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Stateburg

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Borough House, West Side State Route 261, about .1 mile south sid, Stateburg, Sumter County, SC



B&W Photos

HB1046835
May 1985

HB1046836
May 1985

HB1046837
May 1985

HB1046838
May 1985

HB1046839
May 1985

HB1046840
May 1985


Data Pages


Drawings


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Item Title


Location
about .1 mile south sid, Stateburg, SC

Find maps of Stateburg, SC


Created/Published
Documentation compiled after 1933.

Notes
Survey number HABS SC-362
Unprocessed field note material exists for this structure (N228).
Building/structure dates: 1758 initial construction
National Register Number: 72001224
Significance: The Borough House is a late 18th and early 19th century plantation house with numerous surviving dependencies and extensive gardens. Major structures in the complex were designed and built in a modified Greek Revival style. Portions of the main house and seven of its dependencies are constructed of rammed earth, a highly unusual material for this style of architecture in the United States. The gardens show influences of European and American design traditions. In addition to the architectural and landscape features of this complex, the home also has important historical associations for the state and nation related to the Revolutionary and Civil Wars. The Borough House complex was listed in the National Register of Historic Places as part of the Stateburg Historic District in 1971 and as an individual site in 1972.

Subjects
Houses


Related Names
Cornwallis
Greene


Collection
Historic American Buildings Survey (Library of Congress)

