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Terminal Tower Building, Cleveland Union Terminal, 50 Public Square, Cleveland, Cuyahoga County, OH



See 39 maps of this location


B&W Photos

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Data Pages


Photo Caption Pages


Item Title


Location
50 Public Square, Cleveland, OH

Find maps of Cleveland, OH


Created/Published
Documentation compiled after 1933.

Notes
Survey number HABS OH-2280
Building/structure dates: 1930 initial construction
Building/structure dates: 1960 subsequent work
Building/structure dates: 1970 subsequent work
Building/structure dates: 1982 subsequent work
National Register Number: 72001018
Significance: The Terminal Tower Building is one of seven buildings built in the 1920's, known as the Terminal Group, an urban business complex comparable to and predating Rockefeller Center in New York City. Air rights, then a new concept, were required to construct the complex consisting of the train station (Cleveland Union Terminal) on the lower levels and the various buildings on top of it. Literally built in layers, the railroad tracks run directly beneath the buildings. For the first time in the United States, electric locomotives were in operation. The design development of the Terminal Tower Building, Cleveland Union Terminal examined several design concepts. The existing 52-story skyscraper replaced the original concept of a 14-story building capped by a cupola. The tower and main entrance of the Terminal Tower Building are designed after the New York Municipal Building. The Terminal Tower Building rises 708 feet and until 1967 was the second tallest building in the country. Fred Harvey concessions which were located in the concourses of the 72.5 level of the station, created the world's largest railroad service operation.

Related Names
Graham,Anderson,Probst, & White
White, Howard J.
Probst, Edward


Collection
Historic American Buildings Survey (Library of Congress)

