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Auditorium Building, 430 South Michigan Avenue, Chicago, Cook County, IL



B&W Photos

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Data Pages


Item Title


Location
430 South Michigan Avenue, Chicago, IL

Find maps of Chicago, IL


Created/Published
Documentation compiled after 1933.

Notes
Survey number HABS IL-1007
Unprocessed field note material exists for this structure (129,164,N831; FN-129; FN-164; N831).
Building/structure dates: 1887 initial construction
Building/structure dates: 1941 subsequent work
Building/structure dates: 1950 subsequent work
Structure incorporated hydro-pnuematic sewage ejectors, hydraulic rams, moveable stages, "asphaelia" system, isacoustic curve, cyclorama, scagliola, & thunder machines.

National Register Number: 70000230
Significance: The Auditorium Building designed by Adler and Sullivan and built 1887-89, has been cited by the Commission of Chicago Architectural Landmarks: "In recognition of the community spirit which here joined commercial and artistic ends, uniting hotel, office building, and theatre in one structure; and the inventiveness of the engineer displayed from foundations to the perfect acoustics; and the genius of the architect which gave form and, with the aid of original ornament, expressed the spirit of festivity in rooms of great splendor."

Subjects
Political Conventions
"Mission 66" Program
Theatrical Productions


Related Names
Adler & Sullivan
Roosevelt College (University)
Auditorium Theater Council
Chicago Musical College
Taylor, Crombie & Associates
Skidmore, Owings & Merrill
Kasprzyk, Mark, Delineator
Schwartz, Leslie, Photographer


Collection
Historic American Buildings Survey (Library of Congress)

