Cherokee National Capitol Building, 101-29 South Muskogee Avenue, Tahlequah, Cherokee County, OK
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Photo Caption Pages
101-29 South Muskogee Avenue, Tahlequah, OK
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Documentation compiled after 1933.
Survey number HABS OK-24
Unprocessed field note material exists for this structure (FN-26).
Building/structure dates: 1867 initial construction
Building/structure dates: 1880 subsequent work
Building/structure dates: 1886 subsequent work
Building/structure dates: 1904 subsequent work
Building/structure dates: 1928 subsequent work
National Register Number: 66000627
Significance: The Cherokee National Capitol, completed and occupied by circa 1869, was constructed on the site which had served as the meeting place for the Cherokee Government since their arrival in Indian Territory in 1839. Built to replace its wooden predecessor (which had burned during the Civil War), it housed the Cherokee Supreme Court as well as the Cherokee legislature, which convened there for the longest unbroken period of time in its history. With statehood in 1907, the National Council lost its power as a lawmaker, and the building soon became the property of Cherokee County. It has served as the County Courthouse ever since. Its Italianate appearance reflects the apparent time lag of popular architectural styles from East to West.
Indians Of North America
Goodlander, C. W.
Marsh, J. C.
Smalling, Walter, Photographer
Hnedak, John D., Historian
Grashof, Bethanie C., Delineator
Higgins, Vicki J., Delineator
Holmes, Nicholas H., Delineator
Swayze, Roger D., Delineator
McCown, Susan, Historian
Historic American Buildings Survey (Library of Congress)
1. GENERAL VIEW OF BUILDING WITH BANDSTAND IN FOREGROUND, FROM SOUTHWEST
2. GENERAL VIEW OF FRONT ELEVATION WITH OBELISK MONUMENT IN FOREGROUND, FROM WEST
3. WEST (FRONT) ELEVATION
4. WEST AND SOUTH ELEVATIONS
5. NORTH ELEVATION
6. GROUND FLOOR, LOOKING WEST
7. HALLWAY LOOKING EAST, SECOND FLOOR
8. PHOTOCOPY OF EARLY PHOTO OF THE BUILDING WITH ITS ORIGINAL FEATURES, n.d. From National Archives, Bureau of Indian Affairs, photo No. 75-1P-2-37, Washington, D.C.
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