Contents
Photograph caption(s): 
7. May 1985. EAST (FRONT) FACADE IN SPRING
8. May 1985. EAST (FRONT) PORTICO FROM NORTH
9. May 1985. EAST (FRONT) OF HOUSE FROM SOUTHEAST
10. May 1985. DETAIL OF STEPS AND FOUNDATION GUTTER FOR EAST FACADE OF SOUTHERN WING OF MAIN HOUSE (Note opening at bottom of porch pilaster for discharge of water when pilaster was once used as a downspout.)
11. May 1985. DETAIL OF JIB WINDOW, SECOND FLOOR PORCH, EAST SIDE OF CENTRAL BLOCK
12. May 1985. EAST FACADE OF 'NORTH WING'
13. May 1985. EAST FACADE OF GARAGE (connected to north wing of house by porte cochere and breezeway)
14. March 1987. SOUTHWEST CORNER OF 'NORTH WING' AND WEST FACADE OF PANTRY
15. November 1986. SOUTHWEST CORNER OF 'NORTH WING', SHOWING STOOP AND FOUNDATION PLANTINGS
16. November 1986. WEST (REAR) FACADE OF CENTRAL BLOCK
17. May 1985. OBLIQUE VIEW FROM SOUTH LOOKING AT WEST (REAR) FACADE OF HOUSE (Negative slightly reticulated)
18. November 1986. OBLIQUE VIEW FROM SOUTH LOOKING AT WEST (REAR) FACADE OF HOUSE, INCLUDING EASTERN ALLEE OF FORMAL GARDENS
19. November 1986. DETAIL OF BACK PORCH COLONNADE
20. May 1985. DETAIL OF BACK PORCH COLONNADE (Negative slightly reticulated)
21. May 1985. DETAIL OF CALL BELLS (Located under hood of back porch, each bell is mechanically rung and has a tone specific to one of several rooms on the first floor)
22. May 1985. GENERAL VIEW OF MAIN HOUSE FROM SOUTH
23. May 1985. DETAIL OF SOUTH FACADE OF CONSERVATORY
24. May 1985. STEPS INTO CELLAR OF CENTRAL BLOCK (steps entered from bulkhead on back porch)
25. May 1985. DETAIL OF CELLAR STEPS AND EARTH WALL OF CELLAR IN CENTRAL BLOCK
26. May 1985. INTERIOR OF CELLAR OF CENTRAL BLOCK
27. May 1985. INTERIOR OF SITTING ROOM, FIRST FLOOR OF CENTRAL BLOCK, LOOKING SOUTH
28. May 1985. DETAIL OF FRANKLIN STOVE IN SITTING ROOM
29. May 1985. DETAIL OF INSCRIPTION IN WINDOW PANE IN SITTING ROOM (window is immediately south of front, or east, doors; inscription reads: 'Another May new buds new flowers Ah why has happiness no second spring' (author and date undetermined)
30. May 1985. INTERIOR OF PARLOR, LOOKING SOUTHEAST FROM DOOR TO SITTING ROOM
31. May 1985. DETAIL OF FIREPLACE IN PARLOR
32. May 1985. DETAIL OF FIREPLACE IN SOUTHWESTERN BEDROOM, FIRST FLOOR, AS SEEN FROM DOOR TO PARLOR
33. May 1985. PLANTATION-MADE CABINET IN STAIRWELL NORTH OF SITTING ROOM
34. May 1985. LOOKING NORTH DOWN HALL FROM SITTING ROOM TO PANTRY (Stairway to second floor of central block shown in left of view)
35. May 1985. LOOKING WEST AT STAIRS TO SECOND FLOOR OF CENTRAL BLOCK
36. May 1985. LOOKING SOUTH AT STAIRS TO SECOND FLOOR OF CENTRAL BLOCK (Door to Sitting Room in left background)
37. May 1985. LOOKING SOUTH DOWN HALL FROM PANTRY TO SITTING ROOM (Door in foreground was exterior door in 1821 before addition of pantry; note wear in stone threshold)
38. May 1985. INTERIOR OF DINING ROOM LOOKING NORTH FROM DOOR TO FRONT PORCH
39. May 1985. DETAIL OF DINING ROOM FIREPLACE
40. May 1985. DETAIL, SOUTHEAST CORNER OF DINING ROOM (Sideboard doors still bear bayonet holes made by Union Army troops during a Civil War raid)
41. November 1986. LOOKING WEST DOWN BROADWALK FROM BACK PORCH IN LATE AUTUMN
42. May 1985. LOOKING WEST DOWN BROADWALK TOWARD BALUSTRADE
43. May 1985. LOOKING WEST DOWN BROADWALK TOWARD BALUSTRADE
44. March 1987. DETAIL OF BALUSTRADE AT WEST END OF BROADWALK
45. March 1987. LOOKING EAST UP BROADWALK TO HOUSE FROM BALUSTRADE IN WINTER
46. May 1985. LOOKING EAST UP BROADWALK TO HOUSE FROM BALUSTRADE IN SPRING
47. May 1985. VIEW DOWN WESTERN ALLEE SOUTH OF BALUSTRADE, LOOKING SOUTH (This allee is part of western boundary of the formal garden plan)
48. May 1985. BOUNDARY ALLEES AT SOUTHWESTERN CORNER OF FORMAL GARDEN PLAN
49. March 1987. PATHWAY FORMING EASTERN BOUNDARY OF FORMAL GARDEN PLAN, LOOKING NORTH ALONG REAR OF MAIN HOUSE (Broadwalk begins at left, opposite porch)
50. November 1986. GENERAL VIEW OF VICTORIAN ROCKERY GARDEN (between main house and Weaving House)
51. March 1987. PATHWAY FORMING EASTERN BOUNDARY OF FORMAL GARDEN PLAN, LOOKING NORTH FROM SCHOOL
52. May 1985. LOOKING SOUTH DOWN BRIDLE PATH TOWARD CARRIAGE HOUSE IN SPRING (Bridle path forms part of eastern boundary of formal garden plan)
53. March 1987. VIEW SOUTHWEST TOWARD HAYBARN AND STABLES FROM SOUTH END OF BRIDLE PATH (This point is also the southeastern corner of the formal garden plan; from camera station, southern boundary allee runs west between haybarn at left and orchard/pasture at right.)
54. March 1987. LOOKING NORTH IN WINTER FROM HAYBARN TOWARD SCHOOL FROM SOUTHEASTERN QUADRANT OF FORMAL GARDEN
55. May 1985. LOOKING SOUTH DOWN FRONT LAWN FROM MAIN HOUSE; 'PINE TREE No. 1' IN MIDGROUND AT LEFT
56. May 1985. LOOKING SOUTHEAST IN SPRING TOWARD MAIN HOUSE AND DEPENDENCIES FROM NORTHWEST CORNER OF KITCHEN GARDEN (Negative slightly reticulated. Camera station is at intersection of northern boundary allee and central north-south allee. Dependencies, from left to right: wood shed, Cook's House, chicken house (now a shop), tool shed, wash house, smokehouse, and Kitchen-Storehouse. Main house is in background at right)
57. March 1987. LOOKING SOUTHEAST IN WINTER TOWARD MAIN HOUSE AND DEPENDENCIES FROM NORTHWEST CORNER OF KITCHEN GARDEN (Camera station is at intersection of northern boundary allee and central north-south allee. Dependencies, from left to right: wood shed, Cook's House, chicken house (now a shop), tool shed, wash house, smokehouse, and Kitchen-Storehouse. Main house is in background at right)
58. March 1987. DEPENDENCIES NORTHWEST OF MAIN HOUSE, LOOKING EAST (Kitchen garden is at left. Dependencies, from left to right: wash house, pump house, and cistern. Kitchen-Storehouse and main house in background at far right.)
59. May 1985. DEPENDENCIES NORTHWEST OF MAIN HOUSE, LOOKING WEST FROM PORTE COCHERE OF NORTH WING (Path in center of view leads to northwestern quadrant of formal garden plan where swimming pool lies. Dependencies, from left to right: Kitchen-Storehouse, tool shed, cistern, pump house, then Smokehouse in right foreground)
60. May 1985. DEPENDENCIES NORTHWEST OF MAIN HOUSE, LOOKING NORTH ALONG EASTERN BOUNDARY ALLEE IN SPRING (The courtyard in middle of view used to be a chicken yard. Dependencies, from left to right: Smokehouse, wash house, chicken house, chicken brooder, then garage to right of tree. Steel structure in view to left of tree is tower for television antenna. Tree in foreground is a tulip poplar, Liriodendron tulipifera.)
61. March 1987. DEPENDENCIES NORTHWEST OF MAIN HOUSE, LOOKING NORTH ALONG EASTERN BOUNDARY ALLEE IN WINTER (The courtyard in middle of view used to be a chicken yard. Dependencies, from left to right: Smokehouse, wash house, chicken house, chicken brooder, Cook's house, and garage to right of tree. Steel structure in view to left of tree is tower for television antenna. Breezeway at extreme right connects garage to porte cochere.)
62. May 1985. NORTH END OF WASH HOUSE (Negative slightly reticulated. Tree behind fence is common fig, Ficus carica.)
63. March 1987. NORTH END OF WASH HOUSE The following views are photocopies:
64. June 1979. Copy of color enlargement from an original 35mm slide by William S. Anderson. Oblique aerial view of Borough House and immediately adjacent dependencies from the southeast.
65. March 1978. Copy of enlargement from original 11Omm black-and-white aerial negative from Sortie 414, made by United States Air Force, Tactical Reconaissance Wing, Ninth Air Force, at Shaw Air Force Base, Sumter, South Carolina. Overhead aerial view of Borough House with surrounding grounds and adjacent properties.
View in cemetery to show Joel R. Poinsett's grave


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