Ford Motor Company Edgewater Assembly Plant, Assembly Building, 309 River Road, Edgewater, Bergen County, NJ
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Photo Caption Pages
309 River Road, Edgewater, NJ
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Documentation compiled after 1968.
Survey number HAER NJ-53-A
Unprocessed field note material exists for this structure (N905).
Building/structure dates: 1930 initial construction
Building/structure dates: 1938 subsequent work
Building/structure dates: 1947 subsequent work
Building/structure dates: 1959 subsequent work
Significance: Ford Motor Company built the Edgewater Assembly Plant as the largest of six such plants in the United States c.1928-31, to expand production of the Model A automobile line introduced in late 1927. Albert Kahn, perhaps the most important industrial architect working in the United States c.1903-42, designed all six assembly plants. The Assembly Building at Edgewater was the most architecturally successful of the major structures built during this program, combining elements of classical Prairie, and German industrial styles in a unified exterior wrapped around numerous internal assembly, storage, and distribution functions. The Edgewater plant, operating until 1955 as the longest-used of the c.1928-31 Ford assembly complexes, typified the heavily-conveyorized, densely-packed, horizontally-arranged assembly operations which characterized Ford methods c.1928-50. The Assembly Building was also the largest above-ground structure ever erected on the waterfront in the Port of New York, with a massive, partial pier substructure probably unique within this region.
Turner Construction Company
Pittsburgh Clay Products
Hartz Mountain Industries, Incorporated
Flagg, Thomas R., Photographer
Weinstein, Gerald, Photographer
Raber, Michael S., Historian
Historic American Engineering Record (Library of Congress)
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