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Lawson vicinity

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Watkins Mill, County Highway MM, Lawson, Clay County, MO



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Item Title


Location
County Highway MM, Lawson vicinity, MO

Find maps of Lawson, MO


Created/Published
Documentation compiled after 1968.

Notes
Survey number HAER MO-1
Building/structure dates: 1861 initial construction
National Register Number: 66000416
Significance: The Watkins (Woolen) Mill contains the finest collection of mid-19th century textile machinery in situ in North America and includes some of the most significant textile artifacts known to survive. The physical plant provides important information about the wool cloth making process, the history of machinery manufacture, industrial development, and the working life of men and women in a rural, mid-western factory.

Subjects
Brick Buildings
Galleries & Museums
War (Civil War)


Related Names
Watkins , Waltus
Missouri Department Of Natural Resources
A Jenks & Son
Alfred Jenks Incorporated
Bridesburg Manufacturing Company
Furbush & Gage Incorporated
Lowe, Jet, Photographer


Collection
Historic American Engineering Record (Library of Congress)

Contents
Photograph caption(s): 
1. Jet Lowe, Photographer, June 1978. DUSTER/WILLOWER, A. JENKS, BRIDESBURG [PENNSYLVANIA], C. 1850.
2. Jet Lowe, Photographer, June 1978. PICKER ROOM.
3. Jet Lowe, Photographer, June 1978. PICKER, A. JENKS AND SON, C. 1865, FEED DRIVE.
4. Jet Lowe, Photographer, June 1978. PICKER DETAIL, A. JENKS AND SON, C. 1865, FEED DRIVE.
5. Jet Lowe, Photographer, June 1978. VIEW LOOKING FROM THE SOUTHWEST; CARDING AND SPINNING.
6. Jet Lowe, Photographer, June 1978. VIEW LOOKING FROM THE SOUTHWEST; CARDS.
7. Jet Lowe, Photographer, June 1978. VIEW LOOKING SOUTHWEST; CARD, A. JENKS & SON, ROLL-DRUM AND SHELL DELIVERY, C. 1865.
8. Jet Lowe, Photographer, June 1978. CARD, APPARENTLY A. JENKS & SON. LAP DELIVERY, C. 1865.
9. Jet Lowe, Photographer, June 1978. CARD, A. JENKS & SON, FEED, WITH BURR CYLINDER AND BURR PAN, G. 1865.
10. Jet Lowe, Photographer, June 1978. FIRST BREAKER PRODUCTION CARD, A. JENKS & SON, WITH DRIVE BELT FROM FLOOR BELOW, C. 1865.
11. Jet Lowe, Photographer, June 1978. SCALE FOR WEIGHING WOOL AT FEED APRON OF A FIRST BREAKER CARD.
12. Jet Lowe, Photographer, June 1978. SAME AS #10, FROM DELIVERY END, SHOWING COMB MECHANISM (FORE) AND BALLING ATTACHMENT (LEFT).
13. Jet Lowe, Photographer, June 1978. FRONT VIEW OF BALLER.
14. Jet Lowe, Photographer, June 1978. OVERVIEW OF BALLER.
15. Jet Lowe, Photographer, June 1978. WOODEN CREEL FOR BOBBINS FROM BALLER; AT FEED END OF FINISHER CARD.
16. Jet Lowe, Photographer, June 1978. WOOD AND IRON CREEL FEEDING SECOND BREAKER CARD.
