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Avery Island

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Avery Island Salt Works, Akzo Salt Incorporated, Avery Island, Iberia Parish, LA



B&W Photos

HB505373
Breaker Building From Pipeline

HB505374
View Of Site From South

HB505375
Breaker Building From Southwest

HB505376
Breaker Building From Southwest

HB505377
Breaker Building From Northwest, Church In Foreground

HB505378
Breaker Building From Northeast, Conveyer In Foreground

HB505379
Breaker Building From Northeast

HB505380
Breaker Building From Northeast

HB505381
Breaker Building From Northeast

HB505382
Breaker Building, East Elevation

HB505383
Breaker Complex From South End Of Railroad

HB505384
Sugar House At South Side Of Breaker Building

HB505385
Breaker Building Engine House, Main Shaft

HB505386
Conveyer Belt And Barge From South, With Breaker Building In Background

HB505387
View North From Eighth Level Of Breaker Building, Showing Lift House To The Right

HB505388
Main Lift House From Southeast

HB505389
Main Lift House And Conveyer From South

HB505390
View Looking South From Eighth Floor Of Breaker Building

HB505391
Looking South Along Canal

HB505392
Wheels On Eighth Level Of Breaker Building

HB505393
Tyler Screens On Level Six

HB505394
View Down Shaft

HB505395
Tyler Screens On Level Five

HB505396
Rotex Screens On Level Four

HB505397
Rotex Screens On Level Four

HB505398
Level Three, Looking Towards Gundlach Crusher

HB505399
Level Three From Stairs

HB505400
Steam Hoist, Cylinder And Slide, North Side Of Machine

HB505401
Steam Hoist Cable Drum

HB505402
Interior Of Cable Drum

HB505403
Steam Hoist, Northeast Corner

HB505404
Compressor Unit (no Longer In Use)

HB505405
Cylinder Head Of Steam Powered Compressor Unit

HB505406
Compressor Head, Detail

HB505407
Steam Engine And Compressor

HB505408
Steam Hoist Engine

HB505409
Hoist Operator

HB505410
Hoist Controls

HB505411
Hoist Controls And Operator

HB505412
Directional Controls, Steam Hoist

HB505413
Plaque On Steam Hoist Engine: 'vulcan Iron Works; Wilkes Barre; Pa; No 969'

HB505414
Truck At 1300 Foot Bench

HB505415
Truck At 1300 Foot Bench

HB505416
1300 Foot Bench

HB505417
Stockpile At 900 Foot Level

HB505418
Screening Tower At 900 Foot Level

HB505419
Face Drill At 100 Foot Face

HB505420
Rusted Out Marion Electric Shovel At 500 Foot Level

HB505421
West Elevation, Engine House And B

HB505422
Barge In Canal

HB505423
Swamp

HB505424
First Avery Mine And Sink Holes

HB505425
Clearance Of Site Prior To Construction Of Breaker Building, And Construction Of Embankment For Railroad Spur

HB505426
Two Sink Holes Over First Salt Mine, 'the Blue Hole.' C.1899 (akzo No

HB505427
Sinking The Shaft March 23, 1899 (akzo No

HB505428
Construction Of Breaker Building

HB505429
Construction Of Breaker Building, North Elevation

HB505430
Construction Of Breaker Building, From Northeast

HB505431
Construction Of Breaker Building

HB505432
Breaker Building With Boilers At Front

HB505433
Construction Of Breaker Building, 1899 (akzo No

HB505434
Construction Of Breaker Building

HB505435
Construction Of Breaker Building

HB505436
Breaker Building

HB505437
Breaker Building

HB505438
Mules At Undercut Working Face

HB505439
Mine, Working Face

HB505440
Mine

HB505441
Mine

HB505442
Mine Face With Railroad

HB505443
Mine, Early 1900s (akzo No

HB505444
Electric Undercutter In Factory

HB505445
Ac/dc Rectifier

HB505446
Electric Locomotive

HB505447
Electric Locomotive And Train Of Steel Hoppers

HB505448
Aerial View Of Site From Southwest

HB505449
Aerial View From East

HB505450
New Evaporator Building (left) With Breaker (rear) And Power House (center)

HB505451
Steam Hoist Arriving From Vulcan Iron Works, Wilkes Barre, Pa

HB505452
Diesel-powered Vertical Generating Engines In Power House, 1922 (akzo No

HB505453
Screens, Breaker Building, C.1925 (akzo No

HB505454
Fine Milling Rig

HB505455
Block Press

HB505456
Layout Plan For Avery Mine

HB505457
Avery Rock Salt Mining Company, Plan

HB505458
Mine Map

HB505459
Mine Map

HB505460
Mine Map

HB505461
Plot Plan, Avery Salt Company

HB505462
Plot Plan, Avery Salt Company

HB505463
Location Plan Of Proposed Canal & Plan Of Turning Basin

HB505464
Salt Breaker, Side Elevation

HB505465
Salt Breaker, Side Elevation

HB505466
Salt Breaker, Elevations

HB505467
Salt Breaker

HB505468
Salt Breaker

HB505469
Salt Breaker, Elevations

HB505470
Foundation Plan

HB505471
Plan And Section Of 24' X 48' Engines

HB505472
Foundation Setting For 14' X 36' Corliss Engine

HB505473

HB505474

HB505475

HB505476

HB505477


Data Pages


Drawings


Photo Caption Pages


Item Title


Location
Akzo Salt Incorporated, Avery Island, LA

Find maps of Avery Island, LA


Created/Published
Documentation compiled after 1968.

