Fort Riley, Building No. 2, 2 Barry Avenue, Fort Riley, Riley County, KS
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2 Barry Avenue, Fort Riley, KS
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Documentation compiled after 1933.
Survey number HABS KS-54-E
Building/structure dates: 1889 initial construction
Building/structure dates: 1930 subsequent work
Significance: Building #2 Barry Avenue is significant as an example of one of the three single family quarters built for the field officers in 1889-1890. Building #26 Sheridan Avenue, built the same year, is the exact reverse plan of Building #2. Building #19 Sheridan Avenue, built in 1890, was constructed from the same plan as Building #2. All three exhibit the same architectural design and external detailing. The only notable difference is that the balcony on Building #2 is entered from a pair of doors off the bedroom (see HABS photo KS-54-E-5). Building #19 and #26 have a pair of windows here instead. Inside, detailing features, moldings and fireplace mantels, etc. vary. The three residences were strategically located around the company officer's quarters, oriented to the cavalry post area. Building #2 was built to the west side of the cavalry commander's residence, Building #1, being the residence of the officer second in rank to the commander. Building #1 was the first house built on Barry Avenue and Building #2, the second, in 1888 and 1889 respectively. Building #19 and #26 sit at an angle at either end of the row of company officer's quarters along Sheridan Avenue. Thus, Building #2, #19 and #26 become the cornerstones of the residential section for the officers of the cavalry post area. Later, as the fort expanded, two additional field officer's quarters were constructed to the west of Building #2 along Barry Avenue. These two single family residences, Building #4 and #5, were built in 1903 and 1904 respectively. They were a later version of Buildings #2, #19 and #26, having the identical floor plan with only slight variations in dimensions (#2, #19 and #26 being somewhat larger) and in interior detailing. The distinguishing characteristics of the two groups are their architectural details. For example, Buildings #2, #19 and #26 have an elaborate, curved limestone balcony or "ombra" with decorative iron railings while Buildings #4 and #5 have a small, ornamental, nonfunctioning, plain limestone balcony. Buildings #19 and #26 have a variegated frame entry section with #4 and #5 have plain smoot-faced lintels and sills. Also, the original porch on Buildings #2, #19 and #26 was a bracketed, turned post porch. On Buildings #4 and #5 there was a more plain porch supported by Doric columns. Finally, in 1889, the year that Building #2 was constructed, marked the single year of greatest construction at Fort Riley prior to the 1930-1940's period. This was due to the establishment of the Cavalry and Light Artillery School in 1886 and the resulting appropriations by Congress of funds for the expansion and improvements to the fort.
Pond, Capt. George E.
Ulrich & Neal
Rodriguez, Joseph, Field Team
Whye, Mike, Photographer
Crawford, Catherine, Historian
Historic American Buildings Survey (Library of Congress)
1. SOUTH (FRONT) ELEVATION, LOOKING NORTH.
2. SOUTH (FRONT) & EAST ELEVATIONS, LOOKING NORTHWEST.
3. NORTH (REAR) AND EAST ELEVATIONS, LOOKING SOUTHWEST.
4. NORTH (REAR) & WEST ELEVATIONS, LOOKING SOUTHEAST.
5. WEST ELEVATION, BALCONY LOOKING EAST-NORTHEAST.
6. FROM FIRST LANDING, LOOKING SOUTH INTO ENTRY AREA, LIVING ROOM BEYOND (LEFT).
7. LOOKING WEST-NORTHWEST INTO ENTRY AREA.
8. AT TOP OF MAIN STAIRS, LOOKING WEST SHOWING 1ST LANDING AND STAINED GLASS WINDOWS.
9. ON NORTH END OF 2ND FLOOR HALL, LOOKING SOUTH.
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