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Indiana

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West Baden Springs

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West Baden Springs Hotel, State Route 56, West Baden Springs, Orange County, IN



B&W Photos

HB463239
General View From West Of The Marquee Entrance

HB463240
Detail View Of South (main) Entrance

HB463241
View Of South Elevation

HB463242
Southwest Elevation

HB463243
West Elevation

HB463244
View Of East (main) Entrance

HB463245
General View Of Dome

HB463246
Detail View Of Dome

HB463247
General View Of Powerhouse From Roof Of Hotel

HB463248
View Of Gardens From Roof Of Hotel

HB463249
General View Of Gardens

HB463250
General View Of Gardens And Pavilions

HB463251
General View

HB463252
General View #2, Hygeia Spring

HB463253
Detail View Of Hygeia Spring

HB463254
View Of Rotunda Through Archway Of Oriental Pergola Before Hotel

HB463255
General View #3, Belvedere

HB463256
Perspective View Of Belvedere

HB463257
General View Of Belvedere

HB463258
General View Of Atrium From Sixth Floor Showing Roof Structure And Floor Details

HB463259
General View From Floor Of Atrium Showing Roof And Interior Walls

HB463260
Detail View In A 360 Arc Of Interior Of Atrium Starting At A Point Due East From The Camera

HB463261
Arc View #2, Atrium

HB463262
Arc View #3, Atrium

HB463263
Arc View #4, Atrium

HB463264
Arc View #5, Atrium

HB463265
General View Of The Atrium From Floor Level

HB463266
View In Atrium From West To North Along Northeast Wall

HB463267
General View Of Interior Of Atrium From Sixth Floor Showing Roof Structure

HB463268
View Of East Section Of Atrium To North Of Theater Entrance

HB463269
Telephoto View Showing Typical Windows And Balconies Of Atrium

HB463270
General View Of Atrium Showing Columns, Truss Bases, And Column Capitals

HB463271
View Of Trusses, Northeast Section Of Atrium

HB463272
Detail View Showing Column Capital And Truss Base, Interior, East Side

HB463273
Telephoto View Of Atrium Interior Showing Trusses And Column Capitals

HB463274
Telephoto View, Atrium Interior, Showing Compression Ring And Medallion, Underside Of Roof Structure

HB463275
Detail View Showing Compression Ring And Giant Medallion, Underside Of Roof Structure

HB463276
Detail View, Atrium Interior, Showing Base Of Typical Truss And Sliding Joint Above Column Capital

HB463277
Detail View Looking Straight Up From Floor Of Atrium To Underside Of Roof

HB463278
Detail View Showing Typical Dome Roof Fenestration

HB463279
Detail View Of Floor Tile Showing Name Of Manufacturer, Cassini Mosaic Tile Co., Cincinnati, Ohio

HB463280
View Showing Typical Design In Floor Tile

HB463281
Detail View Showing Column Base Design And One Of Paired Pendant Lighting Fixtures Which Flank Fireplace, North Side Of Atrium

HB463282
View Of Fireplace, North Side Of Atrium, Showing Decorative Tile

HB463283
Detail View Showing Typical Lighting Fixture At Base Of Atrium Columns

HB463284
Detail View Showing Typical Atrium Balcony

HB463285
View Of Bathroom Showing Tub And Steam Cabinet

HB463286
Detail View Of Fireplace

HB463287
Detail View Showing Stencil Designs Of Anthemion With Ribbons And Bound Garlands On Dome

HB463288
Detail View Showing Floor Construction, Fifth Floor

HB463289
Detail View Showing Wall Construction, Sixth Floor From West In Room #643


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Supplemental Material


Item Title


Location
State Route 56, West Baden Springs, IN

Find maps of West Baden Springs, IN


Created/Published
Documentation compiled after 1968.

Notes
Survey number HAER IN-2
Unprocessed field note material exists for this structure (FN-14).
Building/structure dates: 1902 initial construction
National Register Number: 74000016
Significance: The West Baden Springs Hotel is notable as an engineering achievement and as a testament to an opulent social era. The main building was erected in 1901-02 after a disastrous fire destroyed an earlier hotel on the site. The energetic owner of the hotel, Lee Wiley Sinclair, has been given credit for the general idea of constructing a domed circular court surrounded by guest rooms. The actual design was carried out by a young West Virginia architect, Harrison Albright. The dome was designed by Oliver J. Westcott of the Illinois Steel Company in Chicago. The hotel is a six story structure with a 16-sided exterior enclosing two rings of rooms around the domed court which rises the full height of the building. Its principle feature is the dome itself, which is supported 24 steel ribs, and has a diameter of 195 feet. At the time of its construction, its owners, supported by the leading technical journals, claimed it to be the largest dome in the world. The great size and elegant engineering of the dome make the West Baden Springs Hotel a climax in the great era of experimentation in the use of metal and glass during the 19th century. The building also played a significant role in American social history, attracting many celebrities during the first three decades of the 20th century. Guest came at first for the mineral waters available in West Baden, but increasingly during the 1910's and 20's the main attraction at the hotel was gambling. After the hotel closed its doors during the Depression, the building became a Jesuit seminary. Since 1967, it has housed a private college.