Contents
Photograph caption(s): 
1. EXTERIOR FROM SOUTHEAST, July 21, 1963
2. EXTERIOR DETAIL OF CONGRESS STREET, July 23, 1963
3. INTERIOR: THEATER DETAIL, August 5, 1963
4. INTERIOR: GANZ HALL CAPITAL, August 5, 1963
5. INTERIOR: GANZ HALL CAPITAL, August 5, 1963
6. INTERIOR: GANZ HALL CAPITAL, August 5, 1963
7. WESTERN HALF OF SOUTH (CONGRESS STREET) ELEVATION.
8. STEPPED FOUNDATION UNDER TOWER.
9. COLUMN IN NORTHEAST CORNER OF BASEMENT WITH LATER REINFORCING.
10. VAULTS UNDER MICHIGAN AVENUE SIDEWALK, ORIGINALLY THE BARBER SHOP.
11. ORIGINAL STAIRWAY TO HOTEL LOBBY FROM TUNNEL TO AUDITORIUM ANNEX.
12. LOCATION OF MAIN SUPPLY FAN FOR THEATER HVAC SYSTEM, LOOKING WEST.
13. FOUNDATION OF STEAM ENGINE WHICH DROVE MAIN SUPPLLY FAN FOR THEATER, LOOKING WEST.
14. MAIN SUPPLY PLENUM UNDER THEATER, ORCHESTRA PIT ON LEFT AND VERTICAL SUPPLY DUCT FOR SOUTH HALF OF THEATER IN CENTER.
15. ORIGINAL SHONE'S HYDRO-PNEUMATIC SEWAGE EJECTORS IN STAGE BASEMENT.
16. UNUSED WATER TANK IN BASEMENT.
17. SOUTH SIDE OF SOUTH BANK OF HYDRAULIC RAMS, LOWER LEVEL OF STAGE, LOOKING NORTHEAST.
18. NORTH BANK OF HYDRAULIC RAMS WITH CONTROL VALVES BEYOND, LOWER LEVEL OF STAGE, LOOKING NORTH.
19. DETAIL OF CONTROL VALVES, LOWER LEVEL OF STAGE, LOOKING NORTH.
20. NORTH BANK OF HYDRAULIC RAMS AND CONTROL VALVES, LOWER LEVEL OF STAGE, LOOKING EAST.
21. DETAIL OF PIPING FOR CONTROL VALVES AND REGULATORS, LOWER LEVEL OF STAGE, LOOKING SOUTHEAST.
22. DETAIL OF CONTROL VALVES AND REGULATORS, LOWER LEVEL OF STAGE, LOOKING SOUTH.
23. CONTROL LEVERS FOR HYDRAULIC RAMS, MIDDLE LEVEL OF STAGE, LOOKING EAST.
24. WESTERNMOST HYDRAULIC RAM IN NORTH BANK, LOWER LEVEL OF STAGE, LOOKING SOUTH. NOTE PIN CONNECTION BETWEEN STAGE FLOOR AND RAM.
25. DETAIL OF TIE ROD REINFORCING BELOW WESTERNMOST MOVABLE STAGE SECTION, LOWER LEVEL OF STAGE, LOOKING SOUTH. TAKEN FROM A POINT JUST SOUTH OF RAM IN IL-1007-24.
26. EASTERNMOST HYDRAULIC RAM IN CENTER RANK (STILL OPERABLE), LOWER LEVEL OF STAGE, LOOKING SOUTH. THE CENTER BANK OF RAMS MOVED SMALL SECTIONS OF STAGE IN THE CENTER OF EACH LARGE MOVABLE SECTION. THE WEST EDGE OF THIS SECTION HAS BEEN EXTENDED TO THE WEST EDGE OF THE LARGE SECTION WHICH ORIGINALLY SURROUNDED IT. THE SOUTH RAM FOR THE LARGE SECTION IS VISIBLE IN THE BACKGROUND. THE SMALL MOVABLE SECTIONS COULD NOT TILT BUT COULD BE LOWERED TO THE LOWER LEVEL OF THE STAGE WITH HINGED PANELS UNDER EACH LARGE SECTION FILLING THE VOID.
27. DETAIL OF JOINT BETWEEN MOVABLE AND FIXED STAGE SECTION.
28. DETAIL SHOWING HOW SECTIONS OF STAGE FLOOR COULD BE ROLLED ALONG BEAM FLANGES.
29. NORTH SIDE OF SOUTH BANK OF HYDRAULIC RAMS, MIDDLE LEVEL OF STAGE, LOOKING SOUTHEAST. RAMS HAVE BEEN FIXED IN POSITION AT STAGE LEVEL AND NEW MIDDLE LEVEL FLOOR CONSTRUCTED BELOW.
30. DETAIL OF TOP OF TYPICAL HYDRAULIC RAM IN SOUTH RANK SHOWING ROLLER CONNECTIONS FOR STAGE FLOORS, MIDDLE LEVEL OF STAGE, LOOKING SOUTH.
31. DETAIL OF TYPICAL HINGED EDGE AND SUPPORTS ON MOVABLE STAGE SECTION, MIDDLE LEVEL OF STAGE.
32. DETAIL OF BASE OF SIDE SUPPORT FOR MOVABLE STAGE SECTIONS RESTING ON I-BEAM FLANGES. PINS WHICH ENGAGED IN THE THE GROOVE OF THE SIDE SUPPORT LIMITED LATERAL MOVEMENT OF THE STAGE SECTIONS.
33. DETAIL OF TOP OF TYPICAL HYDRAULIC RAM SHOWING CHAIN WHICH LIMITS UPWARD MOVEMENT.
