERNAND'S HEADQUARTERS MONUMENT ON EAST SIDE OF McCLERNAND ROAD. VIEW NW.
17. CORINTH ROAD NEAR INTERSECTION OF GRAVEL ROAD, WITH WATER OAKS POND TO RIGHT. VIEW SE.
18. HAMBURG PURDY ROAD WITH 77th PENNSYLVANIA INFANTRY MONUMENT AND REVIEW FIELD TO LEFT. VIEW SE.
19. SHILOH CHURCH CEMETERY, ARTILLERY AND AUTO PULL-OFF ON WEST SIDE OF CORINTH ROAD. VIEW SW.
20. PAIR OF STONE CULVERTS OVER CORINTH ROAD AT SHILOH BRANCH WITH ANDERSON'S BRIGADE MARKER TO LEFT. VIEW N.
21. DOUBLE STONE CULVERT OVER SHILOH BRANCH ON CORINTH ROAD, NORTHERN-MOST OF A PAIR OF CULVERTS OVER CREEK. VIEW NW.
22. STONE CULVERT OVER SHILOH BRANCH ON PEABODY ROAD NEAR INTERSECTION WITH CORINTH ROAD. VIEW NE.
23. REA SPRINGS GRAVEL PARKING AREA, SPRINGS TO RIGHT. VIEW NW.
24. OVERGROWN SECTION OF CORINTH ROAD BETWEEN JUNCTION OF RECONNOITERING ROAD AND THE TOWN OF SHILOH, CLOSED TO TRAFFIC IN 1960s, LOOKING TOWARDS TOWN. VIEW S.
25. RECONNOITERING ROAD LOOKING EAST BEFORE IT LOOPS NORTHWARD IN THE FAR DISTANCE. VIEW E.
26. SOUTHERN ENTRANCE TO PARK ON EASTERN CORINTH ROAD WITH GLADDEN'S MORTUARY MONUMENT ON RIGHT. VIEW N.
27. PICTURESQUE MILITARY PARK LANDSCAPE ALONG NORTH SIDE OF HAMBURG-PURDY ROAD WITH GEORGE CABIN VISIBLE ON THE FAR SIDE OF BELL'S FIELD. VIEW N.
28. BELL'S FIELD LOOKING ACROSS HAMBURG-PURDY ROAD, EAST OF EASTERN CORINTH ROAD. VIEW NE.
29. SOUTHEASTERN ENTRANCE TO PARK ON HAMBURG-SAVANNAH ROAD, STUART'S HEADQUARTERS MONUMENT TO RIGHT AT FAR EDGE OF FIELD. VIEW NW.
30. JOHNSTON'S MEMORIAL SITE WITH MONUMENT, MEMORIAL TREE STUMP, ROADSIDE EXHIBIT, AND PARKING TURNAROUND. VIEW N.
31. JOHNSTON'S MORTUARY MONUMENT WITH MEMORIAL TREE STUMP IN BACKGROUND. VIEW S.
32. JOHNSTON'S MEMORIAL TREE STUMP, WHERE HE WAS SUPPOSEDLY FOUND MORTALLY WOUNDED. VIEW E.
33. HISTORIC PLAQUE MARKING WHERE JOHNSTON DIED, ADJACENT TO PATHWAY WITH CONCRETE CULVERT LEADING NORTH OUT OF RAVINE TOWARD JOHNSTON MEMORIAL SITE. VIEW NW.
34. HISTORIC PLAQUE MARKING WHERE GENERAL JOHNSTON DIED, LOCATED IN RAVINE SOUTH OF MEMORIAL SITE. VIEW E.
35. PEACH ORCHARD ALONG WEST SIDE OF HAMBURG-SAVANNAH ROAD. VIEW NE.
36. BLOODY POND WITH ROADSIDE EXHIBIT IN FOREGROUND, WEST SIDE OF HAMBURG SAVANNAH ROAD NORTH OF ORCHARD. VIEW W.
37. HAMBURG-PURDY ROAD WITH ALABAMA MEMORIAL (LEFT) AND RIVERSIDE DRIVE AHEAD (RIGHT). VIEW N.
38. INDIAN MOUNDS COMPLEX ON RIVERSIDE DRIVE WITH LIMESTONE ROADSIDE BARRIERS. VIEW NE.
39. BARGE TRAFFIC ON TENNESSEE RIVER FROM LARGEST INDIAN MOUND. VIEW SE.
40. RIVERSIDE DRIVE JUST DOWNHILL FROM INDIAN MOUNDS WITH CONCRETE RETAINING WALL THAT ONCE FORMED PART OF A GATE TO RIGHT. VIEW E.
41. RIVERSIDE DRIVE AS IT CROSSES DILL BRANCH, CULVERT LOCATED NEAR POSTS AT RIGHT. VIEW S.
42. ATOP DILL BRANCH CULVERT ON RIVERSIDE DRIVE, BARRIER PROTECTION AGAINST ROAD EROSION FROM THE RIVER. VIEW S.
43. DILL BRANCH CONCRETE CULVERT BELOW RIVERSIDE DRIVE. VIEW W.
44. RIVERSIDE DRIVE NORTH OF DILL BRANCH CULVERT WITH CONCRETE GUTTERS (LEFT) AND WOOD ROAD BARRIERS (RIGHT). VIEW SE.


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