17. Jet Lowe, Photographer, June 1978. FIVE-ROLL RUB DELIVERY ON A. JENKS & SON FINISHER CARD; THE DELIVERY IS CONSISTENT WITH MANUFACTURE C. 1845-1855; FROM RIGHT FRONT OF OSCILLATING MECHANISM.
18. Jet Lowe, Photographer, 1978. SAME AS #17, BUT FROM LEFT FRONT OF DRIVE.
19. Jet Lowe, Photographer, 1978. SEVEN-ROLL RUB, ON FINISHER OF FINISHER CARD APPARENTLY BY A. JENKS & SON; VIEW FROM RIGHT FRONT OF DRIVE.
20. Jet Lowe, Photographer, 1978. SAME AS #19 BUT LEFT FRONT; OSCILLATING MECHANISM.
21. Jet Lowe, Photographer, June 1978. SPIDERS OF MAIN CYLINDER, AND LAG CONSTRUCTION OF CYLINDER.
22. Jet Lowe, Photographer, June 1978. TRAVERSE GRINDER FOR GRINDING CARD CYLINDERS, A. JENKS & SON, C. 1860.
23. Jet Lowe, Photographer, June 1978. ATTIC, VIEW LOOKING FROM THE WEST, WITH REMAINS OF JACK; TENTER FRAME ON FAR SIDE.
24. Jet Lowe, Photographer, June 1978. FOUR JACKS, VIEW LOOKING FROM THE EAST.
25. Jet Lowe, Photographer, June 1978. JACKS, VIEW LOOKING FROM THE NORTH EAST, JENKS FOREGROUND, FURBUSH AND GAGE BEYOND.
26. Jet Lowe, Photographer, June 1978. HEADSTOCK OF JENKS JACK, C. 1860; VIEW LOOKING FROM TOP REAR.
27. Jet Lowe, Photographer, June 1978. SAME AS #26, BUT VIEW LOOKING FROM BOTTOM REAR.
28. Jet Lowe, Photographer, June 1978. HEADSTOCK OF FURBUSH AND GAGE JACK, C. 1870, DRIVES ENGAGED; VIEW LOOKING FROM TOP REAR.
29. Jet Lowe, Photographer, June 1978. SAME AS #28, BUT DRIVES DISENGAGED.
30. Jet Lowe, Photographer, June 1978. ENDFRAME FROM ABOVE JACK.
31. Jet Lowe, Photographer, June 1978. TWISTER, A. JENKS & SON, C. 1860, SECOND FLOOR WEST.
32. Jet Lowe, Photographer, June 1978. VIEW LOOKING FROM THE NORTHWEST, ABOVE TWISTER FOREGROUND, SECOND FLOOR.
33. Jet Lowe, Photographer, June 1978. BRIDESBURG MANUFACTURING COMPANY TWISTER, C. 1875, SECOND FLOOR NORTHWEST.
34. Jet Lowe, Photographer, June 1978. SKEINER, MAKER UNKNOWN, SECOND FLOOR WEST.
35. Jet Lowe, Photographer, June 1978. SKEIN TWISTER (ON POST), RATCHET (FOREGROUND) FOR SKEIN BALER, SECOND FLOOR CENTER.
36. Jet Lowe, Photographer, June 1978. POWERED SKEIN TWISTER, J.F. McAFEE PATENT, FEB. 6, 1883, SECOND FLOOR.
37. Jet Lowe, Photographer, June 1978. SKEIN BALER, WOOL BAG, SECOND FLOOR CENTER.
38. Jet Lowe, Photographer, June 1978. QUILLER, A. JENKS, C. 1850, ATTIC.
39. Jet Lowe, Photographer, June 1978. DETAIL OF DAM ON #38; TENTERHOOKS IN REAR.
40. Jet Lowe, Photographer, June 1978. SPOOL STAND AND CREEL; PLATES FROM CLOTHPRESS (FOREGROUND); ATTIC.
41. Jet Lowe, Photographer, June 1978. WARPING MILL, SECOND FLOOR FROM WEST.
42. Jet Lowe, Photographer, June 1978. A. JENKS AND SON PLAIN LOOM, PATTERN DEVICE, 1847 PATENT, C. 1860, SECOND FLOOR NORTH.
43. Jet Lowe, Photographer, June 1978. ABOVE, VIEW LOOKING FROM THE FRONT.
44. Jet Lowe, Photographer, June 1978. PATTERN DEVICE FROM JENKS LOOM, SECOND FLOOR EAST.