Contents
Photograph caption(s): 
1. THE TERMINAL GROUP FROM THE SOHIO BUILDING, TERMINAL TOWER IN CENTER, VIEW NORTH TO SOUTH
2. SOUTH ELEVATION IN CONTEXT FROM ACROSS THE CUYAHOGA RIVER, VIEW SOUTH TO NORTH
3. EAST END OF FORMER TRACK AREA, NOW A PARKING LOT, VIEW SOUTH TO NORTH
4. SOUTH ELEVATION SHOWING PROJECTING STRUCTURAL GIRDERS FROM ORIGINAL CONSTRUCTION, VIEW EAST TO WEST
5. STEAM CONCOURSE ROOF, VIEW NORTH TO SOUTH
6. PUBLIC SQUARE ENTRANCE, LEVEL 85, VIEW NORTH TO SOUTH
7. DETAIL, PUBLIC SQUARE ENTRANCE, ENGAGED COLUMNS, VIEW NORTH TO SOUTH
8. DETAIL, PUBLIC SQUARE ENTRANCE, TYPICAL BRONZE ENTRYWAY, VIEW NORTH TO SOUTH
9. DETAIL, PUBLIC SQUARE ENTRANCE, TYPICAL ARCHED WINDOW
10. DETAIL, PUBLIC SQUARE ENTRANCE, ARCH ROSETTES
11. DETAIL, PUBLIC SQUARE ENTRANCE, ENTABLATURE WITH CLOCK
12. PROSPECT AVENUE ELEVATION, LEVEL 100, VIEW WEST TO EAST
13. DETAIL, PROSPECT AVENUE ENTRANCE, TYPICAL ARCH, VIEW SOUTH TO NORTH
14. TYPICAL PROSPECT AVENUE STOREFRONT, VIEW SOUTH TO NORTH
15. PROSPECT AVENUE STOREFRONT DETAIL, VIEW SOUTH TO NORTH
16. ARCADE, LEVEL 100, VIEW SOUTH TO NORTH
17. ARCADE, VIEW NORTH TO SOUTH
18. DETAIL, ARCADE, TYPICAL STOREFRONT
19. DETAIL, ARCADE, OPENING TO PASSAGE TO ADDITIONAL SHOPS, VIEW EAST TO WEST
20. DETAIL, ARCADE, DOORWAY TO PROSPECT AVENUE VESTIBULE, VIEW NORTH TO SOUTH
21. DETAIL, ARCADE, CORNICE AND CEILING
22. DETAIL, ARCADE, TYPICAL LIGHT FIXTURE
23. PORTICO, LEVEL 85, NORTH WALL, VIEW EAST TO WEST
24. PORTICO, VIEW WEST TO EAST
25. DETAIL, PORTICO, ACCESS TO PUBLIC SQUARE, VIEW TO NORTH
26. PORTICO, WEST END
27. PORTICO, TYPICAL ARCH ALONG MURAL WALL, VIEW TO SOUTH
28. DETAIL, PORTICO, COFFERED CEILING
29. DETAIL, PORTICO, TYPICAL LIGHT FIXTURE
30. DETAIL, PORTICO, MURAL IN LUNETTE OVER DOORWAY
31. PORTICO, LOBBY AREA OUTSIDE FIRST BANK
32. INNER LOBBY, LEVEL 85, VIEW EAST TO WEST
33. INNER LOBBY, VIEW WEST TO EAST
34. TYPICAL OPENING BETWEEN INNER LOBBY AND PORTICO, VIEW SOUTH TO NORTH
35. DETAIL, INNER LOBBY, COFFERED CEILING
36. GRAND STAIR, LEADING FROM INNER LOBBY TO ARCADE AT LEVEL 100, VIEW TO SOUTH
37. GRAND STAIR, VIEW TO SOUTH
38. GRAND STAIR, VIEW TO NORTH INTO INNER LOBBY
39. GRAND STAIR, VIEW NORTH FROM ARCADE TO INNER LOBBY
40. DETAIL, GRAND STAIR, TYPICAL PILASTER
41. DETAIL, GRAND STAIR, CEILING
42. ELEVATOR LOBBY, LEVEL 85, VIEW TO SOUTH
43. DETAIL, ELEVATOR LOBBY, TYPICAL ELEVATOR DOORS
44. DETAIL, ELEVATOR LOBBY, CEILING
45. DETAIL, ELEVATOR LOBBY, CORNICE AND PLASTER CEILING
46. BANKING ROOM, LEVEL 85, OVERALL VIEW TO NORTH
47. BANKING ROOM, OVERALL VIEW TO SOUTH
48. DETAIL, BANKING ROOM, CEILING
49. DETAIL, BANKING ROOM, TYPICAL COLUMN AND CAPITAL
50. DETAIL, BANKING ROOM, COLUMN AND CAPITAL
51. DETAIL, BANKING ROOM, TYPICAL GRATE
52. LEVEL 85 PASSAGE, TO MIDLAND BANK BUILDING, VIEW TO EAST
