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Baltimore & Ohio Railroad Company Headquarters Building, 2 North Charles Street, Baltimore, Independent City, MD



See 48 maps of this location


B&W Photos

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Item Title
Baltimore & Ohio Railroad Company Headquarters Building, 2 North Charles Street, Baltimore, Independent City, MD

Location
2 North Charles Street, Baltimore, MD

Find maps of Baltimore, MD


Created/Published
Documentation compiled after 1933.

Notes
Survey number HABS MD-1122
Building/structure dates: 1905 initial construction
Building/structure dates: 1983 subsequent work
Significance: Historically, this structure was the headquarters of the Baltimore and Ohio (B&O) Railroad. The B&O was significant not only as America's first railroad (founded 1827) but also as the pre-eminent driving force behind Baltimore's importance as a commercial center in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Architecturally, the 1905-6 building's thirteen-story height was a local novelty at the time, and its well-publicized "fireproof" construction was clearly a material reaction to the 1904 Great Fire that destroyed the company's previous headquarters building, two blocks to the east of the present site. The Beaux-Arts design by architects Parker and Thomas of Boston and Baltimore, exemplifies the style which defined the city's rebuilt commercial center, and the building is also the only known Baltimore work of associated architect James Gamble Rogers, who later established a reputation as a premier "image maker" architect for America's corporate elite and for Yale University.

Subjects
Fires
Office Buildings
Railroad Companies


Related Names
Parker & Thomas
Parker, J. Harleston
Thomas, Douglas H.
Murray, Oscar
Hale & Rogers
Hale, Herbert Dudley
Rosenthal, James W., Photographer
Ossman, J. Laurie, Historian


Collection
Historic American Buildings Survey (Library of Congress)

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