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Lockport

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New York State Barge Canal, Lockport Locks, Richmond Avenue, Lockport, Niagara County, NY



B&W Photos

HB908148

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Item Title


Location
Richmond Avenue, Lockport, NY

Find maps of Lockport, NY


Created/Published
Documentation compiled after 1968.

Notes
Survey number HAER NY-61
Unprocessed field note material exists for this structure (N1076).
Building/structure dates: 1817 initial construction
Building/structure dates: 1836 subsequent work
Building/structure dates: 1909 subsequent work
Significance: Locks 67-71 (north flight) comprise a rare 19th-century example of multiple locks directly connected into a flight and an in-situ example of once-common cut-stone lock construction. This flight is the most complete surviving artifact from the enlarged Erie Canal, the second version of the first major transportation artery between the East Coast and the Great Lakes. Locks 34 and 35 form an excellent example of early 20th-century concrete, electrically powered lock design, and they pioneered methods also used on the Panama Canal. The site is unique in having these two designs together.

Subjects
Canals
Stone Walls
Locks (hydraulic Facilities)


Related Names
Holland Land Company
Evershed, Thomas
Roberts, Nathan S.
Lee, Larry
Lowe, Jet
Behrens, Thomas


Collection
Historic American Engineering Record (Library of Congress)

Contents
Photograph caption(s): 
1. AERIAL VIEW OF LOCKPORT, LOOKING SOUTHWEST. NEW YORK STATE BARGE CANAL (ERIE CANAL) RUNNING THROUGH CENTER OF PHOTO. LOCKPORT LOCKS IN UPPER CENTER OF PHOTOGRAPH.
2. AERIAL VIEW OF LOCKPORT LOOKING NORTHEAST. LOCKS VISIBLE IN IN UPPER RIGHT SIDE OF PHOTOGRAPH.
3. LOCKPORT LOCKS. 19TH CENTURY LOCKS VISIBLE ON RIGHT. ELECTRIC LIFT LOCKS (1909-1918) VISIBLE ON LEFT.
4. LOOKING NORTHEAST TOWARDS LOCKS. 19TH CENTURY GRAVITY LOCKS ON RIGHT. 20TH CENTURY ELECTRIC LIFT LOCKS ON LEFT.
OVERALL VIEW LOOKING SOUTHWEST TAKEN FROM RAILROAD BRIDGE LOOKING AT THE OLD AND NEW CANAL LOCKS. NOTE THE PINE STREET BRIDGE CROSSING OVER BOTH SETS OF LOCKS.
TIGHTER VIEW, LOOKING SOUTHWEST OF OLD AND NEW LOOKS EMPLOYING 600MM LENS, VISUAL EMPHASIS PLACED ON FLIGHT OF FIVE FROM RAILROAD BRIDGE.
VIEW LOOKING SOUTH SOUTHWEST AT THE BASE OF THE LOCKS. THE ERIE CANAL MUSEUM (FORMER LOCK POWER PLANT) IS THE STRUCTURE IN THE CENTER OF THE VIEW.
VIEW LOOKING SOUTH SOUTHWEST AT THE DOWNSTREAM ENTRANCE INTO LOCK 67. NOTE THE BEDDING TIMBERS AT BASE OF STONE WORK. THEY ARE EXPOSED ONLY AT LOW WATER.
VIEW LOOKING NORTHEAST, LOCK 35 IS ON THE RIGHT. CANAL WORKERS ARE CLEANING TRASH GRATES TO LOCK 35 WATER INLET. ENTRANCE TO OLD LOCK 71 ON LEFT. NOTE THE SEDIMENT BUILD UP IN THE ENTRANCE CHANNEL TO OLD LOCK 71.
DETAIL OF DOCKING CLEAT FASTENED TO NORTH WALL BEFORE THE UPSTREAM ENTRANCE TO THE FLIGHT OF FIVE LOCKS.
DETAIL OF IRON ROPE GUIDE IN NORTH WALL NEAR LOCK 71.
