Historic Photographs

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Kentucky

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Mammoth Cave

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Mammoth Cave Saltpeter Works, Mammoth Cave, Edmonson County, KY



See 11 maps of this location


B&W Photos

HB488961
Historic Cave Entrance

HB488962
View Looking Towards Gateway To Cave Entrance, Under Rock Overhang Of Historic Entrance

HB488963
View Inside Historic Entrance Looking Northwest Showing Exterior Stairway Up To Surface

HB488964
View Looking Northwest From Gateway Inside Cave Entrance Showing Stairway Leading To Surface

HB488965
Remnants Of Hollow Log Pipes In Floor Of Houchens' Narrows

HB488966
Interior View Of Rotunda

HB488967
Overall View Of Rotunda Leaching Complex (slightly Out-of-focus)

HB488968
View Of Model Of Rotunda Leaching Complex

HB488969
Detail Of Drains On Vat #2 In Rotunda

HB488970
Remnants Of Collecting Tank And Pump In Rotunda (slightly Out-of-focus)

HB488971
View Of Hollow Log Pipes In Original Configuration At The 'methodist Church'

HB488972
View Of Leaching Vats In Booth's Amphitheater

HB488973
Detail Of Leaching Vat #7 In Booth's Amphitheater

HB488974
Detail Of Corner Joinery Of Vat #7 In Booth's Amphitheater

HB488975
Detail Of Leaching Vat #2 And Drainage Trough In Booth's Amphitheater

HB488976
Detail Of Foundation And Framing Joinery Of Vat #2 In Booth's Amphitheater

HB488977
View Of Collapsed Flooring And Foundation Stones Of Vat #2 In Booth's Amphitheater

HB488978
View Of Collecting Tank In Booth's Amphitheater

HB488979
View Of Vats 2, 3, And 4 And Collecting Tank From Booth's Pulpit In Booth's Amphitheater

HB488980
View Looking East Towards Booth's Pulpit Showing Vats 2, 3 And 4.


Data Pages


Drawings


Photo Caption Pages


Item Title


Location
Mammoth Cave, KY

Find maps of Mammoth Cave, KY


Created/Published
Documentation compiled after 1968.

Notes
Survey number HAER KY-18
Unprocessed field note material exists for this structure (FN-2).
Building/structure dates: 1810 initial construction
Building/structure dates: 1815
Significance: Mammoth Cave Saltpeter Works represent the most complete example known of the equipment used in the processing of cave saltpeter, a major component of gunpowder during the War of 1812. The works were constructed in their present form while under the ownership of Charles Wilkins of Lexington, Kentucky, and his partners, Fleming Gatewood of Warren County, Kentucky and Hyman Gratz of Philadelphia. The saltpeter manufactured here, perhaps as much as 115,000 pounds during 1814, was sole to eastern gunpowder manufacturers to meet American military needs. The works were abandoned about 1815, at the end of the war. Presently nine leaching vats, two collecting tanks, a portion of one pump, about fifty sections of wooden water pipe, and several pumptower timbers remain.

Subjects
Caves
Processing Plants


Related Names
Wilkins, Charles
Gatewood, Fleming
Gratz, Hyman


Collection
Historic American Engineering Record (Library of Congress)

Contents
Photograph caption(s): 
1. Historic cave entrance
2. View looking towards gateway to cave entrance, under rock overhang of historic entrance
3. View inside historic entrance looking northwest showing exterior stairway up to surface
4. View looking northwest from gateway inside cave entrance showing stairway leading to surface
5. Remnants of hollow log pipes in floor of Houchens' Narrows
6. Interior view of Rotunda
7. Overall view of Rotunda leaching complex (slightly out-of-focus)
8. View of model of Rotunda leaching complex
9. Detail of drains on vat #2 in Rotunda
10. Remnants of collecting tank and pump in Rotunda (slightly out-of-focus)
11. View of hollow log pipes in original configuration at the 'Methodist Church'
12. View of leaching vats in Booth's Amphitheater
13. Detail of leaching vat #7 in Booth's Amphitheater
14. Detail of corner joinery of vat #7 in Booth's Amphitheater
15. Detail of leaching vat #2 and drainage trough in Booth's Amphitheater
16. Detail of foundation and framing joinery of vat #2 in Booth's Amphitheater
17. View of collapsed flooring and foundation stones of vat #2 in Booth's Amphitheater
18. View of collecting tank in Booth's Amphitheater
19. View of vats 2, 3, and 4 and collecting tank from Booth's pulpit in Booth's Amphitheater
20. View looking east towards Booth's pulpit showing vats 2, 3 and 4.


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