34. CONTROL LEVER AND PLATFORM FOR STAR LIFT WITH FIRE DOOR LEADING TO ORCHESTRA PIT, MIDDLE LEVEL OF STAGE.
35. HYDRAULIC RAM AND CONTROL VALVES FOR STAR LIFT, LOWER LEVEL OF STAGE.
36. HYDRAULIC RAM AND SHEAVES FOR OPERATING STAGE CURTAIN, LOWER LEVEL OF STAGE.
37. DETAIL OF RAM MECHANISM FOR STAGE CURTAIN, LOWER LEVEL OF STAGE.
38. BASEMENT WALL SHOWING TRANSITION FROM STONE FOUNDATION TO BRICK BEARING WALL.
39. SOUTH WALL OF STAGE HOUSE.
40. SOUTHWEST CORNER OF STAGE SHOWING RIGGING FOR FLYING SETS, LOCATION OF ORIGINAL DOORS IN PROSCENIUM WALL, AND COUNTERWEIGHTS FOR STAGE CURTAIN.
41. ELECTRICAL AND CURTAIN CONTROLS IN NORTH WEST CORNER OF STAGE.
42. SOUTH SIDE OF FIRST CATWALK IN STAGE HOUSE, LOOKING EAST.
43. PAINT RACK ALONG EAST WALL OF STAGE HOUSE, FIRST CATWALK.
44. THUNDER MACHINE ON SOUTH WALL OF STAGE HOUSE, SECOND CATWALK.
45. RIGGING FOR SETS AND UNDERSIDE OF STAGE HOUSE TRUSSES FROM SECOND CATWALK, LOOKING SOUTH.
46. LOWER CHORDS OF STAGE HOUSE TRUSSES TAKEN FROM LADDER TO FLYLOFT, LOOKING NORTH.
47. DETAIL OF INCLINED END POST AT NORTH END OF TRUSS R, FLYLOFT, LOOKING WEST. NOTE TERRA COTTA FIREPROOFING AND LATER REINFORCEMENT.
48. NORTH END OF TRUSS Q, RIGGING FOR SETS, AND IRON STRAP FLOOR OF FLYLOFT.
49. FLYLOFT, SHOWING RIGGING FOR SETS, IRON STRAP FLOOR, AND CURTAIN WALL OVER PROSCENIUM, LOOKING SOUTH.
50. SOUTHWEST CORNER OF FLYLOFT SHOWING PULLEYS FOR RIGGING SETS AND STAGE CURTAIN.
51. TRUSS A AND PROSCENIUM WALL IN TREATER ATTIC, LOOKING NORTHEAST. NOTE TERRA COTTA FIREPROOFING OF ROOF DECK; HEAVY PLASTER CEILING PROVIDED FIRE SEPARATION FROM THEATER BELOW.
52. LOOKING NORTHWEST FROM BETWEEN TRUSSES B AND C OF THEATER ATTIC. NOTE CURVE OF ELLIPTICAL CEILING BELOW, AIR SUPPLY DUCTS, AND LATERAL BRACING ADDED BETWEEN TRUSSES.
53. DETAIL OF SOUTH END OF TRUSS E, SOUTH BEARING WALL OF THEATER, AND COVE CEILING OF THEATER SKYLIGHT, THEATER ATTIC.
54. LOOKING WEST FROM BETWEEN TRUSSES C AND D TOWARD SPANDREL WALL SUSPENDED FROM TRUSS E, THEATER ATTIC. NORTH BEARING WALL OF THEATER ON RIGHT.
55. AIR SUPPLY DUCT FOR SOUTH HALF OF THEATER, THEATER ATTIC.
56. AIR SUPPLY DUCT FOR NORTH HALF OF THEATER, THEATER ATTIC.
57. AIR SUPPLY DUCT FEEDING DIFFUSERS IN EXTRADOS OF ELLIPTICAL CEILING ARCH OF THEATER, THEATER ATTIC, LOOKING NORTH.
58. AIR SUPPLY DUCTS FOR SOUTH HALF OF UPPER GALLERY, THEATER ATTIC BETWEEN TRUSSES H AND J, LOOKING SOUTH.
59. WINCHES FOR OPERATING CLOSABLE COVE CEILING OF UPPER GALLERY, THEATER ATTIC BETWEEEN TRUSSES H AND J, LOOKING NORTH.
60. WINCH FOR OPERATING CLOSABLE COVE CEILING OF UPPER GALLERY, THEATER ATTIC.
61. WEST WALL OF BANQUET HALL FROM SOUTHWEST.
62. WEST WALL OF BANQUET HALL FROM NORTHWEST.
63. DETAIL OF LATERAL BRACING BETWEEN WALL OF ORIGINAL THEATER SKYLIGHT AND BANQUET HALL, LOOKING NORTH.
64. DETAIL OF EAST WALL OF BANQUET HALL AND LATERAL BRACING TO STAGE HOUSE WALL, LOOKING NORTHWEST.
65. TRANSVERSE TRUSSES AND AIR SUPPLY DUCTS UNDER FLOOR OF BANQUET HALL, LOOKING SOUTHWEST. NOTE SLOPE OF THEATER ROOF BELOW.
66. DETAIL OF TYPICAL TRANSVERSE TRUSS CONNECTION TO TRUSS U, UNDER BANQUET HALL FLOOR, LOOKING SOUTHWEST.
67. DETAIL OF TYPICAL TRANSVERSE TRUSS CONNECTION TO TRUSS T, UNDER BANQUET HALL FLOOR, LOOKING NORTH.