VIEW SOUTH SOUTHWEST LOOKING UPSTREAM FROM ENTRANCE TO LOCKS 35 AND 71. THE BRIDGE IN THE VIEW IS NOTED FOR ITS EXTRAORDINARY WIDTH (475 FT.) RELATIVE TO ITS MODEST SPAN (116 FT. 10 IN.). WHEN CONSTRUCTED IN 1914 IT WAS CLAIMED TO BE THE WIDEST BRIDGE IN THE WORLD. MAIN STREET CROSSES IT DIAGONALLY, ALONG WITH TWO CROSS STREETS.
VIEW LOOKING DOWN STREAM FROM THE LOCK COMPLEX ACCESS ROAD (FORMER TOW PATH). THE UPSTREAM ENTRANCE TO THE FLIGHT OF FIVE LOCKS IS CENTER AND CENTER RIGHT IN THE VIEW. THE ENTRANCE TO THE HYDRAULIC RACE CONTROL VALVES ARE TO LEFT IN THE VIEW.
DETAIL OF HYDRAULIC RACE CONTROL VALVE ENTRANCE, NORTH WALL
VIEW LOOKING NORTHEAST SHOWING THE TRASH GRATE THAT REPLACED THE LOCK GATES TO LOCK 71 WHEN THE FLIGHT OF FIVE WAS CONVERTED TO A SPILLWAY AFTER THE LARGER LOCKS, 34 AND 35, WERE PUT INTO OPERATION. THE SHOVEL TRUCK IN THE VIEW IS USED TO CLEAR DEBRIS.
VIEW LOOKING NORTHEAST FROM THE MAIN STREET BRIDGE (THE "BIG BRIDGE") AT THE UPSTREAM ENTRANCE TO THE LOCK COMPLEX AND THE LOCK 35 ENTRANCE GATES. NOTE HYDRAULIC RACE INLET AT FAR LEFT.
VIEW LOOKING NORTHEAST INTO LOCK 71. NOTE THE SEDIMENT BUILD UP. THIS IS BY DESIGN, NOT ONLY ARE THE OLDER LOCKS USED AS AN OVERFLOW SPILLWAY FOR THE CURRENT LOCKS, THEY ARE ALSO USED FOR SEDIMENT AND DEBRIS CONTROL.
VIEW LOOKING SOUTHWEST INTO LOCK 71. NOTE THE CONCRETE WALL WITH GATE-VALVED INLETS AT THE BOTTOM, BUILT AT THE LOCATION OF THE FORMER LOCK GATES. THE INLETS CONTROL THE VOLUME OF WATER PASSING THROUGH THE SPILLWAY TO MANAGE THE WATER FLOW TO THE DOWNSTREAM PORTION OF THE CANAL.
VIEW LOOKING NORTHEAST INTO LOCK 70. THE FLAT BRIDGE IN THE FOREGROUND IS A LATER ADDITION TO FACILITATE VEHICULAR AND EQUIPMENT ACCESS TO THE LOCK TENDERS OFFICE AND THE UPPER LOCK AREA.
DETAIL VIEW OF LOCK WALL RECESS AT THE DOWNSTREAM END OF LOCK 70. THE RECESS,TYPICAL OF BOTH WALLS IN ALL OF THE LOCKS, PROVIDED SPACE FOR OPEN LOCK GATES TO ALLOW UNIMPEDED PASSAGE OF LOCK TRAFFIC.
VIEW LOOKING NORTHEAST UNDER THE PINE STREET BRIDGE. THE GRASSY AREA IN THE MIDDLE IS THE LOCATION OF THE FORMER FLIGHT OF FIVE LOCKS THAT CARRIED THE DOWNSTREAM, EASTBOUND, CANAL TRAFFIC. THE CUT-STONE WALL IS AN EXTANT REMNANT OF THE LOCKS.
PERSPECTIVE LOOKING NORTH NORTHEAST THROUGH LOCKS 70 (FOREGROUND), 69, 68, 67 (EXTERME BACKGROUND).
VIEW LOOKING NORTHEAST THROUGH BARGE CANAL LOCK 34. THE VIEW ALSO SHOWS A PIN CONNECTION OF ONE OF THE PINE STREEET BRIGE ARCHES AT THE SOUTH ABUTMENT.
DETAIL VIEW LOOKING NORTH NORTHEAST AT THE EXTANT METAL HARDWARE FOR THE LOCK 70 LOWER GATES. THE VIEW ALSO SHOWS ONE OF THE THREE EXTANT ARCHED FOOT BRIDGES SPANNING THE OLD LOCKS THAT DATE FROM THE MID-1800s.
VIEW LOOKING WEST THROUGH LOCK 70. NOTE THE EXTANT HARDWARE EMBEDED IN THE TOP OF THE LOCK WALLS, THE RECESSES IN THE LOCK WALLS, AND THE LATER-ERA CONCRETE WEIR APPROXIMATELY WHERE THE LOCK GATE SHOULD BE.
VIEW LOOKING WEST THROUGH PART OF LOCK 69 AT THE CONCRETE WEIR IN THE FORMER GATE POSITION BETWEEN LOCKS 69 AND 70. NOTE THE WATER INLET PORTS AT THE BASE OF THE NORTH WALL OF LOCK 69.
VIEW LOOKING SOUTHWEST FROM THE PINE STREET BRIDGE. VIEW SHOWS LOCK 35 AT LEFT, THE LOCK KEEPER'S OFFICE IN THE CENTER, AND LOCKS 70 AND 71 IN THE FOREGROUND AND CENTER RIGHT.
VIEW LOOKING SOUTHWEST FROM THE FOOT BRIDGE SPANNING LOCK 67 TOWARD LOCKS 68 AND 69.