53. DETAIL, LEVEL 85 PASSAGE, STAIR TO EAST TRACTION CONCOURSE
54. LEVEL 85 PASSAGE, TO BANKING ROOM, VIEW SOUTH TO NORTH
55. RAILROAD FACILITIES, TRUCKING PASSAGE, MAIL TRANSPORT AREA UNDER HURON ROAD, LEVEL 85, VIEW TO EAST
56. RAILROAD FACILITIES, TRUCKING PASSAGE, TYPICAL TRAINMEN'S MEETING ROOM, VIEW TO SOUTH
57. RAILROAD FACILITIES, TRUCKING PASSAGE, TYPICAL STORAGE AREAS
58. RAILROAD FACILITIES, TRUCKING PASSAGE, WASH BASIN
59. RAILROAD FACILITIES, TRUCKING PASSAGE, LAVATORY, LOCKER ROOM
60. RAILROAD FACILITIES, TRUCKING PASSAGE, TYPICAL OFFICE, VIEW TO SOUTHEAST
61. RAILROAD FACILITIES, TRUCKING PASSAGE, MAIL TRANSPORT AREA, UNDER HURON ROAD, BAGGAGE ELEVATOR, VIEW TO WEST
62. RAILROAD FACILITIES, TRUCKING PASSAGE, MAIL TRANSPORT AREA, ACCESS TO POST OFFICE BUILDING, VIEW TO WEST
63. RAILROAD FACILITIES, TRUCKING PASSAGE, CONDUIT VAULT ROOM, VIEW TO EAST
64. RAMP, VIEW SOUTH TO MAIN CONCOURSE AT 72.5 LEVEL
65. RAMP, VIEW NORTH TO PORTICO AND PUBLIC SQUARE AT 85 LEVEL
66. RAMP, OPENING AT CONCOURSE LEVEL
67. RAMP, VIEW SOUTH FROM PORTICO TO CONCOURSE LEVEL
68. DETAIL, RAMP, CORNICE AND CEILING
69. DETAIL, RAMP, TYPICAL LIGHT FIXTURE
70. CENTER CONCOURSE, LEVEL 72.5, VIEW TO SOUTHWEST
71. CENTER CONCOURSE, VIEW TO SOUTH
72. CENTER CONCOURSE, VIEW TO NORTHEAST
73. CENTER CONCOURSE, VIEW TO NORTH
74. DETAIL, CENTER CONCOURSE, TYPICAL STOREFRONT, WEST SIDE
75. DETAIL, CENTER CONCOURSE, BRASS RAIL WITH GREEK KEY AND ROSETTES, VIEW NORTH TO SOUTH
76. DETAIL, CENTER CONCOURSE, BRASS RAIL
77. STEAM CONCOURSE, LEVEL 72.5, VIEW TO NORTHWEST
78. STEAM CONCOURSE, VIEW TO NORTHEAST
79. STEAM CONCOURSE, OVERALL VIEW TO SOUTHEAST
80. STEAM CONCOURSE, CENTER OPENING WITH CLOCK, LOOKING NORTH
81. STEAM CONCOURSE, ROYAL OAK ROOM ENTRY, VIEW TO EAST
82. STEAM CONCOURSE, BARBERSHOP ENTRY, VIEW TO EAST
83. STEAM CONCOURSE, WAITING ROOM TYPICAL ENTRY, VIEW TO WEST
84. DETAIL, STEAM CONCOURSE, COLUMNS, GRATE, MARBLE
85. DETAIL, STEAM CONCOURSE, TYPICAL BAY
86. DETAIL, STEAM CONCOURSE, FLUTED COLUMN, BRASS, MARBLE CORNICE
87. DETAIL, STEAM CONCOURSE, ENTABLATURE
88. DETAIL, STEAM CONCOURSE, TYPICAL STAIRS TO TRACK LEVEL, VIEW TO SOUTHEAST
89. DETAIL, STEAM CONCOURSE, TYPICAL BRASS STAIR RAILING
90. DETAIL, STEAM CONCOURSE, TYPICAL BRASS HEATING GRATE
91. DETAIL, STEAM CONCOURSE, TYPICAL BRASS VENTILATION GRATE
92. DETAIL, STEAM CONCOURSE, TYPICAL BRONZE LIGHT FIXTURE
93. DETAIL, STEAM CONCOURSE, PLASTER CEILING AND SKYLIGHT
94. WAITING ROOM, LEVEL 72.5, VIEW TO SOUTH
95. WAITING ROOM, VIEW TO SOUTH
96. DETAIL, WAITING ROOM, COLUMN AND CAPITAL, PLASTER AND ACCOUSTICAL TILE CEILING
97. DETAIL, WAITING ROOM, CEILING PATTERN AND COLUMN CAPITAL
98. DETAIL, WAITING ROOM, DECORATIVE PLASTER IN CEILING
99. EAST TRACTION CONCOURSE, LEVEL 72.5, VIEW TO SOUTH
