Historic Photographs

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Fort%2BWashington%2BForest%2Bvicinity

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Fort Washington, Fort, 13551 Fort Washington Road, Fort Washington Forest, Prince George's County, MD



B&W Photos

HB607388
Perspective View (northeast) From Esplanade Of Northwest Demi-bastion Showing Glacis And Relationship To Main Gate

HB607389
Perspective View (north) Into Esplanade Of Northwest Demi-bastion Showing Revetments, Counterforts, Glacis And Stairs

HB607390
Perspective View (south) Into Esplanade Of Northwest Demi-bastion Showing Revetments, Counterforts, Glacis And Stairs

HB607391
Detailed Elevation (south) Of Lower Stair Structure

HB607392
Detailed View Of Door Hinge On Revetment Of Northwest Demi-bastion

HB607393
Detailed View Of Door On Revetment After Restoration

HB607394
Perspective View (east) Of North Terreplein Of Northwest Demi-bastion Showing Gun Mounts And Relationship To Main Gate

HB607395
Perspective View (west) Of North Terreplein Of Northwest Demi-bastion Showing Gun Mounts

HB607396
Perspective View (north) Of West Terreplein Of Northwest Demi-bastion Showing Gun Mounts

HB607397
Perspective View (south) Of West Terreplein Of Northwest Demi-bastion Showing Gun Mounts And Relationship To Esplanade And Barracks

HB607398
Detailed View (northwest) Of Sloped South Parapet Cap Showing Reinforcing Ties

HB607399
Detailed View Of Embrasures On West Exterior Wall Of Northwest Demi-bastion

HB607400
Detailed View Of Sally Port Gate On West Curtain Wall

HB607401
Perspective View (north) Into Esplanade Of Southwest Demi-bastion Showing Revetments, Restored Doors, Glacis And Stairs

HB607402
Perspective View (northwest) Of West Retaining Wall In Southwest Demi-bastion Showing Glacis

HB607403
Perspective View (northeast) Of West Terreplein Of Southwest Demi-bastion Showing Relationship To Main Gate And Officers' Quarters

HB607404
Perspective View (west) Of South Exterior Wall Of Southwest Demi-bastion


Data Pages


Drawings


Photo Caption Pages


Item Title


Location
13551 Fort Washington Road, Fort%2BWashington%2BForest%2Bvicinity, MD

Find maps of Fort%2BWashington%2BForest%2B, MD


Created/Published
Documentation compiled after 1933.

Notes
Survey number HABS MD-307-D
Unprocessed field note material exists for this structure (N264 ,N691).
Building/structure dates: 1809 initial construction
Building/structure dates: 1814 demolished
Building/structure dates: 1824 initial construction
Building/structure dates: 1840 subsequent work
Significance: Fort Washington's predecessor, Fort Warburton, was completed in December 1809 to guard the Potomac River entrance to the Capital City. During the War of 1812, on August 27, 1814, it was destroyed by its garrison to prevent the capture of its equipment and munitions by enemy forces. In less than two weeks Major Pierre L'Enfant was hired by the U.S. government to clear the remains and to construct new defenses, to be named Fort Washington. L'Enfant worked on them briefly before he was replaced by Lieutenant Colonel Walker Armistead, chief engineer of the Alexandria District, who completed the new fort on October 2, 1824. The fort was remodeled during the 1840's to correct deficiencies in the original design. During the Civil War, it was held by Union forces under the command of Captain Joseph A. Haskins. It was the only garrison for the National Capital until a circle of forts was built around the city in the 1860's. From 1875 to 1921 it was a military post and headquarters for the defenses of the Potomac. Until 1939 the 3rd Battalion, 12th Infantry, and the Honor Guard for the Military District of Washington were stationed at the fort. During World War II, the fort was the home of the Officer's Candidate School of the Adjutant General's Corps. From 1944 until 1946, it was a Veteran's Administration Hospital. In 1946, the fort was turned over to the Department of the Interior for use as a park.

Subjects
Building Deterioration
Military Education
Recreation


Related Names
Fort Warburton
L'Enfant, Pierre
Armistead, Lt Col. Walker
Haskins, Capt. Joseph A.
Bittner, Brian, Field Team
Harrington, Brian, Field Team
Maksay, Adam, Field Team
McFarlane, Devroy, Field Team
Mui, Helen, Field Team
Snoap, Matt, Field Team
Vazquez, J. Raul, Photographer
Schara, Mark, Photographer
Harrell, Greg, Photographer


Collection
Historic American Buildings Survey (Library of Congress)

Contents
Photograph caption(s): 
1. PERSPECTIVE VIEW (NORTHEAST) FROM ESPLANADE OF NORTHWEST DEMI-BASTION SHOWING GLACIS AND RELATIONSHIP TO MAIN GATE
2. PERSPECTIVE VIEW (NORTH) INTO ESPLANADE OF NORTHWEST DEMI-BASTION SHOWING REVETMENTS, COUNTERFORTS, GLACIS AND STAIRS
3. PERSPECTIVE VIEW (SOUTH) INTO ESPLANADE OF NORTHWEST DEMI-BASTION SHOWING REVETMENTS, COUNTERFORTS, GLACIS AND STAIRS
4. DETAILED ELEVATION (SOUTH) OF LOWER STAIR STRUCTURE
5. DETAILED VIEW OF DOOR HINGE ON REVETMENT OF NORTHWEST DEMI-BASTION
6. DETAILED VIEW OF DOOR ON REVETMENT AFTER RESTORATION
7. PERSPECTIVE VIEW (EAST) OF NORTH TERREPLEIN OF NORTHWEST DEMI-BASTION SHOWING GUN MOUNTS AND RELATIONSHIP TO MAIN GATE
8. PERSPECTIVE VIEW (WEST) OF NORTH TERREPLEIN OF NORTHWEST DEMI-BASTION SHOWING GUN MOUNTS
9. PERSPECTIVE VIEW (NORTH) OF WEST TERREPLEIN OF NORTHWEST DEMI-BASTION SHOWING GUN MOUNTS
10. PERSPECTIVE VIEW (SOUTH) OF WEST TERREPLEIN OF NORTHWEST DEMI-BASTION SHOWING GUN MOUNTS AND RELATIONSHIP TO ESPLANADE AND BARRACKS
11. DETAILED VIEW (NORTHWEST) OF SLOPED SOUTH PARAPET CAP SHOWING REINFORCING TIES
12. DETAILED VIEW OF EMBRASURES ON WEST EXTERIOR WALL OF NORTHWEST DEMI-BASTION
13. DETAILED VIEW OF SALLY PORT GATE ON WEST CURTAIN WALL
14. PERSPECTIVE VIEW (NORTH) INTO ESPLANADE OF SOUTHWEST DEMI-BASTION SHOWING REVETMENTS, RESTORED DOORS, GLACIS AND STAIRS
15. PERSPECTIVE VIEW (NORTHWEST) OF WEST RETAINING WALL IN SOUTHWEST DEMI-BASTION SHOWING GLACIS
16. PERSPECTIVE VIEW (NORTHEAST) OF WEST TERREPLEIN OF SOUTHWEST DEMI-BASTION SHOWING RELATIONSHIP TO MAIN GATE AND OFFICERS' QUARTERS
17. PERSPECTIVE VIEW (WEST) OF SOUTH EXTERIOR WALL OF SOUTHWEST DEMI-BASTION


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