J. Clark Salyer National Wildlife Refuge Dams, Along Lower Souris River, Kramer, Bottineau County, ND
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Photo Caption Pages
Along Lower Souris River, Kramer vicinity, ND
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Documentation compiled after 1968.
Survey number HAER ND-4
Building/structure dates: 1935 initial construction
Significance: The dams represent a historical movement to preserve wildlife and wildlife habitat in the United States, which began in the mid-19th century and continues today. The refuge dams are significant for their association with the development of a national wildlife refuge system during the New Deal Era. At the time of its creation, the J. Clark Salyer Wildlife Refuge was considered the most important project in the Federal Government's program of migratory waterfowl habitat restoration. The dams also are representative examples of dams designed by the Federal Government during the New Deal Era for conservation projects.
U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service
Roosevelt, Pres. Theodore
Roosevelt, Pres. Franklin D.
Quivik, Frederick L., Historian
McCormick, Mary E., Historian
Carroll, Jane L., Historian
Historic American Engineering Record (Library of Congress)
1. VIEW OF HEADQUARTERS OF J. CLARK SALYER NATIONAL WILDLIFE REFUGE, SHOWING PART OF THE POND BEHIND DAM 326, LOOKING SOUTHEAST FROM THE LOOKOUT TOWER
2. VIEW, LOOKING EAST, SHOWING J. CLARK SALYER NATIONAL WILDLIFE REFUGE, JUST EAST OF WESTHOPE, NORTH DAKOTA (THE NORTH END OF THE REFUGE JUST SOUTH OF DAM 357 AND THE CANADIAN BORDER)
3. VIEW, LOOKING NORTHEAST, SHOWING A SMALL FIELD-STONE DAM (KNOWN LOCALLY AS DAM NO. 2), BUILT BY THE CCC
4. VIEW, LOOKING SOUTHWEST, SHOWING A LARGE FIELD-STONE DAM (KNOWN LOCALLY AS DAM NO. 1), BUILT BY THE CCC
5. Photographic copy of historic photography. Original snapshot print is in narrative reports of the Lower Souris Migratory Waterfowl Refuge for the 1930s, on file at the headquarters of the J. Clark Salyer National Wildlife Refuge, Upham, North Dakota. DREDGING CHANNEL FOR THE SOURIS RIVER FOR DRAINAGE PURPOSES IN THE EARLY 20TH CENTURY
6. Photographic copy of original construction drawing, no date, from files in the Office of the Chief Engineer, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Regional Office, Denver. GATE CONTROL STRUCTURE (generic drawing used for all five dams in refuge)
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