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Pearl%2525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252BHarbor

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U.S. Naval Base, Pearl Harbor, Splinterproof Air Raid Shelters, Various locations throughout base, Pearl Harbor, Honolulu County, HI



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Item Title


Location
Various locations throughout base, Pearl%2525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252BHarbor, HI

Find maps of Pearl%2525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252BHarbor, HI


Created/Published
Documentation compiled after 1933.

Notes
Survey number HABS HI-390
Building/structure dates: 1941 initial construction
National Register Number: 66000940
Significance: The erection of protective buildings was a direct response to the December 7, 1941 attack, and Pacific coast military installations are the only known locations of these categories of construction. Further air raids by the Japanese were expected and facilities, termed splinterproof, were built to protect personnel from bullets, bomb fragments or other material from explosions. There were four categories of air raid shelters constructed during WWII period at Pearl Harbor. They are distinctive building types; of the three shelter categories that remain, all are windowless and built of concrete, or of concrete plus concrete masonry units, at least 10' thick. The most common were the arched-section shelters, since they were the most easily erected from pre-cast concrete modules. Shelters in this category were typically placed at ground level, although excavations could be made to place them partially or entirely below grade. Cast-in-place, rectangular-section, underground structures comprise another category of splinterproof shelter. Buildings in these two categories were typically intended solely as personnel shelters in the event of an air raid. Casualty stations were the third category of splinterproof shelter, built above ground, with a number of variations in type. Typically these casualty stations are cross-shaped buildings in plan, but at least one of them was built inside an arched shelter (Facility 4, Bishop Point). The fourth category of air raid shelters encompassed the temporary types, usually constructed partially or entirely with sandbags. No temporary shelter is extant. Only a few examples in the other three splinterproof shelter categories remain at Pearl Harbor. The splinterproof basement of the eastern wing of Facility 1 in the Shipyard is also discussed in this report, although it was designed before the Japanese attack.

Subjects
Storage Facilities
Storage
Air Raid Shelters


Collection
Historic American Buildings Survey (Library of Congress)

Contents
Photograph caption(s): 
Photocopy of photograph (Source: National Park Service, U.S.S. Arizona Memorial, from 14th Naval District Photograph Collection, PHOG No. P.H. 4464-45)Official USN Photo, 1945.REMOVAL OF SPLINTERPROOF SHELTER (FORMER FACILITY S 1122), LOCATED BETWEEN FACILITIES 1 AND 3 IN NAVAL SHIPYARD.


Back to Pearl%2525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252BHarbor, Hawaii