Notes
Survey number HAER LA-9
Unprocessed field note material exists for this structure (FN-15).
Building/structure dates: 1899 initial construction
Significance: The Steam Hoist is the oldest still operating in the United States and has a history of ninety years of continuous use on the same site. The Breaker Building is one of the few surviving examples of this type of timber-framed industrial structure. The Salt Works is part of the site of the oldest salt mine in the United States.

Related Names
Akzo Salt Incorporated


Collection
Historic American Engineering Record (Library of Congress)

Contents
Photograph caption(s): 
1. BREAKER BUILDING FROM PIPELINE
2. VIEW OF SITE FROM SOUTH
3. BREAKER BUILDING FROM SOUTHWEST
4. BREAKER BUILDING FROM SOUTHWEST
5. BREAKER BUILDING FROM NORTHWEST, CHURCH IN FOREGROUND
6. BREAKER BUILDING FROM NORTHEAST, CONVEYER IN FOREGROUND
7. BREAKER BUILDING FROM NORTHEAST
8. BREAKER BUILDING FROM NORTHEAST
9. BREAKER BUILDING FROM NORTHEAST
10. BREAKER BUILDING, EAST ELEVATION
11. BREAKER COMPLEX FROM SOUTH END OF RAILROAD
12. SUGAR HOUSE AT SOUTH SIDE OF BREAKER BUILDING
13. BREAKER BUILDING ENGINE HOUSE, MAIN SHAFT
14. CONVEYER BELT AND BARGE FROM SOUTH, WITH BREAKER BUILDING IN BACKGROUND
15. VIEW NORTH FROM EIGHTH LEVEL OF BREAKER BUILDING, SHOWING LIFT HOUSE TO THE RIGHT
16. MAIN LIFT HOUSE FROM SOUTHEAST
17. MAIN LIFT HOUSE AND CONVEYER FROM SOUTH
18. VIEW LOOKING SOUTH FROM EIGHTH FLOOR OF BREAKER BUILDING
19. LOOKING SOUTH ALONG CANAL
20. WHEELS ON EIGHTH LEVEL OF BREAKER BUILDING
21. TYLER SCREENS ON LEVEL SIX
22. VIEW DOWN SHAFT
23. TYLER SCREENS ON LEVEL FIVE
24. ROTEX SCREENS ON LEVEL FOUR
25. ROTEX SCREENS ON LEVEL FOUR
26. LEVEL THREE, LOOKING TOWARDS GUNDLACH CRUSHER
27. LEVEL THREE FROM STAIRS
28. STEAM HOIST, CYLINDER AND SLIDE, NORTH SIDE OF MACHINE
29. STEAM HOIST CABLE DRUM
30. INTERIOR OF CABLE DRUM
31. STEAM HOIST, NORTHEAST CORNER
32. COMPRESSOR UNIT (NO LONGER IN USE)
33. CYLINDER HEAD OF STEAM POWERED COMPRESSOR UNIT
34. COMPRESSOR HEAD, DETAIL
35. STEAM ENGINE AND COMPRESSOR
36. STEAM HOIST ENGINE
37. HOIST OPERATOR
38. HOIST CONTROLS
39. HOIST CONTROLS AND OPERATOR
40. DIRECTIONAL CONTROLS, STEAM HOIST
41. PLAQUE ON STEAM HOIST ENGINE: 'VULCAN IRON WORKS; WILKES BARRE; PA; NO 969'
42. TRUCK AT 1300 FOOT BENCH
43. TRUCK AT 1300 FOOT BENCH
44. 1300 FOOT BENCH
45. STOCKPILE AT 900 FOOT LEVEL
46. SCREENING TOWER AT 900 FOOT LEVEL
47. FACE DRILL AT 100 FOOT FACE
48. RUSTED OUT MARION ELECTRIC SHOVEL AT 500 FOOT LEVEL
49. WEST ELEVATION, ENGINE HOUSE AND B. B. BUILDING
50. BARGE IN CANAL
51. SWAMP
53. FIRST AVERY MINE AND SINK HOLES. c.1894 (AKZO No. A-2)
54. CLEARANCE OF SITE PRIOR TO CONSTRUCTION OF BREAKER BUILDING, AND CONSTRUCTION OF EMBANKMENT FOR RAILROAD SPUR. c.1898 (AKZO No. A-3)
55. TWO SINK HOLES OVER FIRST SALT MINE, 'THE BLUE HOLE.' c.1899 (AKZO No. A-4)
56. SINKING THE SHAFT March 23, 1899 (AKZO No. A-5)
57. CONSTRUCTION OF BREAKER BUILDING. 1899 (AKZO No. A-6)
