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Massachusetts

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Lowell

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Boott Cotton Mills, John Street at Merrimack River, Lowell, Middlesex County, MA



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Item Title


Location
John Street at Merrimack River, Lowell, MA

Find maps of Lowell, MA


Created/Published
Documentation compiled after 1968.

Notes
Survey number HAER MA-16
Unprocessed field note material exists for this structure (FN-2).
Building/structure dates: 1835 initial construction
Building/structure dates: 1847 subsequent work
Building/structure dates: 1860 subsequent work
Building/structure dates: 1910 subsequent work
Building/structure dates: 1973 subsequent work
Significance: Boott Cotton Mills is one of the oldest surviving large-scale textile mill complexes in the United States. Built as an original, and integral, part of the City of Lowell, the Boott Cotton Mills has utilized the 17-foot drop between the Eastern Canal and the Merrimack River for water power purposes ever since 1835. Important steps in the growth of American industry, technology, water power generation and scientific management can be traced through the evolution of mid-and late-19th century structures at Boott Cotton Mills.

Subjects
Historic Sites
Brick Buildings
Textile Mills


Related Names
Boott , Kir
Proprietors Of Locks & Canals On The Merrimack Riv
E. Howard & Company
Swain Turbine Company
Allis-Chalmers Manufacturing Company
General Electric Company
Barlow, W. Lewis, Field Team
Parrott, Charles, Field Team
Lowe, Jet, Photographer
Bahr, Betsy, Historian
Hurst, Deborah M. Rehn., Delineator
Hartley, Donald C., Delineator
Monaldo, Michael J., Delineator
Pendergrass, Pamela, Delineator
Thompson, Howard Lee, Delineator


Collection
Historic American Engineering Record (Library of Congress)

