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Sharpsburg

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Tolson's Chapel, 111 East High Street, Sharpsburg, Washington County, MD



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Data Pages


Photo Caption Pages


Item Title


Location
111 East High Street, Sharpsburg, MD

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Created/Published
Documentation compiled after 1933.

Notes
Survey number HABS MD-1202
Unprocessed field note material exists for this structure (N946).
Building/structure dates: 1866 initial construction
Significance: Tolson's Chapel served as a church and a Freedman's Bureau school for black residents of Sharpsburg in the years following the American Civil War. Establishing religious and educational institutions was essential to the future of Sharpsburg's African American community of former slaves and freedmen. Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation on September 22, 1862, just days after the bloody Battle of Antietam was fought in Sharpsburg. The State of Maryland abolished slavery in 1864. Built in 1866, Tolson's Chapel stands as a vivid symbol of the impact on enslaved African Americans of the event surrounding the Battle of Antietam and the Union victory in the Civil War.

Subjects
Building Deterioration
Religious Groups
Religious Services


Related Names
Freedmen's Bureau School (1868-70)
Rosenthal, James, Photographer
Herrin, Dean, Historian
Davidson, Lisa, Historian


Collection
Historic American Buildings Survey (Library of Congress)

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