Superior Avenue Viaduct, Cleveland East & West side, Cuyahoga Valley Vicini, Cleveland, Cuyahoga County, OH
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Cuyahoga Valley Vicini, Cleveland, OH
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Documentation compiled after 1968.
Survey number HAER OH-7
Building/structure dates: 1878 initial construction
Significance: The Superior Avenue Viaduct was the first high-level bridge to connect Cleveland's East and West Sides over the Cuyahoga River Valley. The viaduct was a combination iron and masonry structure, 3,211 feet long, with a swing span over the river. All but eight stones arches and the viaduct's west abutment have been removed. A local group is working to restore the viaduct for use as a city park.
Historic American Engineering Record (Library of Congress)
1. View looking north of 83 foot masonry arch. This was Cleveland's first 'high level' bridge. It connected the east and west sides of Cleveland.
2. View looking Northeast. The masonry section of the viaduct, west of the river, was 1,382 feet long and consisted of eight segmental arches of 83 foot span and two segmental arches of 97.5 foot span plus intervening sections of retaining wall. Eight of the Masonry arches, made of Berea Sandstone, still stand
3. View looking Northwest. Viaduct was a combination masonry and iron truss structure with a swing span over the Cuyahoga River. Only the masonry section, west of the river, still stands.
4. View in foreground of the deck of the Viaduct. The ornamental wrought iron railing, sandstone sidewalks, and cobblestone roadway are visible. The bridge accommodated two streetcar lines flanked by two lanes of vehicular traffic. In the background is the Detroit- Superior High Level Bridge, which replaced the viaduct. View is looking Southwest.
5. Copy of an early view of the bridge (undated). Photo courtesy of the Cleveland Public Library.
6. Copy of a photograph of the bridge taken on June 5, 1912. Photo courtesy The Cleveland Press.
7. Copy of Plan and Elevation of Superior Viaduct, drawing courtesy Engineering Department., City of Cleveland.
8. Copy of Superior St. Viaduct, Plan and Elevation. Drawing courtesy of Engineering Department, City of Cleveland
9. Copy of side elevation and plan of Superior Avenue Viaduct Drawing courtesy of Engineering Department, City of Cleveland.
10. View showing viaduct arches. Drawing courtesy of Engineering Department, City of Cleveland.
11. Copy of 'Stresst-sheet for Trussess of Draw span, Superior Avenue Viaduct, Summary.' Drawing courtesy Engineering Dept., City of Cleveland.
12. Copy of 'General Plan of Turinging Machinery, Superior St. Viaduct.' Drawing courtesy Engineering Dept., City of Cleveland.
13. Copy of Superior Ave. Viaduct, Details, Turntable.' Drawing courtesy Engineering Depart., City of Cleveland.
14. View showing detail of truss (unidentified). Drawing courtesy Engineering Department, City of Cleveland.
15. Stress Sheet, Truss number 2, span number 6, Superior Avenue viaduct. Drawing courtesy Engineering Dept., City of Cleveland.
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