Abbey Avenue Viaduct, Spanning Walworth Valley at Abbey Avenue, Cleveland, Cuyahoga County, OH
Photo Caption Pages
Spanning Walworth Valley at Abbey Avenue, Cleveland, OH
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Documentation compiled after 1968.
Survey number HAER OH-5
Building/structure dates: 1888 initial construction
Building/structure dates: 1950 subsequent work
Significance: The Abbey Avenue Viaduct was built as part of Cleveland's Central Viaduct, linking the downtown commercial district with the city's South Side. It is 1,092 feet long and consists of 23 iron and steel pin-connected Pratt deck trusses supported on metal towers which, in turn, are supported on masonry piers. The viaduct thus represents a type of bridge construction that was common during the late nineteenth century. The Abbey Avenue Viaduct survives virtually intact, however, at a time when most such bridges have long been replaced. The superstructure was fabricated by the King Iron Bridge Co., a Cleveland firm that enjoyed a national reputation as fabricators of metal truss bridges.
King Iron Bridge Company
Historic American Engineering Record (Library of Congress)
1. General view of underside of Abbey-Avenue branch of the Central viaduct (1886-1888), looking East. This bridge, like the rest of the viaduct, consists of a series of iron and steel spans, supported on iron towers resting on cut-stone foundations. The stairway visible in the photograph led from Scranton Avenue on the valley floor to the bridge deck.
2. General view of last remaining section of the Central Viaduct, built by the city of Cleveland as a link between the commercial district and the city's South Side. The Abbey Avenue bridge carried Abbey Avenue over Walworth Run and the tracks of the Nickel Plate and Big Four Railroads. The steel and iron bridge, 1,092 feet long, was fabricated and erected by the nationally-famous King Bridge Company of Cleveland.
3. View looking down deck of Abbey Avenue Viaduct to the east. Bridge floor, curbs, and railing date from a reconstruction project of 1950.
4. View of underside of viaduct looking east from valley floor showing the tower assemblies on which the bridge is supported.
5. Detail view of viaduct underside showing cut-stone tower support and pin connected Pratt deck truss.
6. View of Abbey Avenue Viaduct looking Northeast. The longest span of the viaduct, 120 feet in length, consists of a pin connected Pratt deck truss supported on a metal trestle.
7. Abbey Avenue Viaduct, view looking north. The viaduct, with a total length of 1,092 feet, consists of 23 spans varying in length from 30 to 120 feet.
8. View showing concrete footings for viaduct legs.
9. View of viaduct showing truss support for deck
10. Copy of a photo of the bridge taken shortly after completion. photo courtesy the Cleveland Public Library
11. Drawing of viaduct plan showing a portion of the elevated roadway or bridge superstructure. Drawing courtesy of Engineering Department, City of Cleveland.
12. Copy of shop drawing No. 114 for 30' span (2 panels) of central viaduct, Walworth Run portion, prepared by the King Bridge and Mfg. Co., 1886. Drawing courtesy of Engineering Department, City of Cleveland.
13. Copy of shop drawing No. 100 for 98' Walworth Run span of the central viaduct, prepared by the King Iron Bridge end Mfg. Co., 1886. Drawing courtesy of Engineering Department, City of Cleveland.
14. Drawing showing stress for central viaduct, Walworth Run portion 1885. Drawing courtesy Engineering Department, City of Cleveland.
15. STRUCTURAL DETAILS, DATED 1886
16. STRUCTURAL DETAILS, DATED 1887
17. SUBSTRUCTURE PLAN AND SECTION, DATED 1885
18. GIRDER AND CONNECTION DETAILS, DATED 1886 19. 'GENERAL FLOOR BEAM FOR 135' SPAN', JUNE 22, 1887
20. SUPERSTRUCTURE PLAN AND SECTION
21. FOUNDATION FOR STAIRS AT SCRANTON AVENUE
22. PLAN OF WEST ABUTMENT AS BUILT
23. METHOD OF SUPPORT OVER SEWER
24. STRAIN SHEET OF TOWERS, 1885 25. 'OCCUPATION' PLAN, 1886
26. STRAIN SHEET OF TRUSSES
27. GENERAL PLAN OF STAIRWAY AT SCRANTON AVENUE
28. DETAIL PLAN OF STAIRWAY AT SCRANTON AVENUE
29. STRAIN SHEET OF TOWERS, 1886
30. STAIRWAY, 1888 (PLAN AND SECTIONS)
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