Fort Riley, Fort Riley, Riley County, KS
Photo Caption Pages
Fort Riley, KS
Find maps of Fort Riley, KS
Documentation compiled after 1933.
Survey number HABS KS-54
Unprocessed field note material exists for this structure (FN-2).
Building/structure dates: 1852 initial construction
Building/structure dates: 1885 subsequent work
Building/structure dates: 1926 subsequent work
Significance: Fort Riley was established in the 1850's to protect settlers and traders traveling along the Santa Fe and Oregon Trails. It was laid out in a traditional cavalry post plan with limestone officer's quarters and barracks situated around a rectangular parade ground. This configuration remained for thirty years when it was decided to use the post for separate schools for cavalry and artillery troops. The post underwent a dramatic change at this time when a new plan featuring two separate but adjoining posts, was superimposed over the 1850's plan. The new plan symbolized the fundamental change that occurred at Western posts after the Civil War - the transformation from small, temporary frontier posts to large, permanent posts. A plan such as that of Fort Riley provided comfortable accommodations and amenities for the soldiers and their families, similar to those enjoyed by civilians in comparable situations. This plan also represents an early instance of multi-disciplinary planning, coordinated by a single hand. Engineering, architecture and landscape design all influenced the finished layout and three dimensional character of the post. The 1880's plan continues to dominate the appearance of Fort Riley.
Forts & Fortifications
Ogden, Maj. Edmund A.
Sheridan, Gen. Philip H.
Schofield, Gen. J. M.
Pond, Capt. George E.
Stair, W. H.
Whye, Mike, Photographer
Crawford, Catherine, Historian
Glass, James A., Historian
Ridriquez, Joseph, Historian
Historic American Buildings Survey (Library of Congress)
1. ON ARTILLERY PARADE GROUND'S SOUTHEAST END, LOOKING NORTH, CENTERED ON COMMANDING OFFICER'S QUARTERS (BUILDING #100).
2. FROM BUILDING #98A, LOOKING SOUTH ACROSS ARTILLERY PARADE GROUND.
3. ON ARTILLERY PARADE GROUND, SOUTHEAST OF BUILDING #100, LOOKING SOUTHEAST.
4. NEAR BUILDING #100, LOOKING EAST ALONG SCHOFIELD CIRCLE, SHOWING BUILDING #100 ON LEFT.
5. BETWEEN BUILDING #98 AND BUILDING #162 ON PERSHING, LOOKING SOUTH TOWARD ARTILLERY PARADE GROUND, SHOWING OLD HEADQUARTERS OF ARTILLERY, BUILDING #94.
6. NEAR BUILDING #104B, LOOKING TOWARD #100 WITH OTHERS ON SCHOFIELD CIRCLE.
7. ARTILLERY PARADE GROUND, LOOKING NORTH, FROM OPPOSITE BUILDING #171, SHOWING TERRACING OF HOUSES ON HILL.
8. LOOKING EAST FROM CENTER OF CAVALRY PARADE GROUND, SHOWING CAVALRY MUSEUM.
9. FROM SOUTH OF BUILDING #24, LOOKING NORTH TOWARD BUILDINGS #23, #24, #25.
10. LOOKING NORTH FROM THE CENTER OF THE CAVALRY PARADE GROUND.
11. FROM SOUTH OF BUILDING #21, LOOKING EAST-NORTHEAST, SHOWING BUILDINGS 22-25.
12. LOOKING NORTH ON FORSYTH AVENUE FROM STATUE.
13. ON FORSYTH AVENUE, NEAR BUILDING #14B, LOOKING NORTH TOWARD BUILDING #1.
14. FROM BARRY & FORSYTH AVENUES, LOOKING SOUTH TO STATUE.
15. ON FORSYTH, NEAR BUILDING #14B, LOOKING SOUTH TOWARD STATUE.
16. ON FORSYTH, NEAR BUILDING #10A-B, LOOKING SOUTH.
17. LOWER BRICK COURT, LOOKING SOUTH FROM NEAR BUILDING #230.
18. LOWER BRICK COURT, LOOKING SOUTH FROM BETWEEN BUILDINGS #117 AND 119.
19. LOWER BRICK COURT, LOOKING SOUTH FROM NEAR BUILDING #117.
20. STONE COURT, LOOKING NORTHWEST TOWARD EAST (FRONT) ELEVATIONS OF EASTERN ROW OF HOUSES.
21. STONE COURT, FROM SOUTHEAST OF STREET, LOOKING NORTHWEST AT EAST (REAR) ELEVATIONS OF WESTERN ROW OF HOUSES.
22. ON BARRY, NEAR CARR HALL, LOOKING EAST TOWARD BUILDING #5, #4, #2.
23. ON BARRY, VIEW TO NORTHWEST ALONG HOUSES ON CURVE.
24. CARPENTER COURT, FROM NORTHWEST END, LOOKING SOUTHEAST.
25. NORTH OF PERSHING AVENUE, LOOKING EAST TO BUILDINGS #333, #334 & #335.
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