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New Hampshire

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Enfield vicinity

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Shaker Church Family Dwelling House, State Route 4A, Enfield, Grafton County, NH



See 40 maps of this location


B&W Photos

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Item Title


Location
State Route 4A, Enfield vicinity, NH

Find maps of Enfield, NH


Created/Published
Documentation compiled after 1933.

Notes
Survey number HABS NH-75
Unprocessed field note material exists for this structure (FN-56).
Building/structure dates: 1837 initial construction
Significance: Unusually large and heavy masonry structure for this area. The largest of several remaining buildings of a defunct Shaker colony. Characteristically Shaker in its lack of decoration and austerity. / The United Society of Believers in Christ's Second Appearing, known as the Shakers, organized a communal society at Enfield, New Hampshire in 1793. In time, the self-contained society acquired over 300 members and 3,000 acres of land, and developed numerous industries. The Church Family Dwelling House, built between 1837 and 1841, was the largest dwelling built by the Shakers. Although built largely by the Shakers themselves, the society employed some help from the "world's people" in the design and construction of the building. The building's simple, Greek Revival design is attributed to the prominent American architect, Ammi Burnham Young, who later became Supervising Architect of the Treasury. Luther Kingsley, a Boston stonemason, was contracted to assemble the wall of locally quarried white granite. An unusual feature of this structure was the system of heavy timber trusses within the floors and walls of the third and fourth floors. These trusses supported the upper floors to allow a second floor meeting room to extend the full width of the building, 54'-4", uninterrupted by columns. The dwelling house was the most distinctive structure at Enfield. It was one of the earliest stone structures designed by Young and was probably the largest stone building north of Boston when constructed. Widely acclaimed after its completion in 1841, it represents a major undertaking for its time.

Subjects
Stone Buildings
Domestic Life
Group Dwellings


Related Names
Young, Ammi Burnham
Kingsley, Luther
Tillson, David
Enfield Shakers
United Society Of Believers In Christ's Second App
Edwards, Henry C., Historian
Overby, Osmund R., Historian
Boucher, Jack, Photographer
Janion, Aubrey P., Photographer
Pearson, Elmer R., Photographer
Hosley, William, Historian
Maynard, Preston, Historian
Burns, Deborah S., Historian
Burkhart, Patrick M., Historian


Collection
Historic American Buildings Survey (Library of Congress)

Contents
Photograph caption(s): 
1. Historic American Buildings Survey Aubrey P. Janion, Photographer - August 1959 WEST END AND SOUTH SIDE
2. Historic American Buildings Survey Aubrey P. Janion, Photographer - August 1959 WEST END
3. Historic American Buildings Survey Aubrey P. Janion, Photographer - August 1959 EAST END AND SOUTH SIDE
4. Historic American Buildings Survey Aubrey P. Janion, Photographer - August 1959 INTERIOR SHOWING ORIGINAL STAIRWAY, DOORS, DOORWAYS AND PEG STRIPS FOR HANGING FURNITURE
5. Historic American Buildings Survey Aubrey P. Janion, Photographer - August 1959 FOUNDATION ARCHES IN THE CELLAR
6. Historic American Buildings Survey Elmer R. Pearson, Photographer 1971 ELEVATION, LOOKING NORTHEAST
7. Historic American Buildings Survey Elmer R. Pearson, Photographer 1971 REAR ELEVATION, LOOKING NORTHWEST
8. Historic American Buildings Survey Elmer R. Pearson, Photographer 1971 ELEVATION, LOOKING NORTHWEST
9. Historic American Buildings Survey Elmer R. Pearson, Photographer 1971 FRONT ELEVATION, LOOKING NORTHWEST
10. WEST ELEVATION
11. WEST AND NORTH ELEVATIONS
12. WEST AND SOUTH ELEVATIONS
13. SOUTH ELEVATION
14. EAST ELEVATION
15. NORTH ELEVATION
16. WEST ENTRANCE
17. WINDOW DETAIL, FIRST STORY, SOUTH ELEVATION
18. PORCH, EAST ELEVATION
19. DETAIL OF PORCH COLUMN, EAST ELEVATION
20. CUPOLA
21. BASEMENT, FOUNDATION ARCHES
22. THIRD FLOOR, NORTHWEST ROOM, BUILT-IN CABINETS
23. FOURTH FLOOR, HALLWAY, SHOWING STAIRS AT EAST END
24. FIFTH FLOOR, SOUTHEAST ROOM, BUILT-IN CABINETS
25. FIFTH FLOOR, HALLWAY, SHOWING STAIRS AT EAST END
26. FIFTH FLOOR, EAST END, DETAIL OF STAIR RAIL
27. BELFRY STAIRWAY


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