58. CONSTRUCTION OF BREAKER BUILDING, NORTH ELEVATION. January 1899 (AKZO No. A-7)
59. CONSTRUCTION OF BREAKER BUILDING, FROM NORTHEAST. 1899 (AKZO No. A-8)
60. CONSTRUCTION OF BREAKER BUILDING. 1899 (AKZO No. A-9)
61. BREAKER BUILDING WITH BOILERS AT FRONT. 1899 (AKZO No. A-10)
62. CONSTRUCTION OF BREAKER BUILDING, 1899 (AKZO No. A-11)
63. CONSTRUCTION OF BREAKER BUILDING. 1899 (AKZO No. A-12)
64. CONSTRUCTION OF BREAKER BUILDING. 1899 (AKZO No. A-13)
65. BREAKER BUILDING. 1899 (AKZO No. A-14)
66. BREAKER BUILDING. c. 1900 (AKZO No. A-16)
67. MULES AT UNDERCUT WORKING FACE. c.1900 (AKZO No. A-25)
68. MINE, WORKING FACE. c.1900 (AKZO No. A-28)
69. MINE. c.1900 (AKZO No, A-33)
70. MINE. c.1900 (AKZO No. A-35) 71. 'LOW ROOF MINING' c.1900 (AKZO No. A-26) 72. 'DRILLING WITH OLD COMPRESSED AIR DRILLS.' c.1900 (AKZO No. A-29)
73. MINE FACE WITH RAILROAD. Early 1900s (AKZO No. A-27)
74. MINE, Early 1900s (AKZO No. A-34)
75. ELECTRIC UNDERCUTTER IN FACTORY. c.1921 (AKZO No A-24)
76. AC/DC RECTIFIER. c.1925 (AKZO No. A-32)
77. ELECTRIC LOCOMOTIVE. c.1925 (AKZO No. A-30)
78. ELECTRIC LOCOMOTIVE AND TRAIN OF STEEL HOPPERS. c.1925 (AKZO No. A-31)
79. AERIAL VIEW OF SITE FROM SOUTHWEST. c.1932 (AKZO No. A-17)
80. AERIAL VIEW FROM EAST. c.1932 (AKZO A-18)
81. NEW EVAPORATOR BUILDING (LEFT) WITH BREAKER (REAR) AND POWER HOUSE (CENTER). c.1932 (AKZO No. A-19)
82. STEAM HOIST ARRIVING FROM VULCAN IRON WORKS, WILKES BARRE, PA. 1899 (AKZO No. A-15) 83. (LEFT TO RIGHT) SADIE MCILHENNY, JOE CLARK JR., MRS JOSEPH CLARK AND AN UNKNOWN LADY. (AKZO No. A-40)
84. DIESEL-POWERED VERTICAL GENERATING ENGINES IN POWER HOUSE, 1922 (AKZO No. A-23)
85. SCREENS, BREAKER BUILDING, c.1925 (AKZO No. A-21)
86. FINE MILLING RIG. c.1925 (AKZO No. A-20)
87. BLOCK PRESS. c.1925 (AKZO No. A-22)
88. LAYOUT PLAN FOR AVERY MINE. January 1900 (AKZO No. 7-83-01
89. AVERY ROCK SALT MINING COMPANY, PLAN. June 16, 1924 (AKZO No. 7-77-02)
90. MINE MAP. September 1929 (AKZO No. 7-83-03)
91. MINE MAP. April 1938 (No number)
92. MINE MAP. January 1952 (No number)
93. PLOT PLAN, AVERY SALT COMPANY. January 24, 1933 (AKZO No. 7-75-02)
94. PLOT PLAN, AVERY SALT COMPANY. January 29, 1935 (AKZO No. 7-75-03)
95. LOCATION PLAN OF PROPOSED CANAL & PlAN OF TURNING BASIN. 1931, Revised 1935 (AKZO No. 6-61-09)
96. SALT BREAKER, SIDE ELEVATION. January 1903 (AKZO No. 1-14-09)
97. SALT BREAKER, SIDE ELEVATION. 1938 (AKZO No. 1-14-06)
98. SALT BREAKER, ELEVATIONS. 1938 (AKZO No. 1-14-06)
99. SALT BREAKER. ELEVATION. 1938 (AKZO No. 1-14-06)
100. SALT BREAKER. SECTIONS. 1938 (AKZO No. 1-14-06)
101. SALT BREAKER, ELEVATIONS. 1938 (AKZO No. 1-14-06)
102. FOUNDATION PLAN. 1938 (AKZO No 1-14-06)
103. PlAN AND SECTION OF 24' X 48' ENGINES. 1899 (AKZO No. 2-26-A-02)
104. FOUNDATION SETTING FOR 14' X 36' CORLISS ENGINE. 1899 (AKZO No. 2-26-A-03) 105. 'DRIVE FOR LILLY MODEL 'D' CONTROLLER.' 1930 (AKZO No. 85-1249) 106. 'THROTTLE CLOSING DEVICE.' 1930 (AKZO No. S-249)


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