45. Jet Lowe, Photographer, June 1978. ALFRED JENKS BROADLOOMS, C. 1850, SECOND FLOOR NORTHEAST.
46. Jet Lowe, Photographer, June 1978. WEAVEROOM, SECOND FLOOR, VIEW LOOKING FROM THE NORTHEAST.
47. Jet Lowe, Photographer, June 1978. STAFFORD LOOM, WITH R. W. ANDREWS PATENT PATTERN DEVICE, C. 1870, VIEW LOOKING FROM THE FRONT, SECOND FLOOR SOUTH.
48. Jet Lowe, Photographer, June 1978. SAME AS #47, VIEW LOOKING FROM THE FRONT RIGHT.
49. Jet Lowe, Photographer, June 1978. FURBUSH AND GAGE FANCY LOOM, 1863+, FRONTAL VIEW, SECOND FLOOR SOUTH.
50. Jet Lowe, Photographer, June 1978. FURBUSH AND GAGE FANCY LOOM HEAD MOTION, C. 1863, SECOND FLOOR SOUTH.
51. Jet Lowe, Photographer, June 1978. FURBUSH AND GAGE BOX MOTION, 1859 PATENT, SECOND FLOOR SOUTH.
52. Jet Lowe, Photographer, June 1978. FURBUSH AND GAGE FANCY LOOM HEAD MOTION, 1863 PATENT, DETAIL OF #49.
53. Jet Lowe, Photographer, June 1978. M.A. FURBUSH & SON BROADLOOM WITH 1868 BOX MOTION, C. 1870, SECOND FLOOR NORTH.
54. Jet Lowe, Photographer, June 1978. PATTERN DEVICE, VIEW LOOKING FROM ABOVE.
55. Jet Lowe, Photographer, June 1978. LEFT TO RIGHT: MAIN DRIVE PULLEY, SKEIN DYER, CLOTH DYER AND WASHER, FULLING HAMMER; FIRST FLOOR, SOUTHEAST CORNER.
56. Jet Lowe, Photographer, June 1978. INSPECTING TABLE (?), WORKSHOP, FULLING MILL; FIRST FLOOR, SOUTH SIDE.
57. Jet Lowe, Photographer, June 1978. FULLING MILL, FRONT VIEW, FIRST FLOOR.
58. Jet Lowe, Photographer, June 1978. CHEMICALS AND DYES ON WORKTABLE IN FINISHING AREA, FIRST FLOOR EAST.
59. Jet Lowe, Photographer, June 1978. BROADRUP AND COMPANY CLOTH STRETCHER, FIRST FLOOR FINISHING ROOM, NORTHWEST.
60. Jet Lowe, Photographer, June 1978. UP AND DOWN TEASEL GIG, C. 1870, WITH CLOTHPRESS BEYOND, FIRST FLOOR FINISHING ROOM.
61. Jet Lowe, Photographer, June 1978. UP AND DOWN TEASEL GIG, CLOSE-UP.
62. Jet Lowe, Photographer, June 1978. DETAIL OF WALLOWER TO OSCILLATE DRUM ON TEASEL GIG.
63. Jet Lowe, Photographer, June 1978. TENTER FRAME, ATTIC, WITH A LAGGED SECTION OF CARD MAIN CYLINDER ON FLOOR BESIDE DISUSED JACK CARRIAGE; VIEW LOOKING FROM THE SOUTHWEST.
64. Jet Lowe, Photographer, June 1978. CLOTH BRUSH (LEFT) AND SPOOL STAND (RIGHT), ATTIC.
65. Jet Lowe, Photographer, June 1978. ROTARY SHEAR, FROM FRONT RIGHT; FIRST FLOOR FINISHING ROOM.
66. Jet Lowe, Photographer, June 1978. SAME AS ABOVE, VIEW LOOKING FROM FRONT LEFT.
67. Jet Lowe, Photographer, June 1978. STRETCHING FRAME, FIRST FLOOR.
68. Jet Lowe, Photographer, June 1978. WORKBENCH AND FULLING MILL, FIRST FLOOR, VIEW LOOKING FROM SOUTHEAST.
69. Jet Lowe, Photographer, June 1978. WORKBENCH WITH WOOD LATHE, BLACKSMITH'S DRILL AND VICE; FIRST FLOOR SOUTH.
70. Jet Lowe, Photographer, Jude 1978. STEAM ENGINE AND BOILER, 'WASHINGTON FOUNDRY, ST. LOUIS, MO.', ON CONDENSER; IN SHED AT EAST END OF MILL.
71. Jet Lowe, Photographer, June 1978. STEAM ENGINE, END VIEW.