VIEW LOOKING NORTHEAST FROM THE PINE STREET BRIDGE. THE LOCK ACCESS ROAD (FORMER TOW PATH) IS AT THE EXTREME LEFT, AND LOCKS 69 THROUGH 67 ARE IN THE CENTER LEFT, THE LOCK MACHINE SHOP IS IN THE MID-GROUND CENTER, AND THE ERIE CANAL MUSEUM (FORMER LOCK POWER PLANT) IN THE BACKGROUND CENTER. THE BARGE CANAL LOCK 34 IS AT THE EXTREME RIGHT.
VIEW LOOKING NORTHEAST FROM THE VEHICLE ACCESS BRIDGE TO THE LOWER END OF THE LOCK COMPLEX. THIS VIEW IS LOOKING THROUGH LOCK 67. NOTE THE ERIE CANAL MUSEUM (FORMER POWER PLANT) ON THE RIGHT.
DETAIL VIEW LOOKING EAST. VIEW SHOWS AN INCLINED SEGMENT OF THE TOW PATH RUNNING PARALLEL TO LOCK 67. THE BOAT ON DISPLAY IS THE CANAL INSPECTION BOAT LOCKPORT.
DETAIL VIEW LOOKING SOUTHWEST. VIEW IS SHOWING INDENTATION IN THE IRON RAILING CREATED FROM REPEATED PRESSURE FROM BARGE ROPES DURING THE LOCKING PROCESS.
DETAIL VIEW OF THE FOOT BRIDGE SPANNING LOCK 67. THIS VIEW SHOWS THE CANAL WALL AND BRIDGE ABUTMENT DETAILS.
DETAIL VIEW OF IRON RAILING AND NEWEL POST ON THE NORTH SIDE OF LOCK 67. NOTE THE TAPER ON THE TOP OF THE NEWEL POST, THIS WAS MOST LIKELY TO PREVENT THE ROPES THAT PASSED FROM THE BARGES TO THE TOWPATH FROM GETTING HUNG UP AT THE TOP OF THE POST.
DETAIL VIEW OF IRON RAILING ON THE NORTH SIDE OF LOCK 67 AT THE INTERSECTION OF THE STAIRS AND THE FOOT BRIDGE.
VIEW LOOKING EAST THROUGH LOCKS 69 AND 68. VIEW SHOWS EXTANT GATE MOUNTING HARDWARE EMBEDED IN THE NORTH LOCK WALL, A FOOT BRIDGE SPANNING THE LOCK, THE MACHINE SHOP, AND THE ERIE CANAL MUSEUM (FORMER POWER PLANT).
VIEW LOOKING SOUTHEAST FROM THE INCLINED TOW PATH ADJACENT TO LOCK 68. THE VIEW IS SHOWING THE NORTHWEST ELEVATION OF THE LOCK COMPLEX MACHINE SHOP
VIEW LOOKING AT THE SOUTH WALL OF LOCK 71. THE LOCK KEEPER'S OFFICE IS IN THE TOP MIDDLE OF THE VIEW.
AFT DETAIL VIEW OF THE CANAL INSPECTION BOAT LOCKPORT ON DISPLAY OUTSIDE THE ERIE CANAL MUSEUM, WHICH WAS ORIGINALLY THE LOCK-COMPLEX POWER PLANT.
VIEW LOOKING SOUTHWEST (UPSTREAM) THROUGH LOCK 67.
DETAIL VIEW OF STONEWORK ON THE CENTER ISLAND, BETWEEN THE FLIGHT OF FIVE LOCKS AND THE BARGE CANAL LOCKS, AT THE DOWNSTREAM ENTRANCE TO BARGE CANAL LOCK 34. NOTE THE LOCK-GATE GUARD BEAM FULLY RETRACTED INTO RECESS IN APPROACH WALL.
VIEW LOOKING NORTHEAST (DOWNSTREAM) THROUGH BARGE CANAL LOCK 35.
DETAIL VIEW LOOKING EAST (DOWNSTREAM) SHOWING BARGE CANAL LOCK 35 GATE AND GATE CONTROL HOUSE.
VIEW LOOKING WEST FROM THE PINE STREET BRIDGE. THE VIEW IS LOOKING THROUGH BARGE CANAL LOCK 35. THE LOCK KEEPER'S OFFICE IS MID-GROUND. LOCKS 70 AND 71 OF THE FLIGHT OF FIVE ARE TO THE RIGHT OF THE KEEPER'S OFFICE.
VIEW LOOKING SOUTHWEST AT THE DOWNSTREAM ENTRANCE INTO BARGE CANAL LOCK 34. THE ERIE CANAL MUSEUM (FORMER POWER PLANT) IS IN THE CENTER OF THE VIEW, NOTE THE TURBINE DISCHARGE PORTS VISIBLE IN THIS LOW WATER VIEW. THE PINE STREET BRIDGE IS IN THE BACKGROUND.
DETAIL VIEW LOOKING NORTH AT THE SOUTHEAST ELEVATION OF THE ERIE CANAL MUSEUM (FORMER LOCK COMPLEX POWER PLANT). NOTE THE WALL RECESS BELOW THE BUILDING THAT RECEIVES THE END OF THE LOCK GATE GUARD BEAM WHEN IT IS CLOSED.


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