Historic Photographs

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New%252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252BYork

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Governors Island, Fort Columbus, New York Harbor, New York, New York County, NY



B&W Photos

HB871892
Historic American Buildings Survey, E

HB871893
Historic American Buildings Survey, E

HB871894
Historic American Buildings Survey, E

HB871895
Historic American Buildings Survey, E

HB871896
Historic American Buildings Survey, E

HB871897
Historic American Buildings Survey, E

HB871898
Historic American Buildings Survey, E

HB871899
Historic American Buildings Survey, E

HB871900
Historic American Buildings Survey, E

HB871901
Historic American Buildings Survey, E

HB871902
Aerial View, Looking Northwest

HB871903
Aerial View, Looking Northeast

HB871904
Aerial View, Looking North-northwest

HB871905
Aerial View, Looking Southwest

HB871906
Aerial View, Looking North

HB871907
East Entrance, Looking Northwest

HB871908
East Entrance Detail

HB871909
Interior Detail Of East Entrance

HB871910
West Entrance, Looking North

HB871911
West Wall, Looking Southeast

HB871912
Casements, East Retired Fland, Looking West

HB871913
Interior Of Courtyard, Looking Southwest

HB871914
Gun Placement, Near East Entrance

HB871915
Northwest Corner

HB871916
Southwest Corner, Looking Northwest

HB871917
Courtyard, Looking Northwest

HB871918
Northeast Corners, Buildings #202 And 204

HB871919
Building #213, Northwest Corner

HB871920
Building #207, Northeast Corner

HB871921
North Front, Building #207

HB871922
Southwest Corners, Buildings #206 And #210

HB871923
Building #201, Monumental Entrance, South Side

HB871924
Building #201, Monumental Entrance And Plan Of Monumental Entrance And Arch (photocopy Of Drawing)

HB871925
Building #215, Water Proofing Plans, Elevations And Sections (photocopy Of Drawing)


Data Pages


Drawings


Photo Caption Pages


Item Title


Location
New York Harbor, New%252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252BYork, NY

Find maps of New%252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252BYork, NY


Created/Published
Documentation compiled after 1933.

Notes
Survey number HABS NY-4-6
Unprocessed field note material exists for this structure (FN-33, FN-34, FN-35).
Building/structure dates: 1797 initial construction
Building/structure dates: 1832 subsequent work
National Register Number: 85002435
Significance: Constructed on the site of an earlier defense work in the years 1806-1809, Fort Columbus, renamed Fort Jay in 1904, was one of the largest fortifications in the defense system that effectively defended New York City and its harbor during the War of 1812. This four-bastioned fort, which differed somewhat from the earlier work, was modeled on precedents with their roots in Europe. Alterations in its design may have been the work of Lieutenant-Colonel Jonathon Williams, the Army's Chief Engineer and first superintendent of the U.S. Military Academy at West Point, who directed the fortification of New York Harbor. Its construction of massive masonry walls was typical of American fortifications erected in the years just prior to the War of 1812 under what came to be known as the Second American System of fortifications. Today, the structure remains as one of the country's best preserved fortifications of its type.

Related Names
Vincent, M.


Collection
Historic American Buildings Survey (Library of Congress)

Contents
Photograph caption(s): 
1. Historic American Buildings Survey, E. P. McFarland, Photographer March 15, 1934, EAST SALLYPORT.
2. Historic American Buildings Survey, E. P. McFarland, Photographer March 15, 1934, EAST SALLYPORT AND SCARP WALL (VIEW FROM SOUTHWEST).
3. Historic American Buildings Survey, E. P. McFarland, Photographer March 15, 1934, VIEW FROM SOUTHWEST BASTION.
4. Historic American Buildings Survey, E. P. McFarland, Photographer March 15, 1934, VIEW THRU PASSAGE TO EAST SALLYPORT.
5. Historic American Buildings Survey, E. P. McFarland, Photographer March 15, 1934, DETAIL OF WEST BUILDING (PASSAGE TO WEST SALLYPORT).
6. Historic American Buildings Survey, E. P. McFarland, Photographer March 15, 1934, SOUTHEAST STOREHOUSE (VIEW FROM QUADRANGLE) RAMP TO TERREPLEIN.
7. Historic American Buildings Survey, E. P. McFarland, Photographer March 15, 1934, EAST BUILDING (WEST ELEVATION).
8. Historic American Buildings Survey, E. P. McFarland, Photographer March 15, 1934, OBSERVATION POST AT EAST SALLYPORT.
9. Historic American Buildings Survey, E. P. McFarland, Photographer March 15, 1934, WEST SALLYPORT (VIEW FROM DITCH).
10. Historic American Buildings Survey, E. P. McFarland, Photographer March 15, 1934, MAGAZINE COURT -- DOOR TO CELL (SOUTH WALL).
11. AERIAL VIEW, LOOKING NORTHWEST
12. AERIAL VIEW, LOOKING NORTHEAST
13. AERIAL VIEW, LOOKING NORTH-NORTHWEST
14. AERIAL VIEW, LOOKING SOUTHWEST
15. AERIAL VIEW, LOOKING NORTH
16. EAST ENTRANCE, LOOKING NORTHWEST
17. EAST ENTRANCE DETAIL
18. INTERIOR DETAIL OF EAST ENTRANCE
19. WEST ENTRANCE, LOOKING NORTH
20. WEST WALL, LOOKING SOUTHEAST
21. CASEMENTS, EAST RETIRED FLAND, LOOKING WEST
22. INTERIOR OF COURTYARD, LOOKING SOUTHWEST
23. GUN PLACEMENT, NEAR EAST ENTRANCE
24. NORTHWEST CORNER
25. SOUTHWEST CORNER, LOOKING NORTHWEST
26. COURTYARD, LOOKING NORTHWEST
27. NORTHEAST CORNERS, BUILDINGS #202 and 204
28. BUILDING #213, NORTHWEST CORNER
29. BUILDING #207, NORTHEAST CORNER
30. NORTH FRONT, BUILDING #207
31. SOUTHWEST CORNERS, BUILDINGS #206 and #210
32. BUILDING #201, MONUMENTAL ENTRANCE, SOUTH SIDE
33. BUILDING #201, MONUMENTAL ENTRANCE AND PLAN OF MONUMENTAL ENTRANCE AND ARCH (PHOTOCOPY OF DRAWING)
34. BUILDING #215, WATER PROOFING PLANS, ELEVATIONS AND SECTIONS (PHOTOCOPY OF DRAWING)


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