Historic Photographs

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Clemson

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Fort Hill, Clemson University Campus, Clemson, Pickens County, SC



B&W Photos

HB1040023
East Front

HB1040024
East Front, From The Southeast

HB1040025
South Side And East Front

HB1040026
South Side And West Rear

HB1040027
West Rear, Detail Of Porch

HB1040028
Interior, First Floor, Parlor

HB1040029
Interior, First Floor, Dining Room

HB1040030
Interior, Kitchen Of Original Wing, Detail Of Fireplace And Bake Oven

HB1040031
Interior, Second Floor, North Bedroom, Detail Of Fireplace And Closet

HB1040032
Interior, Second Floor, Looking From North Bedroom Through Connecting Closet Into West Bedroom

HB1040033
Interior, Second Floor, West Bedroom, Detail Of Fireplace Wall

HB1040034
Interior, Second Floor, Southeast Bedroom, Detail Of Fireplace Wall


Data Pages


Drawings


Photo Caption Pages


Item Title


Location
Clemson University Campus, Clemson, SC

Find maps of Clemson, SC


Created/Published
Documentation compiled after 1933.

Notes
Survey number HABS SC-344
Unprocessed field note material exists for this structure (N424).
Building/structure dates: 1802 initial construction
Building/structure dates: 1825 subsequent work
Building/structure dates: 1930 subsequent work
National Register Number: 66000708
Significance: Fort Hill was the home of the nineteenth-century statesman John C. Calhoun and his son-in-law Thomas Green Clemson, the founder of Clemson University. The house began in 1803 as a small, two-story, four room building constructed by the Reverend James McElhenny the pastor at the nearby old stone church. John C. Calhoun acquired Fort Hill, then known as Clergy Hall, in 1825. He added ten rooms to the central core during several renovations and renamed his enlarged estate "Fort Hill" in 1830. Today Fort Hill also refers to the larger complex, including the house, Calhoun's Office, a reconstructed kitchen, a partially restored spring house, and immediate grounds. The structures are furnished with many artifacts from the Calhoun and Clemson families. Since the University's founding, Fort Hill has operated as a historic house museum, as stipulated by a provision in the will of Thomas G. Clemson.The historical significance of Fort Hill rests on the stature of John C. Calhoun, who served almost continually in national politics from 1810 until his death in 1850. In his office at Fort Hill, as Vice President, Calhoun reflected on the constitution and, in the fall of 1828, formulated ideas that were anonymously published as "the South Carolina Exposition and Protest." There, in July of 1831, he also penned his famous "Fort Hill Address" setting forth his doctrine of nullification outlining the concept of states' rights. Calhoun graduated from Yale University and the Tapping Reeve Law School in Litchfield, Connecticut. During his forty years of public service, Calhoun was a member of Congress (1811-17), Secretary of War (1817-25) under James Monroe, Vice President (1828-32) during Andrew Jackson's first term, Senator (1832-43), Secretary of State under John Tyler (1844-45), and again as Senator (1845-50). He is best remembered as a part of the great triumvirate in the U.S. Senate with Henry Clay and Daniel Webster.

Subjects
Agriculture
Plantation Houses
Politicians


Related Names
Calhoun, John C.
Clemson, Thomas G.
Hiott, William D., Historian
Louden, Elizabeth I., Delineator
Howell, Martin Jeffrey, Delineator
Dochterman, Abby J., Delineator
Mui, Helen, Delineator
Taylor, A. Brooke, Delineator
Yuen, Nancy Ka Po, Delineator
Gborgiadou, Styliani, Delineator
Boucher, Jack E., Photographer


Collection
Historic American Buildings Survey (Library of Congress)

Contents
Photograph caption(s): 
1. EAST FRONT
2. EAST FRONT, FROM THE SOUTHEAST
3. SOUTH SIDE AND EAST FRONT
4. SOUTH SIDE AND WEST REAR
5. WEST REAR, DETAIL OF PORCH
6. INTERIOR, FIRST FLOOR, PARLOR
7. INTERIOR, FIRST FLOOR, DINING ROOM
8. INTERIOR, KITCHEN OF ORIGINAL WING, DETAIL OF FIREPLACE AND BAKE OVEN
9. INTERIOR, SECOND FLOOR, NORTH BEDROOM, DETAIL OF FIREPLACE AND CLOSET
10. INTERIOR, SECOND FLOOR, LOOKING FROM NORTH BEDROOM THROUGH CONNECTING CLOSET INTO WEST BEDROOM
11. INTERIOR, SECOND FLOOR, WEST BEDROOM, DETAIL OF FIREPLACE WALL
12. INTERIOR, SECOND FLOOR, SOUTHEAST BEDROOM, DETAIL OF FIREPLACE WALL
Perspective view looking from the northeast (duplicate of HABS No. SC-344-16)
Environmental view looking from the northeast (duplicate of HABS No. SC-344-17)
North elevation (Similar to HABS No. SC-344-26)
View looking north to south along the west porch (Duplicate of HABS No. SC-344-41)
Perspective view of the office, looking from the northwest (Duplicate of HABS No. SC-344-45)
View from porch (Duplicate of HABS No. SC-344-50)
Interior view, east entry hall (Duplicate of HABS No. SC-344-55)
Interior view, parlor, view looking south to the fireplace (Duplicate of HABS No. SC-344-59)
Interior view, looking from the southwest in the state room (Duplicate of HABS No. SC-344-63)
Interior view, view looking from the southeast corner to the northwest (Duplicate of HABS No. SC-344-66)
Interior view, view looking south southeast in the Floride Lee Calhoun Memorial Room(Duplicate of HABS No. SC-344-74)
Interior view, first floor view of master bedroom looking west (Duplicate of HABS No. SC-344-79)
Interior view, looking east in the master bedroom to the south entry hall (Duplicate of HABS No. SC-344-83)
Interior view, view looking southeast in the second floor north central bedroom(Duplicate of HABS No. SC-344-87)
Interior view, second floor view looking east in the Clemsons' bedroom to fireplace(Duplicate of HABS No. SC-344-100)
Interior view, second floor detail view in the Clemsons' bedroom to show fireplace and mantel, with scale (Duplicate of HABS No. SC-344-103)
Interior view, general view looking southwest inside kitchen (Duplicate of HABS No. SC-344-116)
Interior view, general view looking south inside the office (Duplicate of HABS No. SC-344-120)
Interior view, general view looking southeast inside the office (Duplicate of HABS No. SC-344-121)


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