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Massachusetts

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Lowell

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Massachusetts Mills, 95 Bridge Street, Lowell, Middlesex County, MA



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B&W Photos

HB557835

HB557836


Data Pages


Photo Caption Pages


Item Title


Location
95 Bridge Street, Lowell, MA

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Created/Published
Documentation compiled after 1968.

Notes
Survey number HAER MA-89
Building/structure dates: 1911 initial construction
Building/structure dates: 1928 subsequent work
Significance: Massachusetts Mill is part of the Lowell Locks and Canal Historic District, a National Historic Landmark District, which is significant as the site of the Lowell Experiment, where the industrial revolution in North America was first initiated on a large scale. The manufacturing enterprises undertaken in Lowell, modeled after the previously successful Waltham Experiment, but on a much larger scale, provided the foundation for America's modern industrial system, with emphasis on mass production and technological innovation, and capitalization and management under corporate control. Massachusetts Mills was chartered in 1839 and was the last of the eleven major manufacturing concerns to be established. The firm produced coarse white cotton goods until diversifying in 1893 and employed 1,700 to 2,000, mostly immigrant, operatives during its peak years. Operations ceased in 1928.

Subjects
Textile Mills


Collection
Historic American Engineering Record (Library of Congress)

Contents
Photograph caption(s): 
1. VIEW SHOWING NORTHWEST ELEVATION OF CLOTH ROOM/SECTION 15 IN FOREGROUND, WITH MILL NO. 2 IN BACKGROUND (left) AND NAPPING BUILDING/SECTION 12 AND MILL NO. 1 IN BACKGROUND (right), LOOKING EAST. June 1989
2. VIEW OF WASTE HOUSE/SECTION 16 IN FOREGROUND CENTER, WITH NAPPING BUILDING/SECTION 12 AT LEFT, CLOTH ROOM/SECTION 15 IN CENTER, SHOWING SAWTOOTH MONITOR ROOF. MILL NO. 1/SECTION 4 IS AT EXTREME RIGHT: BOOTT MILLS AND CHIMNEY IN BACKGROUND (ACROSS BRIDGE STREET), LOOKING WEST-NORTHWEST. April 1989


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