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Paterson

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Great Falls/S. U. M. Historic District, Oliver Street, Paterson, Passaic County, NJ



See 43 maps of this location


B&W Photos

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Data Pages


Drawings


Photo Caption Pages


Item Title


Location
Oliver Street, Paterson, NJ

Find maps of Paterson, NJ


Created/Published
Documentation compiled after 1968.

Notes
Survey number HAER NJ-1
Building/structure dates: 1915 initial construction
National Register Number: 70000391
Significance: In 1791 Alexander Hamilton and others founded an industrial venture known as the Society for the Establishment of Useful Manufactures (S.U.M.). The formation of this Society embodied the theory prepounded by Hamilton in his Report on Manufacturers (1791), that the best way to ensure America's independence of Europe was by establishing industries in the U.S. Under Hamilton's guidance, the Society acquired land at Paterson, New Jersey, at the Great Falls of the Passaic River. The falls, one of the largest on the east coast, was to supply the power to various mills and manufactories through a 2-1/2 mile system of raceways (see HAER No. NJ-2). Although not a terribly successful venture at first, approximately 60 mills, as well as other manufacturing plants, were established in what is now the S.U.M. Historic District, many dating from the 1830s and 1840s. The S.U.M. is recognized as being one of the sites where the American Industrial Revolution began, and was the first planned industrial area in the U.S.

Subjects
Immigrants
Brick Buildings
Mills


Related Names
L'Enfant, Pierre
Colt, Peter
Hamilton, Alexander


Collection
Historic American Engineering Record (Library of Congress)

Contents
Photograph caption(s): 
1. PHOTOCOPY OF MAP -- 1835: TOWN OF PATERSON, NEW JERSEY: 1835. (photo made from a 5x7 negative)
2. AERIAL VIEW LOOKING WEST SOUTHWEST SHOWING DOLPHIN MANUFACTURING CO., BARBOUR FLAX SPINNING CO. -- SPRUCE ST. MILL, ROGERS LOCOMOTIVE AND MACHINE WORKS -- MILLWRIGHT SHOP AND FITTING SHOP.
3. AERIAL VIEW LOOKING NORTH SHOWING MILLS FRONTING ON MILL AND VAN HOUTEN STREETS.
4. AERIAL VIEW LOOKING NORTHEAST SHOWING PHOENIX MILL COMPLEX, HARMONY MILL, INDUSTRY MILL, AND PUBLIC SERVICE ELECTRIC CO. (left to right).
5. AERIAL VIEW LOOKING EAST AT INTERSECTION OF McBRIDE AVE. (left) AND SPRUCE ST.
6. AERIAL VIEW LOOKING WEST SHOWING MILLS ALONG THE PASSAIC RIVER FRONTING ON THE LOWER RACEWAY ALONG VAN HOUTEN ST.
7. AERIAL VIEW LOOKING NORTH SHOWING MILLS ALONG PASSAIC RIVER.
8. AERIAL VIEW LOOKING NORTHEAST SHOWING MILLS ALONG THE PASSAIC RIVER FRONTING ON VAN HOUTEN ST.
9. AERIAL VIEW LOOKING NORTH SHOWING MILLS ALONG THE PASSAIC RIVER AND ESSEX MILL.
10. AERIAL VIEW LOOKING SOUTH SOUTHEAST SHOWING (from left) INDUSTRY MILL, HARMONY MILL, PHOENIX MILL, CONGDON MILL, TODD RAFFERTY MACHINE CO.
11. PHOENIX, HARMONY, AND INDUSTRY MILLS: SOUTH ELEVATIONS.
12. LOOKING NORTHWEST ALONG MILL ST., SHOWING ESSEX AND WAVERLEY MILLS.
13. AERIAL VIEW LOOKING WEST SHOWING UNION WORKS (ROSEN MILL), GRANT LOCOMOTIVE WORKS -- MACHINE SHOP, DANFORTH (COOKE) LOCOMOTIVE AND MACHINE CO.
14. SAME AS NJ-1-13.
15. AERIAL VIEW LOOKING NORTHEAST SHOWING HISTORIC DISTRICT WITH DOWNTOWN PATERSON IN BACKGROUND.
16. AERIAL VIEW LOOKING NORTHEAST UP MARKET ST.
17. AERIAL VIEW LOOKING WEST SHOWING DANFORTH (COOKE) LOCOMOTIVE AND MACHINE CO. AND GODWIN (HAMIL) MILL.
18. SAME AS NJ-l-17.
19. AERIAL VIEW LOOKING WEST NORTHWEST SHOWING GRANT LOCOMOTIVE WORKS -- MACHINE SHOP, DANFORTH (COOKE) LOCOMOTIVE AND MACHINE CO., AND GODWIN (HAMIL) MILL.
20. AERIAL VIEW LOOKING EAST SHOWING INTERSECTION OF McBRIDE AVE. (left) AND SPRUCE ST.
21. AERIAL VIEW LOOKING SOUTH DOWN SPRUCE ST.
22. AERIAL VIEW LOOKING EAST SHOWING GRANT LOCOMOTIVE WORKS, UNION WORKS (ROSEN MILL), ROGERS LOCOMOTIVE AND MACHINE COMPANY AND IVANHOE MILL WHEELHOUSE UNDER RESTORATION.
23. SAME AS NJ-1-22.
24. AERIAL VIEW LOOKING NORTH SNOWING GENERAL VIEW OF HISTORIC DISTRICT WITH DOWNTOWN PATERSON IN BACKGROUND.
25. AERIAL VIEW LOOKING NORTHWEST SHOWING (from left) CONGDON, PHOENIX, HARMONY, AND INDUSTRY MILLS, AND PUBLIC SERVICE ELECTRIC CO.
26. AERIAL VIEW LOOKING SOUTHEAST SHOWING REAR OF MILLS ALONG PASSAIC RIVER.
27. AERIAL VIEW LOOKING NORTH SHOWING (from left) PHOENIX, HARMONY, AND INDUSTRY MILLS, AND PUBLIC SERVICE ELECTRIC CO.
28. GREAT FALLS OF THE PASSAIC RIVER.
29. GREAT FALLS OF THE PASSAIC RIVER.
30. GREAT FALLS OF THE PASSAIC RIVER AND S.U.M. HYDROELECTRIC PLANT.
31. PASSAIC RIVER LOOKING DOWN RIVER FROM GREAT FALLS.
32. Remains of a stone wall surrounding the Hamilton Mill lot.
33. View of the arch spanning the Hamilton Mill tailrace.
34. Detail showing detailing including stone sills and ornamental brickwork above windows.


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