68. DETAIL OF RETURN AIR DUCT, TRANSVERSE TRUSS 9 CONNECTION TO TRUSS T, AND ORIGINAL CORRUGATED METAL SHEATHING, UNDER BANQUET HALL FLOOR, LOOKING EAST.
69. DETAIL OF TRANSVERSE TRUSS 9 CONNECTION TO TRUSS T AND ORIGINAL CORRUGATED METAL SHEATHING, UNDER BANQUET HALL FLOOR, LOOKING NORTH.
70. DETAIL OF RETURN AIR DUCTS AND RETURN PLENUM, UNDER BANQUET HALL FLOOR, LOOKING EAST.
71. DETAIL OF ORIGINAL HEATING COILS, UNDER BANQUET HALL FLOOR, LOOKING NORTHWEST.
72. ORIGINAL BUFFALO FORGE COMPANY NO. 50 BLOWER FAN, UNDER BANQUET HALL FLOOR, LOOKING EAST.
73. CARPET HOIST, UNDER BANQUET HALL FLOOR, LOOKING NORTHWEST.
74. DETAIL OF FURNITURE TRAP, UNDER BANQUET HALL FLOOR, LOOKING NORTHWEST.
75. Photocopy of photograph #9853. AUDITORIUM FROM MICHGAN AVENUE.
76. Photocopy of photograph #9898. TICKET LOBBY.
77. Photocopy of photograph #9899. DOOR FROM LOBBY TO ARCADE.
78. Photocopy of photograph #9865. FOYER LOOKING FROM LADIES' WAITING ROOM.
79. Photocopy of photograph #9876. AUDITORIUM INTERIOR TOWARD STAGE AND ELECTRIC LIGHTS.
80. Photocopy of photograph #9888. INTERIOR OF AUDITORIUM SHOWING SOUTH SIDE BOXES, ETC.
81. Photocopy of photograph #9859. ARCADE FROM LOBBY ENTRANCE.
82. Photocopy of photograph #9861. STAIRS FROM ARCADE TO FOYER.
83. Photocopy of photograph #9865. FOYER - GENERAL VIEW LOOKING NORTH.
84. Photocopy of photograph #9929. AUDITORIUM - BASEMENT SHOWING HYDRAULIC RAMS FOR ELEVATING STAGE.
85. Photocopy of photograph #9864. ARCHES, COLUMNS AND FOYERS.
86. Photocopy of photograph #9869. ENGLENOOK FROM FOYER.
87. Photocopy of photograph #9874. FOYER DETAIL - NORTH STAIRS.
88. Photocopy of photograph #9909. LADIES' WAITING ROOM.
89. Photocopy of photograph #9876. AUDITORIUM INTERIOR FROM BALCONY.
90. Photocopy of photograph #9882. AUDITORIUM - ROW OF NORTH BOXES AND ORGAN LOFT.
91. Photocopy of photograph #9889. AUDITORIUM - SHOWING SEATING CAPACITY.
92. Photocopy of photograph #9931. AUDITORIUM - SECTION OF STAGE ELEVATED BY HYDRAULIC POWER.
93. Photocopy of photograph #9891. AUDITORIUM - SEATING CAPACITY FROM STAGE.
94. Photocopy of photograph #9927. AUDITORIUM - TOWARDS STAGE SHOWING SET SCENE.
95. Photocopy of photograph #9930. BASEMENT - HYDRAULIC MACHINERY FOR ELEVATING STAGE.
96. Photocopy of photograph #9928. AUDITORIUM HOTEL OFFICE - LOOKING TOWARD READING ROOM, SHOWING COLUMNS.
97. Photocopy of photograph #10078. AUDITORIUM HOTEL - GRAND STAIRS FROM CAFE.
98. Photocopy of photograph #9827. AUDITORIUM HOTEL - SHOWING ARCHES AND ONYX.
99. Photocopy of photograph #9826. AUDITORIUM HOTEL - DETAIL, GRAND STAIRS.
100. Photocopy of photograph #9920. AUDITORIUM HOTEL - GRAND PARLOR, LOOKING NORTH.
101. Photocopy of photograph #9836. AUDITORIUM LOGGIA - TOWARD LAKE.
102. Photocopy of photograph #9823. AUDITORIUM HOTEL - LOOKING TOWARD ELEVATOR ENTRANCES, SHOWING CARVING AND DECORATIONS.
103. Photocopy of photograph #9386. AUDITORIUM HOTEL - DINING HALL FROM SOUTH.
104. Photocopy of photograph #9802. AUDITORIUM HOTEL - DETAIL, VIEW SHOWING DECORATIONS, PAINTINGS, ETC.
105. Photocopy of photograph #9805. AUDITORIUM HOTEL - DINING ROOM, VIEW SHOWING COLUMNS.
106. Photocopy of photograph #9843. AUDITORIUM HOTEL EXCHANGE.
107. Photocopy of photograph #9828. AUDITORIUM HOTEL TONSORIAL PARLORS.


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