U.S. Customs Service Port of Roosville, U.S. Highway 93, immediately south of U.S.-Canadia, Eureka, Lincoln County, MT
immediately south of U.S.-Canadia, Eureka vicinity, MT
Find maps of Eureka, MT
Documentation compiled after 1933.
Survey number HABS MT-110
Building/structure dates: 1933 initial construction
Building/structure dates: 1978 subsequent work
Significance: Built in 1933, the Port of Roosville is an excellent example of the numerous customs and immigration inspection stations designed and constructed by the Treasury Department in the 1930s along the U.S.-Canada border. Roosville's border station reflects the convergence of several significant historical developments. The need for the border station originated as a result of federally-funded improvement of U.S. Highway 93, a major international transportation route, in the 1920s, and by federal enforcement of Prohibition including rampant smuggling of alcohol across the Canadian border between 1920 and 1933. The Port of Roosville is also significant as the product of the Public Buildings Act of 1926, which launched a massive, nationwide federal facilities construction program, and of federal relief efforts during the Great Depression, which included sponsorship of public works projects as a means of addressing unemployment. Finally, the Port of Roosville is an important example of 1930s border station design and of the work of architect Louis A. Simon, who was largely responsible for institutionalizing the use of dignified Colonial Revival and other early American stylistic imagery as an appropriate architectural treatment for customs stations along the U.S. -Canada boundary.
Simon, Louis A.
Gorsuch, Grover C.
Wetmore, James A.
Fraser, Clayton B., Photographer
Marmor, Jason, Historian
Historic American Buildings Survey (Library of Congress)
Back to Eureka vicinity, Montana