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St. Louis Union Station Powerhouse, South Eighteenth Street, North of U.S. Highway 40, Saint Louis, St. Louis City County, MO



See 29 maps of this location


B&W Photos

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Data Pages


Photo Caption Pages


Item Title


Location
North of U.S. Highway 40, Saint Louis, MO

Find maps of Saint Louis, MO


Created/Published
Documentation compiled after 1968.

Notes
Survey number HAER MO-23
Building/structure dates: 1903 initial construction
Building/structure dates: 194 subsequent work
Building/structure dates: 1986 demolished
National Register Number: 70000888
Significance: The Union Station Powerhouse is significant in the following areas: Community Planning: The building represents a significant period in the expansion of the Terminal Railroad Association facilities at Union Station, the nation's largest railroad terminal at the turn of the century. The building was one of several structures erected in the years 1902-1904 in the rail yard behind Union Station to accommodate the increased passenger and freight business anticipated throughout the 1904 World's Fair in St. Louis. The powerhouse was critical to a carefully engineered plan which, despite the obstacles of space limitations and ceaseless traffic, successfully increased the freight handling capacity of Union Station twofold. Architecture: Constructed in 1903 from plans drawn up by Chicago architect Holabird and Roche with consulting engineers Purdy & Henderson, the powerhouse is a good representative example of industrial design with primary emphasis on utility and function. While there is little concession to extraneous detailing, architectural considerations are expressed in the brickwork, fenestration and fine proportions. Concrete foundations, reinforced concrete floors, and a concrete and file roof carried steel trusses and I-beams represented up-to-date structural methods which met requirements of maximum load-bearing strength and fire-proofing.

Subjects
Brick Buildings
Power Plants
Transportation


Related Names
Holabird & Roche
Terminal Railroad Association
St. Louis Station Partners
Purdy & Henderson
Alphons Custodis Chimney Construction Company
Westinghouse, Kerr, & Church


Collection
Historic American Engineering Record (Library of Congress)

Contents
Photograph caption(s): 
1. VIEW OF GENERAL SETTING
2. VIEW OF NORTH FRONT
3. VIEW OF NORTH FRONT AND EAST SIDE
4. VIEW OF EAST SIDE
5. VIEW OF SOUTH SIDE
6. VIEW OF SOUTHWEST CORNER
7. VIEW OF WEST SIDE
8. VIEW OF NORTHWEST CORNER
9. DETAIL VIEW OF WEST SIDE
10. VIEW OF ENGINE ROOM, LOOKING SOUTH
11. DETAIL VIEW OF AIR COMPRESSOR, ENGINE ROOM
12. VIEW OF BOILER ROOM, LOOKING SOUTH, SHOWING BREECH AT RIGHT
13. VIEW OF FIRE ROOM, LOOKING SOUTH, SHOWING HOPPER ABOVE
14. DETAIL VIEW OF BOILERS, LOOKING NORTH
15. VIEW OF PUMP ROOM, LOOKING SOUTH FROM FIRE ROOM
16. VIEW OF CATWALKS ABOVE BOILERS, LOOKING NORTH
17. VIEW OF CONVEYOR ABOVE HOPPER, LOOKING NORTH
18. VIEW OF BASEMENT, WEST SIDE, LOOKING SOUTH
19. PLAN OF POWERHOUSE
20. EAST ELEVATION
21. SOUTH ELEVATION
22. SECTION
23. AIR TANK AND COIL HOUSE
24. ASH BIN
25. TURBO COMPRESSOR ROOM/PLAN
26. TURBO COMPRESSOR ROOM/ELEVATIONS
27. TOOLHOUSE ADDITION
28. WATER TREATMENT PLANT/PLAN
29. WATER TREATMENT PLANT/ELEVATIONS
30. PUMP HOUSE ALTERATION


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