100. EAST TRACTION CONCOURSE, VIEW TO NORTH WITH STOREFRONTS
101. EAST TRACTION CONCOURSE, STAIRWAY TO TRAIN PLATFORMS
102. EAST TRACTION CONCOURSE, TYPICAL STOREFRONT
103. DETAIL, EAST TRACTION CONCOURSE, TYPICAL COLUMN, VAULTED CEILING DETAILS
104. DETAIL, EAST TRACTION CONCOURSE, VAULTED PLASTER CEILING
105. ENGLISH OAK ROOM, LEVEL 72.5, VIEW TO NORTHEAST
106. ENGLISH OAK ROOM, VIEW TO SOUTHWEST
107. DETAIL, ENGLISH OAK ROOM, TYPICAL ELEVATION SHOWING FLOOR, PANELING, PILASTERS, CORNICE
108. DETAIL, ENGLISH OAK ROOM, COLUMN MILLWORK, PANELING, GRATE
109. DETAIL, ENGLISH OAK ROOM, TYPICAL COLUMN, FLOOR, PANELING, CORNICE, CEILING
110. DETAIL, ENGLISH OAK ROOM, TYPICAL COLUMN CAPITAL, PLASTER CEILING PATTERN
111. DETAIL, ENGLISH OAK ROOM, PANELING, GRATES, CEILING, LIGHT FIXTURE
112. DETAIL, ENGLISH OAK ROOM, FOYER PLASTER CEILING
113. DETAIL, ENGLISH OAK ROOM, MARBLE FLOOR
114. DETAIL, ENGLISH OAK ROOM, KITCHEN AREA, VIEW TO SOUTH
115. DETAIL, ENGLISH OAK ROOM, KITCHEN AREA, VIEW TO NORTHWEST
116. DETAIL, ENGLISH OAK ROOM, KITCHEN AREA, VIEW TO NORTHEAST
117. DETAIL, ENGLISH OAK ROOM, REPRESENTATIVE VIEW OF FOOD PREPARATION AREA
118. DETAIL, ENGLISH OAK ROOM, KITCHEN CORRIDOR TO REFRIGERATION FACILITIES, VIEW TO EAST
119. WEST TRACTION CONCOURSE, LEVEL 72.5, VIEW NORTH TO SOUTH
120. WEST TRACTION CONCOURSE, VIEW SOUTH TO NORTH
121. DETAIL, WEST TRACTION CONCOURSE, TYPICAL STOREFRONT
122. DETAIL, WEST TRACTION CONCOURSE, TYPICAL COLUMNS
123. DETAIL, WEST TRACTION CONCOURSE, VAULTED PLASTER CEILING
124. RAILROAD FACILITIES, LEVEL 72.5, TYPICAL EQUIPMENT ROOM, VIEW TO SOUTHWEST
125. RAILROAD FACILITIES, TYPICAL CORRIDOR
126. RAILROAD FACILITIES, TRUCKING PASSAGE, LEVEL 72.5, VIEW TO EAST
127. RAILROAD FACILITIES, TRUCKING PASSAGE, VIEW TO WEST
128. RAILROAD FACILITIES, TRUCKING PASSAGE, LOADING DOCK, VIEW TO NORTH
129. RAILROAD FACILITIES, TRUCKING PASSAGE, TYPICAL MEN'S LAVATORY, VIEW TO EAST
130. RAILROAD FACILITIES, TRUCKING PASSAGE, VIEW TO WEST
131. RAILROAD FACILITIES, TRUCKING PASSAGE, WOOD PAVERS, VIEW TO NORTH
132. RAILROAD FACILITIES, TRUCKING PASSAGE, MAIL AND BAGGAGE LOADING AREA, VIEW TO EAST
133. PARCEL HANDLING SPACE OF POST OFFICE BUILDING, LEVEL 72.5, NORTH OF TRUCKING PASSAGE MAIL TRANSPORT AREA, VIEW TO NORTHWEST
134. DETAIL, PARCEL HANDLING SPACE, MAIL HANDLING EQUIPMENT, VIEW TO SOUTH
135. TRANSIT SPACE, LEVEL 50, STATION APPROACH, VIEW TO EAST
136. TRANSIT SPACE, OVERALL VIEW OF RAIL AREA, VIEW TO EAST TO WEST
137. TRANSIT SPACE, TYPICAL 'RED LINE' PLATFORM, VIEW WEST TO EAST
138. TRANSIT SPACE, TYPICAL 'GREEN LINE' OR 'SHAKER RAPID', VIEW TO EAST
139. FORMER TRACK AREA AND COACH YARD, LEVEL 50, WEST APPROACH, VIEW WEST TO EAST
140. FORMER TRACK AREA, LEVEL 50, TYPICAL PASSENGER TRAIN PLATFORM AREA, VIEW WEST TO EAST
