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Eureka vicinity

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U.S. Customs Service Port of Roosville, Immigration & Naturalization Service Residence, 45 feet southwest of Main Port Building, Eureka, Lincoln County, MT



B&W Photos

HB752174

HB752175

HB752176

HB752177

HB752178

HB752179

HB752180

HB752181

HB752182

HB752183


Item Title
BWPhotos 206534

Location
45 feet southwest of Main Port Building, Eureka vicinity, MT

Find maps of Eureka, MT


Created/Published
Documentation compiled after 1933.

Notes
Survey number HABS MT-110-B
Building/structure dates: 1933 initial construction
Building/structure dates: 1959 subsequent work
Building/structure dates: 1969 subsequent work
Significance: Built in 1933, the Immigration and Naturalization (INS) Residence is an integral component of the historic border station complex comprising the Port of Roosville. The building served as a dwelling provided by the government for the use of INS officers and their families, while stationed at this relatively remote location to inspect traffic entering the U.S. from Canada and to enforce federal immigration laws. The design of this dwelling as well as the nearby duplicate U.S. Customs Service (USCS) Residence, is representative of standardized border station domestic architecture developed by prolific Treasury Department architect Louis A. Simon and erected at various locations along the U.S.-Canada border during the 1930s. The INS Residence was designed to be stylistically compatible with the associated Colonial Revival style Main Port Building. The dwelling also is reflective of the relative isolation of many border stations at a time when automobile transportation was more primitive, necessitating the provision of on-site housing for immigration inspectors.

Subjects
Customs Inspections
Immigrants
Houses


Related Names
Simon, Louis A.
Wetmore, James A.
Gorsuch, Grover C.
Brinkman & Lenon
General Service Administration's Region 8 Design &
Fraser, Clayton B., Photographer


Collection
Historic American Buildings Survey (Library of Congress)

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