72. Jet Lowe, Photographer, June 1978. 'GARNER'S PERFECTED GOVERNOR,' ON STEAM ENGINE.
73. Jet Lowe, Photographer, June 1978. BOILER, MISSISSIPPI RIVER TYPE, AT EAST END OF MILL.
74. Jet Lowe, Photographer, June 1978. WATER PUMP, BELT-DRIVEN FROM STEAM ENGINE, IN SHED AT EAST END OF MILL.
75. Jet Lowe, Photographer, June 1978. WATKINS MILL, VIEW FROM THE NORTHWEST.
76. Jet Lowe, Photographer, June 1978. WATKINS MILL, VIEW LOOKING FROM NORTH.
77. Jet Lowe, Photographer, June 1978. WATKINS MILL, VIEW FROM THE EAST LOOKING ACROSS MILLPOND.
78. Jet Lowe, Photographer, June 1978. MILL STORE, NORTHWEST CORNER, FIRST FLOOR, FROM NORTHWEST.
79. Jet Lowe, Photographer, June 1978. GRAIN MILL, NORTH SIDE OF FIRST FLOOR, VIEW FROM THE WEST.
80. Jet Lowe, Photographer, June 1978. BELT SHIFTER AND TENSIONER, TO DRIVE GRIST MILL, VIEW FROM THE SOUTH.
81. Jet Lowe, Photographer, June 1978. GRAIN MILL, VIEW LOOKING FROM THE SOUTHWEST.
82. Jet Lowe, Photographer, June 1978. BOLTER, COUTH SIDE OF GRAIN MILL, VIEW LOOKING FROM THE NORTH.
83. Jet Lowe, Photographer, June 1978. WALTUS WATKINS HOUSE, 1850-1854, VIEW FROM THE EAST.
84. Jet Lowe, Photographer, June 1978. SAME AS ABOVE, VIEW FROM THE WEST.
85. Jet Lowe, Photographer, June 1978. SAME AS ABOVE, VIEW FROM THE SOUTHWEST.
86. Jet Lowe, Photographer, June 1978. OCTAGONAL SCHOOL BUILT IN 1856.
87. Jet Lowe, Photographer, June 1978. CHURCH, BUILT 1871-1876.
88. Photocopied August 1978 by the Harry S. Truman Library, Independence, Missouri, from the original belonging to the Watkins Mill Historic Site. HANDBILL WRITTEN BY WALTHUS L. WATKINS, ADVERTISING THE OPENING OF HIS MILL. DATED: MAY 8TH, 1861.
89. Photocopied August 1978 by the Harry S. Truman Library, Independence, Missouri, from the original belonging to the Watkins Mill Historic Site. WALTHUS L. WATKINS.
90. Photocopied August 1978 by the Harry S. Truman Library, Independence, Missouri, from the original belonging to Jackson County Historical Society. WATKINS MILL AS IT APPEARED C. 1876.
91. Photocopied August 1978 by the Harry S. Truman Library, Independence, Missouri, from the original belonging to the Watkins Mill Historic Site. JOHN WATKINS, SECOND ELDEST SON AND EVENTUAL PARTNER WITH WALTHUS L. WATKINS.
92. Photocopied August 1978 by the Harry S. Truman Library, Independence, Missouri, from the original belonging to the Jackson County Historical Society. HANDBILL ADVERTISING SERVICES OFFERED BY 'W. L. WATKINS & SON.' DATED: OCT. 1, 1881.
93. Photocopied August 1978 by the Harry S. Truman Library, Independence, Missouri, from the original belonging to the Watkins Mill Historic Site. WATKINS MILL AS IT APPEARED C. 1910.
94. Jet Lowe, Photographer, June 1978. ALFRED JENKS & SON PACKING CRATE, RIM OF MAIN DRIVE PULLEY IN MILL.
JENKS JACK DETAIL


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