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Detroit Superior High Level Bridge, Cleveland, Cuyahoga County, OH



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Item Title


Location
Cleveland, OH

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Created/Published
Documentation compiled after 1968.

Notes
Survey number HAER OH-6
Significance: The Detroit-Superior High Level Bridge is a combination reinforced-concrete and steel structure with a total length of 2,880 feet. The double-deck bridge was designed to carry four lanes of traffic on the upper roadway and six street railway tracks on the lower deck. The center span over the river was a 591-foot three-hinged steel arch of Pratt truss design. At the time of its completion in 1917, the Detroit-Superior Bridge held the record as the third longest steel arch in the country. The bridge also received attention for its unusual subway approaches beneath the streets at each end of the bridge. The lower streetcar deck was abandoned in 1955.

Collection
Historic American Engineering Record (Library of Congress)

Contents
Photograph caption(s): 
1. View,looking east,of the deck of the bridge taken from the intersection of w. 25th Street and Detroit Avenue. The bridge connects the city's east and west side over the Cuyahoga River Valley. Photograph illustrates the flared approaches designed to accommodate an, open well, through which streetcars could enter the bridge's lower level. This plan was later abandoned after construction had already begun, in favor of short subways that would carry the streetcars west beneath Detroit Avenue for a distance of 725 feet and south beneath W. 25th St. for a distance of 560 feet.
2. View of pier #3, West approach, Detroit Superior High Level bridge (1914-1917). Pier #3 and #4 support the steel rive span. They are 116 feet by 80 feet at the base and rest on stiff blue clay 45 feet below the surface of the river. Cast-steel bolsters of the three-hinge steel arch are anchored by structural steel grillage to the masory piers.
3. View locking east of 591 foot steel arch of bridge. Arch consists of Pratt trusses divided into twenty-four, 24 foot, 7 inch panels. It was fabricated by the King Iron Bridge Company of Cleveland whose circular plaque can be seen where the arch meets the roadway. The steel arch was erected by the Berro construction Co. of Chicago.
4. View looking east of lower streecar deck of concrete approach spans. The lower deck was designed to carry six street railway tracks; only four were ever installed. The lower deck had a vertical clearance of 15 feet.
5. View looking west of bridge spans. Each reinforced concrete arch of the approach spans (12 in all) consist of four arch ribs, as this photograph illustrates.
6. View looking east of north elevation. IN the foreground is the ornamental wrought iron railing of the old Superior Avenue Viaduct.
7. View showing reinforced concrete arch, east approach. The 591 foot three-hinge steel arch that spans the Cuyahoga River is flanked by twelve such approach arches. Each concrete arch consists of four arch ribs, which support the beam and slab streetcar deck on spandrel columns. As the photograph illustrates, the spandrel columns continue above the lower deck to support the roadway.
8. View looking east of lower streecar deck of 591 foot steel arch. Photograph shows the construction of the upper roadway. The streecar level was abandoned in 1954. The subway wells were were sealed the following year.
9. View of bridge looking west. A fund-raising marathon is in prgress. The traffic levels outside the main arch were added in 1965 when the bridge underwent extensive rehabilitation.
10. copy of a construction progress photograph taken by the Hunkin-Conkey Construction Company, dated October 25, 1916. Photo shows the reinforced concrete subway deck as it appeared shortly after construction. A portion of arch number 12, can be see. Photo courtesy of Cleveland Public Library.
11. Short subways led to the lower deck of the Detroit-Superior Bridge. Street cars entered the subways through open wells located in the center of the roadways. This undated photograph shows the Superior Avenue entrance. The view is looking west. Photograph courtesy Office of the Cuyahoga County Engineer in Cleveland, Ohio.
12. Subway station, Detroit Superior Bridge. Copy of a photograph dated August 15, 1939, courtesy the Cleveland Press, Cleveland, Ohio. Subway platform pictured was entered by a stairwell at the southeast corner of Detroit Avenue and W. 25th Street.
13. A streetcar crosses the Cuyahoga River in the waning days of Cleveland's trolley age. Copy of photograph taken by Herbert H. Harwood, Jr., Baltimore, Maryland, photo courtesy Mr. Harwood
14. Southeast end of Detroit-Superior bridge. Eastbound Madison Avenue streetcar. copy of a photograph taken by Herbert H. Harwood,Jr., January 1954. Photo courtesy Herbert H. Harwood, Baltimore, MD.
15. Copy of drawing showing general plan and elevation (July 12,1912; revised Feb. 20, 1914). Drawing courtesy Office of the Cuyahoga County Engineer, Cleveland, Ohio.
16. West approach and arch number three dated Apr. 22, 1913. Drawing courtesy Office of the Cuyahoga County Engineer, Cleveland, OH.
17. West approach to bridge showing arch number 1 and typical cross section (Apr. 3, 1913). Drawing courtesy office of the Cuyahoga County Engineer, Cleveland, Ohio.
18. Detroit Superior Bridge, Foundation for west pier of river span, dated 2/4/14. Drawing courtesy Office of the Cuyahoga County Engineer, Cleveland, Ohio.
19. Stress sheet for the river span dated 7/13/12; revised Oct. 18 and 21, 1912. Drawing courtesy Office of the Cuyahoga County Engineer, Cleveland, Ohio.
20. Drawing of lower deck plan, west approach dated August 7,1916. Drawing courtesy Office of the Cuyahoga county Engineer, Cleveland, Ohio.
21. Upper deck plan, west approach to bridge dated 7/25/16. Photograph courtesy Office of the Cuyahoga County Engineer, Cleveland, Ohio.
22. General arrangement and details of Shelter house over ramp at W. 25th St. and Detroit Ave.,dated 1-20-17; revised 5-25-17.). Drawing courtesy Office of the Cuyahoga County Engineer, Cleveland, Ohio.
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