Contents
Photograph caption(s): 
1. GENERAL VIEW OF BOOTT-MILLS LOOKING WEST FROM ACROSS THE MERRIMACK RIVER w/JOSEPH R. OUELLETTE BRIDGE IN FOREGROUND (1982)
2. GENERAL VIEW OF BOOTT-MILLS FROM THE SOUTHWEST (1982)
3. GENERAL VIEW OF MILLS LOOKING SOUTHEAST FROM STOREHOUSE ROOF
4. GENERAL VIEW LOOKING SOUTHEAST ALONG CANAL FROM ROOF OF MILL #9, NOTE TROLLEY CAR TO RIGHT OF CANAL
5. MILL #8 VIEW FROM THE SOUTH (1982)
6. VIEW OF MILLS #6 & #7 WITH CONNECTOR BETWEEN, FROM BRIDGE ST. (1982)
7. VIEW OF MILL #7 FIRE ESCAPE NORTHEAST ELEVATION (1982)
8. DETAIL, MILL #6 FROM BRIDGE ST. LOOKING WEST, (1982)
9. VIEW OF MILL #6 FROM THE SOUTH (1982)
10. MILL #6, DETAIL OF RAILROAD ENTRY, (1982)
11. DETAIL, BRICK WORK AT WINDOWS, MILL #6 FACING EASTERN CANAL (1982)
12. NORTHWEST END OF MILLS TAKEN FROM STOREHOUSE ROOF, LOOKING NORTHWEST
13. GENERAL VIEW OF CANAL/MERRIMACK WASTEWAY BY MILLS #8 AND #9, LOOKING NORTHWEST, BOARDINGHOUSE AND STOREHOUSE ARE ON LEFT
14. WEST CORNER OF MILL #9, VIEW IS FROM ACROSS MERRIMACK WASTEWAY LOOKING NORTH
15. NORTH CORNER OF MILL #5, LOOKING UP THE MERRIMACK WASTEWAY
16. MILL #5, WEST, VIEW OF TAILRACE, TURBINE #2
17. BRIDGE AT FOOT OF JOHN ST. ACROSS EASTERN CANAL INTO BOOTT-MILLS COMPLEX VIEW EAST TO COUNTING HOUSE & MILL # 6 (1982)
18. FRONT GATE AND ENTRANCE TO MILLS, LOOKING NORTHEAST
19. GENERAL VIEW TAKEN FROM ROOF OF MILL #9 SHOWING MILL YARD #1 (UPPER), LOOKING SOUTHEAST.
20. GENERAL VIEW FROM ROOF OF MILL #3, LOOKING SOUTH SHOWING MILLS #1 #2 AND #6, AND OFFICES
21. VIEW OF CENTRAL COURTYARD LOOKING EAST, MILL #2 ON LEFT, MILL #6 AND COUNTING HOUSE ON RIGHT (1982)
22. VIEW SHOWING EMERGENCY CONTROL GATE BETWEEN MILLS #2 AND #3, AND RED FIREHOUSE
23. VIEW LOOKING NORTHEAST SHOWING 3 SKYWALKS BETWEEN MILLS #2 AND #3 WITH BOOTT COTTON MILLS SIGN IN BACKGROUND
24. BRIDGES BETWEEN MILLS #6 AND # 1 LOOKING EAST
25. BRIDGES BETWEEN MILLS #9 AND #4, SOUTHEAST SIDE
26. VIEW OF CLOCK/STAIR TOWER, CONNECTOR MILLS #1 & #2 LOOKING NORTHEAST
27. DETAIL SHOWING CONNECTOR MILLS #1 AND #2 LOOKING NORTHEAST
28. DETAIL OF CLOCK TOWER, CONNECTOR MILLS #1 AND #2 (1982)
29. DETAIL, EXTERIOR STAIR WELL, MILL #6, NORTHWEST CORNER (1982)
30. MILL #6, DETAIL OF NORTH DOORWAY
31. DETAIL OF WINDOW (12 OVER 12) WITH BRICK ARCH, MILL #4 CONNECTOR
32. DETAIL, CLOCKWORK MECHANISM; CLOCK TOWER; CONNECTOR, MILLS #1 AND #2 (1982)
33. FIFTH FLOOR VIEW, LOOKING NORTH WEST MILLS #1 AND 2 (1982)
34. MILL #5, WEST, DETAIL SHOWING TURBINE #6, LOOKING SOUTHEAST
35. MILL #5, WEST, DETAIL SHOWING GOVERNOR AND CONTROLS FOR TURBINE #6
36. MILL #5, EAST, DETAIL SHOWING TURBINE #1
37. MILL #5, EAST, DETAIL SHOWING ELECTRICAL PANEL FOR TURBINE #1
38. MILL #7, BASEMENT AREA (POSSIBLY FOR COAL STORAGE)
39. VIEW SHOWING RAILROAD TRACKS GOING INTO MILLS #6 AND #7
40. DETAIL OF FOUNDATION SHOWING COLUMNS AND STEEL SUPPORT SYSTEM CONNECTOR MILLS #6 AND #7
41. MILL #1 TURBINE ROOM, LOOKING WEST
42. POWERHOUSE, DETAIL SHOWING TURBINE, FIRST FLOOR, LOOKING NORTHEAST
43. POWERHOUSE, GENERAL VIEW AT MEZZANINE LEVEL, LOOKING NORTHWEST TO CRANE AND ELECTRICAL PANELS
44. POWERHOUSE, DETAIL OF DOOR, MEZZANINE LEVEL, NORTHWEST WALL
45. POWERHOUSE, GENERAL VIEW FROM MEZZANINE LEVEL LOOKING DOWN ON GENERATOR (GENERAL ELECTRIC 1902)
46. POWERHOUSE, GENERAL VIEW, FIRST FLOOR, LOOKING EAST
47. GENERAL DETAIL SHOWING DOOR AND STAIRWAY IN CONNECTOR TOWER WHICH JOINS MILLS #3 and #4, LOOKING EAST
48. MILL #4, GENERAL VIEW OF TURBINE #9, SOUTHEAST CORNER, LOOKING SOUTHWEST
49. MILL #4, DETAIL SHOWING TURBINE #9 GOVERNOR, SOUTHEAST CORNER
50. DETAIL OF STAIR, 2ND FLOOR MILL #8 (1982)
51. DETAIL OF STAIR, 3RD FLOOR MILL #8 (1982)
52. MILL #8, DETAIL OF CEILING SHOWING COLUMNS AND CAPITALS, SECOND FLOOR
53. MILL #8, DETAIL SHOWING COLUMN CAPITAL, SECOND FLOOR, NORTHEAST SIDE
54. VIEW ACROSS MILL #8, THIRD FLOOR (1982)
55. STOREHOUSE, NORTHWEST AND NORTHEAST SIDES
56. STOREHOUSE, NORTHWEST SIDES
57. STOREHOUSE, DETAIL SHOWING CAST IRON WINDOW FRAME
58. STOREHOUSE, DETAIL SHOWING IRON FRAME WINDOW FROM INSIDE
59. STOREHOUSE, GENERAL VIEW, SEVENTH FLOOR, LOOKING NORTHEAST
60. STOREHOUSE, GENERAL VIEW, THIRD FLOOR, LOOKING SOUTHWEST
61. STOREHOUSE, DETAIL OF SPRINKLER SYSTEM SHOWING GAUGES, BASEMENT
62. STOREHOUSE, DETAIL OF SPRINKLER SYSTEM, BASEMENT


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