Ellsworth Air Force Base, Mess & Administration Building, 1561 Ellsworth Street, Blackhawk, Meade County, SD
1561 Ellsworth Street, Blackhawk vicinity, SD
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Documentation compiled after 1933.
Survey number HABS SD-21-T
Building/structure dates: 1952 initial construction
Significance: The Mess Hall and Administration Building (Building No. 1107) is one of at least four men's mess halls constructed at the base during the early 1950s; all are of a similar configuration, and are probably of standard Strategic Air Command design. The buildings were constructed simultaneously with--and adjacent to--groups of SAC-type airmen dormitories. All were remodeled for new functions as central replacement dining facilities were constructed. This is one of two such buildings constructed in 1951-52 by the H&B Construction Company, a joint venture of two Rapid City construction firms. The mess halls were built next to a block of seventeen dormitory-style airmen's barracks (1951), together providing the base with modern housing to supplement its World War II era barracks. It represents Ellsworth's significant growth in both size and function during the Cold War era. Ellsworth, one of the Air Force's major bomber bases at that time, served as a repository of a larger portion of the nation's nuclear weapons arsenal, and became home to a nuclear missile wing.
Military Art & Science
Eating & Drinking
U.S. Air Force
H & B Construction Company
Groethe, Bill, Photographer
Rosby, Wayne, Historian
Geiger, Lee, Historian
Historic American Buildings Survey (Library of Congress)
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