141. FORMER TRACK AREA, PASSENGER TRAIN PLATFORM AREA, VIEW TO SOUTHWEST
142. DETAIL, FORMER TRACK AREA, TRAIN SERVICE ELEVATOR
143. Copy of Construction Photograph (from Tower City Archives, Cleveland, Ohio) EXCAVATION OF WEST APPROACH, VIEW WEST TO EAST
144. Copy of Construction Photograph (from Tower City Archives, Cleveland, Ohio) EXCAVATION OF TRACK AREA, CONSTRUCTION OF ARCADE, VIEW WEST TO EAST
145. Copy of Construction Photograph (from Tower City Archives, Cleveland, Ohio) CONSTRUCTION OF EAST TRACTION CONCOURSE, VIEW EAST TO WEST
146. Copy of Construction Photograph (from Tower City Archives) CONSTRUCTION OF CENTER CONCOURSE AND ARCADE, VIEW SOUTH TO NORTH
147. Copy of Construction Photograph (from Tower City Archives) CONSTRUCTION OF WEST TRACTION CONCOURSE, VIEW SOUTH TO NORTH
148. Copy of Construction Photograph (from Tower City Archives) EXCAVATION AND CONSTRUCTION OF TRACK AREA, VIEW WEST TO EAST
149. Copy of Construction Photograph (from Tower City Archives) CONSTRUCTION OF PROSPECT AVENUE AT LEVEL 100, VIEW SOUTHWEST TO NORTHEAST
150. Copy of Aerial Photograph (from Tower City Archives) THE SITE UNDER CONSTRUCTION WITH CONCEPTUAL IMAGE OF THE RESS BUILDING, VIEW NORTH TO SOUTH
151. Copy of Aerial Photograph (from Tower City Archives) THE SITE AFTER COMPLETION, VIEW NORTHWEST TO SOUTHEAST
152. Copy of Louis Rosenberg Etching (original in the Tower City Development Office, Cleveland, Ohio) SOUTH ELEVATION FROM ACROSS THE CUYAHOGA RIVER, VIEW TO NORTH
153. Copy of Louis Rosenberg Etching (original in the Tower City Development Office, Cleveland, Ohio) TERMINAL TOWER UNDER CONSTRUCTION, PUBLIC SQUARE ELEVATION, VIEW NORTHWEST TO SOUTHEAST
154. Copy of Louis Rosenberg Etching (original in the Tower City Development Office) THE STATION AREA UNDER CONSTRUCTION, TEMPORARY BRIDGES, VIEW WEST TO EAST
155. Copy of Louis Rosenberg Etching (original in the Tower City Development Office) EXCAVATION OF TRACK AREA TO THE SOUTH OF HURON ROAD, VIEW WEST TO EAST
156. Copy of Louis Rosenberg Etching (original in the Tower City Development Office) THE STEAM CONCOURSE UNDER CONSTRUCTION, PROSPECT AVENUE, VIEW EAST TO WEST
157. Copy of Louis Rosenberg Etching (original in the Tower City Development Office) TERMINAL TOWER UNDER CONSTRUCTION, STEEL FRAMEWORK OF THE SOUTHWEST WING, VIEW WEST TO EAST
158. Copy of Louis Rosenberg Etching (original in the Tower City Development Office) TERMINAL TOWER UNDER CONSTRUCTION, PUBLIC SQUARE FACADE, VIEW WEST TO EAST
159. Copy of Original Linen Drawing (from Tower City Archives) FLOOR PLAN OF LEVEL 72.5
160. Copy of Original Linen Drawing (from Tower City Archives) FLOOR PLAN OF LEVEL 85
161. Copy of Original Linen Drawing (from Tower City Archives) FLOOR PLAN OF LEVEL 100


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