Subjects
Colleges & Universities
Hotels
Theological Seminaries


Related Names
Albright, Harrison
Sinclair, Lee Wiley
Westcott, Oliver J.


Collection
Historic American Engineering Record (Library of Congress)

Contents
Photograph caption(s): 
1. GENERAL VIEW FROM WEST OF THE MARQUEE ENTRANCE
2. DETAIL VIEW OF SOUTH (MAIN) ENTRANCE
3. VIEW OF SOUTH ELEVATION
4. SOUTHWEST ELEVATION
5. WEST ELEVATION
6. VIEW OF EAST (MAIN) ENTRANCE
7. GENERAL VIEW OF DOME
8. DETAIL VIEW OF DOME
9. GENERAL VIEW OF POWERHOUSE FROM ROOF OF HOTEL
10. VIEW OF GARDENS FROM ROOF OF HOTEL
11. GENERAL VIEW OF GARDENS
12. GENERAL VIEW OF GARDENS AND PAVILIONS
13. GENERAL VIEW
14. GENERAL VIEW #2, HYGEIA SPRING
15. DETAIL VIEW OF HYGEIA SPRING
16. VIEW OF ROTUNDA THROUGH ARCHWAY OF ORIENTAL PERGOLA BEFORE HOTEL
17. GENERAL VIEW #3, BELVEDERE
18. PERSPECTIVE VIEW OF BELVEDERE
19. GENERAL VIEW OF BELVEDERE
20. GENERAL VIEW OF ATRIUM FROM SIXTH FLOOR SHOWING ROOF STRUCTURE AND FLOOR DETAILS
21. GENERAL VIEW FROM FLOOR OF ATRIUM SHOWING ROOF AND INTERIOR WALLS
22. DETAIL VIEW IN A 360 ARC OF INTERIOR OF ATRIUM STARTING AT A POINT DUE EAST FROM THE CAMERA . . . ARC #1
23. ARC VIEW #2, ATRIUM
24. ARC VIEW #3, ATRIUM
25. ARC VIEW #4, ATRIUM
26. ARC VIEW #5, ATRIUM
27. GENERAL VIEW OF THE ATRIUM FROM FLOOR LEVEL
28. VIEW IN ATRIUM FROM WEST TO NORTH ALONG NORTHEAST WALL
29. GENERAL VIEW OF INTERIOR OF ATRIUM FROM SIXTH FLOOR SHOWING ROOF STRUCTURE
30. VIEW OF EAST SECTION OF ATRIUM TO NORTH OF THEATER ENTRANCE
31. TELEPHOTO VIEW SHOWING TYPICAL WINDOWS AND BALCONIES OF ATRIUM
32. GENERAL VIEW OF ATRIUM SHOWING COLUMNS, TRUSS BASES, AND COLUMN CAPITALS
33. VIEW OF TRUSSES, NORTHEAST SECTION OF ATRIUM
34. DETAIL VIEW SHOWING COLUMN CAPITAL AND TRUSS BASE, INTERIOR, EAST SIDE
35. TELEPHOTO VIEW OF ATRIUM INTERIOR SHOWING TRUSSES AND COLUMN CAPITALS
36. TELEPHOTO VIEW, ATRIUM INTERIOR, SHOWING COMPRESSION RING AND MEDALLION, UNDERSIDE OF ROOF STRUCTURE
37. DETAIL VIEW SHOWING COMPRESSION RING AND GIANT MEDALLION, UNDERSIDE OF ROOF STRUCTURE
38. DETAIL VIEW, ATRIUM INTERIOR, SHOWING BASE OF TYPICAL TRUSS AND SLIDING JOINT ABOVE COLUMN CAPITAL
39. DETAIL VIEW LOOKING STRAIGHT UP FROM FLOOR OF ATRIUM TO UNDERSIDE OF ROOF
40. DETAIL VIEW SHOWING TYPICAL DOME ROOF FENESTRATION
41. DETAIL VIEW OF FLOOR TILE SHOWING NAME OF MANUFACTURER, CASSINI MOSAIC TILE CO., CINCINNATI, OHIO
42. VIEW SHOWING TYPICAL DESIGN IN FLOOR TILE
43. DETAIL VIEW SHOWING COLUMN BASE DESIGN AND ONE OF PAIRED PENDANT LIGHTING FIXTURES WHICH FLANK FIREPLACE, NORTH SIDE OF ATRIUM
44. VIEW OF FIREPLACE, NORTH SIDE OF ATRIUM, SHOWING DECORATIVE TILE
45. DETAIL VIEW SHOWING TYPICAL LIGHTING FIXTURE AT BASE OF ATRIUM COLUMNS
46. DETAIL VIEW SHOWING TYPICAL ATRIUM BALCONY
47. VIEW OF BATHROOM SHOWING TUB AND STEAM CABINET
48. DETAIL VIEW OF FIREPLACE
49. DETAIL VIEW SHOWING STENCIL DESIGNS OF ANTHEMION WITH RIBBONS AND BOUND GARLANDS ON DOME
50. DETAIL VIEW SHOWING FLOOR CONSTRUCTION, FIFTH FLOOR
51. DETAIL VIEW SHOWING WALL CONSTRUCTION, SIXTH FLOOR FROM WEST IN ROOM #643


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