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Thibodaux

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Laurel Valley Sugar Plantation, Shotgun Quarters, 2 miles South of Thibodaux on State Route 308, Thibodaux, Lafourche Parish, LA



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HB502786

HB502787

HB502788

HB502789

HB502790


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Item Title
Laurel Valley Sugar Plantation, Shotgun Quarters, 2 miles South of Thibodaux on State Route 308, Thibodaux, Lafourche Parish, LA

Location
2 miles South of Thibodaux on State Route 308, Thibodaux, LA

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Created/Published
Documentation compiled after 1968.

Notes
Survey number HAER LA-1-J
Building/structure dates: 1920 initial construction
Significance: This structure is linear in construction and used extensively in Bayou LaFourche plantations and the surrounding area. The term is derived from the belief that a shotgun could be fired from the front door through the back door without any buckshot damage along its path. For the most part Laurel Valley's twenty-six houses follow the general shotgun design. They are one room wide, two rooms long, and have centered front and rear doors, but they differ in that there is a staggered interior door in the central partition near the single heart fireplace. Tenants used the front rooms for sleeping and the rear for cooking and eating. A wash window was located on a side wall in the rear room. The Laurel Valley shotguns were built between 1904 and 1920 by Barker-Lepine. They were used by individual families who worked on the plantation, undoubtedly as field hands or general laborers.

Subjects
Sugar Industry
Houses


Related Names
Barker-Lepine


Collection
Historic American Engineering Record (Library of Congress)

Contents
Photograph caption(s): 
1. General view looking down row of typical workers' shotgun houses, looking W.
2. 3/4 view of side and rear elevations of shotgun house, looking SW.
3. View of rear elevation of shotgun house.
4. Interior view of shotgun house looking through deteriorated, exterior side wall.
5. Interior view of living room of shotgun house showing brick fireplace.


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