Historic Photographs

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New Jersey

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Jersey City

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Greenville Yard, Upper New York Bay, Jersey City, Hudson County, NJ



B&W Photos

HB825964
View East Showing Open Pier

HB825965
View East Showing Covered Pier And Coaling Station

HB825966
View Southeast, Coaling Station

HB825967
View Southeast, Crane No

HB825968
View West, Detail Of Crane No

HB825969
View South Showing 'marginal' Or 'whirly' 40-ton Crane

HB825970
View West Showing 'whirly' 40-ton Crane

HB825971
Covered Pier Interior, Sunken Rail Lines, Looking Northwest

HB825972
Covered Pier Interior, Steel Framework, Looking West

HB825973
Covered Pier Interior, Looking Southeast

HB825974
View Northeast Showing Part Of Westbound Classification Yard

HB825975
View East, North Side Of Pier B

HB825976
View East, Inshore End Of Pier C

HB825977
View Southeast, North Side Of Pier C

HB825978
View West, East End Of Pier C

HB825979
View Northwest, Inshore End Pier C

HB825980
Photocopy Of Original Drawing, C.w

HB825981
Photocopy Of Original Drawing, C.w

HB825982
Photocopy Of Original Drawing, 1941 680-ton Steel Coaling Station, Layout For Lighting And Electric Fixtures


Data Pages


Photo Caption Pages


Item Title


Location
Upper New York Bay, Jersey City, NJ

Find maps of Jersey City, NJ


Created/Published
Documentation compiled after 1968.

Notes
Survey number HAER NJ-49
Building/structure dates: 191 initial construction
Building/structure dates: 191
National Register Number: NR
Significance: The Greenville Yard is a unique combination of a large classification rail yard with support facilities, and marine operations. Designed and built at the beginning of the twentieth century, it was planned to facilitate the flow of freight through and around the greater New York harbor in the era before the motor truck became significant. The strategic location, large storage and sorting capacity (7,000 cars), flexibility of design, hard work and adaptable use of available equipment by the crews employed at the Greenville Yard made it a major component in freight movement in the harbor from 1905-1906, when it became operational, until the late 1970's. The yard remained in operation long after most other rail lighterage and marine transfer facilities had closed, and two of the original transfer bridges are still in operation at this time. Elements which make this yard unusual, besides overall size and design, are the six carfloat transfer bridges (not included in this study), and four snap-boom gantry cranes on the open pier. These date from the beginnings of the yard (1905-1916) and were significant innovations in the technology of their day. Also of note are the covered pier (built circa 1916), the coal hopper (built in 1939-1941), the marginal crane (moved to the Greenville Yard in 1941-1942), and yard operations.

Subjects
Transportation Industry
Commerce
Fires


Collection
Historic American Engineering Record (Library of Congress)

Contents
Photograph caption(s): 
1. VIEW EAST SHOWING OPEN PIER
2. VIEW EAST SHOWING COVERED PIER AND COALING STATION
3. VIEW SOUTHEAST, COALING STATION
4. VIEW SOUTHEAST, CRANE No. 1
5. VIEW WEST, DETAIL OF CRANE No. 1
6. VIEW SOUTH SHOWING 'MARGINAL' OR 'WHIRLY' 40-TON CRANE
7. VIEW WEST SHOWING 'WHIRLY' 40-TON CRANE
8. COVERED PIER INTERIOR, SUNKEN RAIL LINES, LOOKING NORTHWEST
9. COVERED PIER INTERIOR, STEEL FRAMEWORK, LOOKING WEST
10. COVERED PIER INTERIOR, LOOKING SOUTHEAST
11. VIEW NORTHEAST SHOWING PART OF WESTBOUND CLASSIFICATION YARD
12. VIEW EAST, NORTH SIDE OF PIER B
13. VIEW EAST, INSHORE END OF PIER C
14. VIEW SOUTHEAST, NORTH SIDE OF PIER C
15. VIEW WEST, EAST END OF PIER C
16. VIEW NORTHWEST, INSHORE END PIER C
17. Photocopy of original drawing, C.W. Hunt Company, 10-TON PACKAGE CARGO CRANE, REAR AND FRONT ELEVATIONS
18. Photocopy of original drawing, C.W. Hunt Company, 1905 10-TON COMBINATION PACKAGE AND SHOVEL GANTRY CRANE, SIDE ELEVATION
19. Photocopy of original drawing, 1941 680-TON STEEL COALING STATION, LAYOUT FOR LIGHTING AND ELECTRIC FIXTURES


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