Historic Photographs

Home

Search

Subject Browse
Browse by Subject >>

State/City Browse
Alaska
Alabama
Arkansas
Arizona
California
Colorado
Connecticut
District of Columbia
Delaware
Florida
Georgia
Hawaii
Iowa
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Massachusetts
Maryland
Maine
Michigan
Minnesota
Missouri
Mississippi
Montana
North Carolina
North Dakota
Nebraska
New Hampshire
New Jersey
New Mexico
Nevada
New York
Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island
South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah
Virginia
Vermont
Washington
Wisconsin
West Virginia
Wyoming


Home

>

Kansas

>

Fort Riley

>

Fort Riley, Building No. 100, 100 Schofield Circle, Fort Riley, Riley County, KS



See 20 maps of this location


B&W Photos

HB478577

HB478578

HB478579

HB478580

HB478581

HB478582

HB478583

HB478584

HB478585


Data Pages


Photo Caption Pages


Item Title


Location
100 Schofield Circle, Fort Riley, KS

Find maps of Fort Riley, KS


Created/Published
Documentation compiled after 1933.

Notes
Survey number HABS KS-54-J
Building/structure dates: 1887 initial construction
Building/structure dates: 1940 subsequent work
Significance: This is one of two almost identical residences built in 1887-1888 for the commanding officers of each division of the school for Cavalry and Light Artillery. Quarters #100 was built for the Commander of the Artillery Post and its twin, Building #1 Barry Avenue, was built for the Commander of the Cavalry Post. The construction of this quarters marks the beginning of a new era at Fort Riley. In 1886 it was decided that Fort Riley should become the site of the Cavalry and Light Artillery School. Thus, with the coming of the school and the addition of artillery training along with the previous emphasis on cavalry, Fort Riley was substantially enlarged. This included the establishment of separate areas for each branch. The section devoted to Cavalry related buildings was located near the original post area which was expanded, using the open yard of the old rectangular plan as the Cavalry Parade Field. A new area was planned for the Artillery buildings. Housing for artillery officers was centered around Schofield Circle with Building #100 as the keystone of the horse shoe shaped circle. Its central location on the circle with the Artillery Parade in front and the hills on the horizon was carefully planned to provide the commanding officer with a clear view of activities. It was part of Quartermaster, George E. Pond's new plan for the enlarged layout of Fort Riley. The circle got its name from Major General J.M. Schofield, commanding the Division of the Missouri, who had urged the establishment of a practical school for field artillery (Pride, p. 187). Architecturally, Buildings #100 and #1 are the grandest residences on the post. The design influence reflects that of the Queen Anne and H.H. Richardson, Romanesque Revival styles, both made popular during the 1880's.

Subjects
Officers' Quarters
Domestic Life
Military Headquarters


Related Names
Pond, Capt. George E.
Griese Brothers
White, E. F.
Rodriguez, Joseph, Field Team
Whye, Mike, Photographer
Crawford, Catherine, Historian


Collection
Historic American Buildings Survey (Library of Congress)

Contents
Photograph caption(s): 
1. SOUTHWEST & SOUTHEAST (FRONT) ELEVATIONS, LOOKING NORTHEAST.
2. FRONT BAY LOGGIA DETAIL FROM SOUTHWEST.
3. SOUTHEAST (FRONT) & NORTHEAST ELEVATIONS, LOOKING NORTHWEST.
4. NORTHEAST & NORTHWEST (REAR) ELEVATIONS, LOOKING SOUTHWEST.
5. NORTHWEST (REAR) & SOUTHWEST ELEVATIONS, LOOKING SOUTHEAST.
6. 1ST FLOOR, FROM DINING ROOM, LOOKING SOUTHEAST, SHOWING DINING ROOM FIREPLACE, LIVING ROOM (BACKGROUND LEFT) AND MAIN ENTRY (BACKGROUND RIGHT) AND VESTIBULE (FAR BACKGROUND RIGHT).
7. 1ST FLOOR, FROM MAIN STAIRS, LOOKING EAST-NORTHEAST, SHOWING MAIN ENTRY (RIGHT), DINING ROOM (LEFT) AND LIVING ROOM (BACKGROUND).
8. 1ST FLOOR, LOOKING SOUTH UP MAIN STAIRS.
9. 3RD FLOOR BEDROOM, LOOKING SOUTH, SHOWING STAIRS LEADING DOWN TO 2ND FLOOR, AND TO LOGGIA.


Back to Fort Riley, Kansas