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Indiana

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Cannelton

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Cannelton Cotton Mill, Front & Fourth Streets, Cannelton, Perry County, IN



See 22 maps of this location


B&W Photos

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Supplemental Material


Item Title


Location
Front & Fourth Streets, Cannelton, IN

Find maps of Cannelton, IN


Created/Published
Documentation compiled after 1968.

Notes
Survey number HAER IN-1
Unprocessed field note material exists for this structure (FN-18).
Building/structure dates: 1851 initial construction
National Register Number: 75000011
Significance: The Cennelton (later Indiana) Cotton Mill is both a monumental example of industrial architecture and evidence of a major attempt to industrialize southern Indian. With its superb masonry construction and twin towers, the structure is one of the most impressive textile mills ever built in this country. When finished the mill incorporated the newest mechanical equipment and machinery. There was an extensive fire prevention system using pumping machines and ventilation devices. The building is also important as visual proof of the attempt to create sectional harmony in the decade prior to the Civil War. Financed by New England, Southern and Western interests, it represents a broad-based attempt to challenge the textile industry of New England. Although the mill failed to induce an industrial boom in southern Indiana, it did produce cotton cloth for over 100 years.

Subjects
Stone Buildings
Cotton Mills
Textile Industry


Related Names
Tallman & Bucklin
Buchanan, George
James, Charles T.
McGregor, Alexander
Newcomb, Horatio Dalton
Smith, Hamilton


Collection
Historic American Engineering Record (Library of Congress)

Contents
Photograph caption(s): 
1. GENERAL DISTANT VIEW SHOWING CANNELTON COTTON MILL FROM OPPOSITE SHORE OF RIVER
2. TELEPHOTO VIEW SHOWING CANNELTON COTTON MILL FROM OPPOSITE SHORE OF RIVER
3. SOUTHWEST (FRONT) ELEVATION
4. SOUTHWEST (FRONT) ELEVATION FROM WEST
5. NORTHEAST (REAR) ELEVATION FROM THE EAST
6. VIEW OF SOUTHEAST END FROM EAST
7. PERSPECTIVE VIEW OF SOUTHEAST END FROM EAST
8. VIEW SHOWING TOWERS FROM SOUTHWEST
9. GROUND LEVEL VIEW OF SOUTHWEST ELEVATION FROM EAST
10. VIEW FROM GROUND LEVEL OF SOUTHWEST ELEVATION FROM EAST
11. TELEPHOTO VIEW OF WEST TOWER
12. TELEPHOTO VIEW OF TWIN TOWERS FROM SOUTHWEST
13. TELEPHOTO VIEW SHOWING TWIN TOWERS FROM SOUTHWEST
14. DETAIL,TELEPHOTO VIEW OF TWIN TOWERS FROM SOUTHWEST
15. DETAIL, TELEPHOTO VIEW OF TWIN TOWERS FROM SOUTHWEST
16. TELEPHOTO VIEW OF TWIN TOWERS FROM SOUTHWEST
17. VIEW SHOWING SECTION OF NORTHEAST (SANDSTONE) WALL FROM NORTHWEST AREA OF POWERHOUSE
18. TELEPHOTO VIEW OF FACADE BETWEEN TWIN TOWERS, NOTE IRON BALUSTRADE BARRIER IN DOORWAY
19. TELEPHOTO VIEW SHOWING FENESTRATION, SOUTHWEST FACADE, WEST END
20. GENERAL VIEW FROM NORTHWEST
21. GENERAL VIEW FROM NORTHEAST OVER CITY SNOWING CANNELTON MILL AND RIVER IN THE DISTANCE
22. VIEW SHOWING DATE STONE AND PORTAL
23. VIEW SHOWING SOUTHWEST SIDE OF TOWER BASE
24. DETAIL VIEW SHOWING STONE, SOUTHEAST END OF BUILDING
25. GENERAL VIEW OF THIRD FLOOR FROM THE WEST
26. VIEW OF THIRD FLOOR, SOUTHEAST END GENERAL
27. VIEW TO NORTH IN ATTIC
28. GENERAL VIEW IN ATTIC TO NORTHWEST
29. VIEW OF THIRD FLOOR, WESTERLY DIRECTION
30. VIEW SNOWING STAIRS AT THE SECOND LEVEL DETAIL
31. VIEW SHOWING WALL CONSTRUCTION, AREA OF TOWER STAIRS
32. INTERIOR VIEW OF FRONT WINDOW ON FOURTH FLOOR SOUTHWEST SIDE
33. ATTIC FLOOR CONSTRUCTION
34. PHOTOCOPY OF REAR OF ONE OF A PAIR OF STONE WAREHOUSES NORTHEAST OF THE MILL, FROM THE FILES OF MRS. ROBERT CUMMINS, CANNELTON, IND.
35. PHOTOCOPY OF BIRD'S-EYE VIEW FROM COLLECTION OF OTIS SAALMAN, TEL CITY, IND.
36. PHOTOCOPY OF UNDATED HISTORIC VIEW OF SQUARE AND ROUND CHIMNIES AND SOUTHWEST FACADE FROM SOUTHWEST, COURTESY OTIS SAALMAN, FROM THE CUMMINS COLLECTION (From unknown book).
37. PHOTOCOPY OF HISTORIC VIEW OF CANNELTON COTTON MILL SHOWING SOUTHWEST FACADE AND NORTHWEST END FROM WEST, FROM FILE OF MRS. ROBERT CUMMINS OF CANNELTON, IND.
38. PHOTOCOPY OF ARCHITECTURAL WASH DRAWING OF CANNELTON MILL 'designed by Tefft' COURTESY JOHN HAY LIBRARY, BROWN UNIVERSITY
39. PHOTOCOPY OF CA. MID-19TH CENTURY PORTRAIT TITLED ON BACK 'HAMILTON SMITH,' FROM COLLECTION OF OTIS SAALMAN, TELL CITY, IND.
40. PHOTOCOPY OF HISTORIC VIEW OF SOUTHWEST (FRONT) FACADE, FROM SOUTH, NO DATE, FROM FILES OF MRS. ROBERT CUMMINS, CANNELTON IND.
41. PHOTOCOPY OF HISTORIC SURVEY OF INDIANA COTTON MILLS, CANNELTON, INDIANA, SHOWING LOCATION OF ALL STRUCTURES IN THE CANNELTON MILL COMPLEX
42. PHOTOCOPY OF DOCUMENT ENTITLED 'SURVEY OF INDIANA COTTON MILLS, On Which Insurance Is To Be Predicated' FROM THE OFFICE OF CHARLES GERBER, GERBER OIL COMPANY, CANNELTON, IND.


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