U.S. Customs Service Port of Roosville, Immigration & Naturalization Service Residence, 45 feet southwest of Main Port Building, Eureka, Lincoln County, MT
45 feet southwest of Main Port Building, Eureka vicinity, MT
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Documentation compiled after 1933.
Survey number HABS MT-110-B
Building/structure dates: 1933 initial construction
Building/structure dates: 1959 subsequent work
Building/structure dates: 1969 subsequent work
Significance: Built in 1933, the Immigration and Naturalization (INS) Residence is an integral component of the historic border station complex comprising the Port of Roosville. The building served as a dwelling provided by the government for the use of INS officers and their families, while stationed at this relatively remote location to inspect traffic entering the U.S. from Canada and to enforce federal immigration laws. The design of this dwelling as well as the nearby duplicate U.S. Customs Service (USCS) Residence, is representative of standardized border station domestic architecture developed by prolific Treasury Department architect Louis A. Simon and erected at various locations along the U.S.-Canada border during the 1930s. The INS Residence was designed to be stylistically compatible with the associated Colonial Revival style Main Port Building. The dwelling also is reflective of the relative isolation of many border stations at a time when automobile transportation was more primitive, necessitating the provision of on-site housing for immigration inspectors.
Simon, Louis A.
Wetmore, James A.
Gorsuch, Grover C.
Brinkman & Lenon
General Service Administration's Region 8 Design &
Fraser, Clayton B., Photographer
Historic American Buildings Survey (Library of Congress)
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