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Union Elevated Railroad, Union Loop, Wells, Van Buren, Lake Streets & Wabash Avenue, Chicago, Cook County, IL



B&W Photos

HB439047
Wells And Lake Sts

HB439048
Randolf St

HB439049
Intersection Of Van Buren And Wells St

HB439050
East On Van Buren From Wells St.

HB439051
Van Buren Dearborn

HB439052
East On Van Buren

HB439053
Curve At Van Buren St

HB439054
Wabash Ave

HB439055
South On Wabash Ave

HB439056
Adams St

HB439057
South On Wabash From Adams St

HB439058
North On Wabash From Adams St

HB439059
North On Wabash From Adams St

HB439060
Curve At Wabash Ave

HB439061
View South On Wabash Of Dan Ryan Line Showing Curve From Harrison St

HB439062
View North On Wabash Showing Dan Ryan Line Feeder From Harrison St.

HB439063
Duplicate Of Il-t-1

HB439064
Duplicate Of Il-t-7

HB439065
Duplicate Of Il-t-16

HB439066
View To Northeast From North Of Madison/wells Street Platform At Ground Level

HB439067
View To East From Wells

HB439068
View To West From Wabash Avenue At Street Level

HB439069
View To South Southeast From South Side Of Randolph Down Wabash Avenue

HB439070
View To North From Madison Street Platform At Train Level

HB439071
View To Northeast From Southwest Corner Of Lake And Clark Streets

HB439072
View To South From Lake Street

HB439073
View To Northeast From Southwest

HB439074
View To Northeast At Ground Level

HB439075
View To West From Wabash

HB439076
View To North Northwest From East Side Of Wells And South Of Lake Street


Data Pages


Drawings


Photo Caption Pages


Item Title


Location
Lake Streets & Wabash Avenue, Chicago, IL

Find maps of Chicago, IL


Created/Published
Documentation compiled after 1968.

Notes
Survey number HAER IL-1
National Register Number: NR
Significance: Significant in the history of American industrial archaeology, the Union Elevated Railroad is also important for its association with financier and traction magnate, Charles T. Yerkes and for its role in defining and shaping Chicago's downtown. According to Theodore Anton Sande, author of Industrial Archeology: A New Look at the American Heritage, to "the industrial archeologist, the Chicago Loop provides an ideal case study" (1976, 113). Having made its first run in 1897, the Union Elevated Railroad is one of only a few extant examples of transit systems that have remained in continuous operation for nearly a century. A "massive web of riveted steel girders and shining tracks," the Loop Elevated was designed by John Alexander Low Waddell, a Canadian-born engineer who played an important role in the history of American bridge design. Chicago's earliest elevated line, the South Side Rapid Transit, began operating in 1892, in time to provide rapid transportation to huge crowds of visitors who came to the city for the World's Columbian Exposition. ... Historically, the Loop Elevated "defined the most prestigious locations for office buildings inside the steel girdle" (City of Chicago Sept. 1981, 3). An earlier system of surface streetcar lines encircled the city's central area, however, the prominent visual presence of the elevated helped Chicago's downtown earn its well-known popular nickname, the Loop. Today, the elevated tracking structure is still associated with the definition of the Loop for many Chicagoans.

Subjects
Civil Engineering
Railroad Industry
Elevated Railroads


Collection
Historic American Engineering Record (Library of Congress)

Contents
Photograph caption(s): 
1. Wells and Lake Sts. crossing. Tower 18 upper left. Wells Street Station Randolf bottom center.
2. Randolf St. Station from Wells and Lake Sis. crossing.
3. Intersection of Van Buren and Wells St. looking East on Van Buren.
4. East on Van Buren from Wells St.
5. Van Buren Dearborn. Entrance to Van Buren St. Station visible.
6. East on Van Buren. Track curves north (left) to Wabash and south (right) to the Dan Ryan Line.
7. Curve at Van Buren St. and Wabash Ave. looking north. Adams St. Sta. visible in background. Dan Ryan Line intersects from lower right.
8. Wabash Ave. North. View of Loop and Dan Ryan Line. Curve at Van Buren St. and Wabash Ave. at center. Dan Ryan line starts at center and runs south (toward bottom of picture). Photo by Jet Lowe.
9. South on Wabash Ave. from Adams St. Station showing curve from Van Buren St.
10. Adams St. Station looking South on Wabash.
11. South on Wabash from Adams St. Station.
12. North on Wabash from Adams St. Station. Stations Madison and Randolf St. visible in background.
13. North on Wabash from Adams St. Station.
14. Curve at Wabash Ave. and Lake St.
15. View South on Wabash of Dan Ryan Line showing curve from Harrison St. Photo by Jet Lowe.
16. View north on Wabash showing Dan Ryan Line feeder from Harrison St.
17. Duplicate of IL-T-1
18. Duplicate of IL-T-7
19. Duplicate of IL-T-16
20. VIEW TO NORTHEAST FROM NORTH OF MADISON/WELLS STREET PLATFORM AT GROUND LEVEL. 'TYPICAL' STRUCTURAL SECTION.
21. VIEW TO EAST FROM WELLS. LAKE STREET LINE.
22. VIEW TO WEST FROM WABASH AVENUE AT STREET LEVEL. VAN BUREN LINE.
23. VIEW TO SOUTH SOUTHEAST FROM SOUTH SIDE OF RANDOLPH DOWN WABASH AVENUE. 'TYPICAL' UNDERCARRIAGE SUPPORT SYSTEM OF WABASH LINE.
24. VIEW TO NORTH FROM MADISON STREET PLATFORM AT TRAIN LEVEL. INTERSECTION OF WELLS-LAKE LINES.
25. VIEW TO NORTHEAST FROM SOUTHWEST CORNER OF LAKE AND CLARK STREETS. STREET INTERSECTION TRUSSWORK.
26. VIEW TO SOUTH FROM LAKE STREET. LAKE-WABASH TURN AND WABASH LINE.
27. VIEW TO NORTHEAST FROM SOUTHWEST. WELLS-VAN BUREN TURN.
28. VIEW TO NORTHEAST AT GROUND LEVEL. STRUCTURAL MEMBERS OF WELLS-VAN BUREN TURN.
29. VIEW TO WEST FROM WABASH. LAKE STREET LINE.
30. VIEW TO NORTH NORTHWEST FROM EAST SIDE OF WELLS AND SOUTH OF LAKE STREET. WELLS-LAKE TURN.


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