Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, Howard Street Tunnel, 1300 Mount Royal Avenue, Baltimore, Independent City, MD
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1300 Mount Royal Avenue, Baltimore, MD
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Documentation compiled after 1968.
Survey number HAER MD-11
Significance: The Baltimore Belt Railroad, chartered in 1888, built the Howard Street Tunnel. The seven-mile-long railroad connected the main branch of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad that extends westward with its Philadelphia branch. Previously, trains had taken a circuitous route around Baltimore, which included ferrying all trains across the Patapsco River. Two decades earlier, the Pennsylvania Railroad had constructed tracks directly into Baltimore. In order for the B & O to remain competitive with the Pennsylvania company, the Baltimore Belt Railroad was built. The growth of the city eliminated the possibility of an above-ground track, necessitating the construction of a tunnel. Construction of the tunnel began in 1890. On May 1, 1895, the first passenger train passed through it.
General Electric Company
Historic American Engineering Record (Library of Congress)
1. VIEW OF NORTH PORTAL LOOKING OUT FROM UNDER MT. ROYAL STATION TRAIN SHED.
2. VIEW OF MT. ROYAL TRAIN SHED LOOKING OUT FROM UNDER HOWARD STREET TUNNEL.
3. VIEW OF PEDESTRIAN CROSSING OVER TRACKS AT CAMDEN STATION LOOKING OUT FROM UNDER SOUTH PORTAL OF HOWARD STREET TUNNEL.
4. VIEW OF TRACKS LEADING TO SOUTH PORTAL AT CAMDEN STATION.
5. VIEW OF SOUTH PORTAL AT CAMDEN STATION.
6. VIEW OF TUNNEL OPENING AT CAMDEN STATION (SOUTH END) LOOKING OUT FROM A COUPLE OF HUNDRED FEET INSIDE TUNNEL.
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