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Lihue

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Grove Farm, G. N. Wilcox House, Nawiliwili Road (State Route 58), Lihue, Kauai County, HI



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Data Pages


Drawings


Photo Caption Pages


Item Title


Location
Nawiliwili Road (State Route 58), Lihue, HI

Find maps of Lihue, HI


Created/Published
Documentation compiled after 1933.

Notes
Survey number HABS HI-56
Unprocessed field note material exists for this structure (FN-26).
Significance: Grove Farm, founded by George N. Wilcox in 1864, was one of 86 sugar plantations known to have operated in the Hawaiian Islands. Wilcox cultivated and harvested sugarcane and raised beef cattle, gradually expanding his sugar crop from 80 acres to more than 1,000 acres with a growing workforce of several hundred Hawaiians, Chinese, Koreans, Germans, Japanese, Portuguese, and Filipino laborers. As the plantation expanded he built and furnished the group of structures which faced a large yard enclosed by stone walls: the plantation office, sleeping quarters, a guest cottage, a more spacious addition to the main house, and a camp for plantation workers. The homestead was the heart of day-to-day plantation operations until the early 1930's. The one-story portion of the G.N. Wilcox family home was constructed in the 1850's for one of the founders of the adjacent Lihue Plantation. Its hipped roof, building materials, and lanais express an architectural marriage of traditional Hawaiian house forms and western building tradition. The two-story Colonial Revival portion added by Wilcox in 1915 was designed by noted Honolulu architect Clinton B. Ripley.

Collection
Historic American Buildings Survey (Library of Congress)

Contents
Photograph caption(s): 
1. VIEW FROM SOUTHWEST
2. VIEW FROM SOUTHEAST
3. SHOWING JOINING OF ORIGINAL BUILDING AND 'NEWER' ADDITION FROM SOUTHWEST
4. VIEW FROM EAST
5. VIEW OF LANAI FROM SOUTH END
6. LANAI AND ORIGINAL STRUCTURE, LOOKING SOUTHEAST
7. PORT COCHERE NORTH END OF LANAI, LOOKING SOUTHWEST
8. FRONT ENTRY, PORT COCHERE, LOOKING EAST
9. LIVING ROOM, HIP ROOF BUILDING, LOOKING SOUTH THROUGH DINING, DRAWING ROOM
10. LIVING ROOM TOWARD ENTRY FOYER, LOOKING NORTHWEST
11. WESTSIDE OF LIVING ROOM, LOOKING SOUTH TOWARD LANAI
12. LIVING ROOM FROM FOYER, LOOKING SOUTHEAST AT EAST SIDE OF LIVING ROOM
13. LIVING ROOM FROM FOYER (NORTH END), LOOKING SOUTHWEST AT WEST SIDE OF LIVING ROOM
14. WILCOX'S OFFICE, LOOKING NORTHWEST FROM DOOR TO LIVING ROOM
15. LIBRARY LOOKING NORTH TOWARD DRAWING ROOM (NOTE: THREE ENTRIES TO LIBRARY FROM OUTSIDE; LEFT, RIGHT, AND BEHIND PHOTOGRAPHER)
16. DINING ROOM, LOOKING SOUTHEAST, DOOR IN CENTER GOES TO LANAI AND COOK HOUSE
17. LIBRARY, LOOKING SOUTHWEST
18. DOWNSTAIRS BEDROOM FROM SUNROOM NORTHEAST CORNER OF HOUSE, LOOKING WEST
19. OFFICE, FROM HALL TO FOYER, LOOKING EAST (NOW USED AS MUSEUM CURATOR'S OFFICE)
20. CHINA STORAGE IN COOK HOUSE, KITCHEN BEYOND, LOOKING SOUTHEAST
21. KITCHEN IN COOK HOUSE (ON EAST SIDE OF MAIN HOUSE), LOOKING EAST
22. KITCHEN, LOOKING EAST, WITH COOK (SHE'S BEEN THERE FOR 45 YEARS)
23. STAIRS TO SECOND FLOOR, FRONT DOOR AND PORT COCHERE BEYOND, LOOKING NORTH
24. LANDING TO UPPER HALL, LOOKING SOUTHEAST
25. UPPER HALL WITH STAIRCASE BEYOND, LOOKING NORTH FROM ROOF DECK
26. LOWER LEVEL CLOSET, EAST SIDE OF FOYER BETWEEN STAIRS AND HALL TO OFFICE ON EAST SIDE, LOOKING NORTHEAST
27. DRAWING ROOM, LIBRARY ON LEFT, LOOKING SOUTHWEST
28. BEDROOM, SECOND FLOOR, NORTHEAST CORNER
29. BEDROOM, LOWER LEVEL, LOOKING NORTHEAST
30. BATHROOM, LOWER LEVEL, WESTSIDE OF FOYER, LOOKING NORTH
31. SEWING ROOM, SECOND FLOOR, SOUTHWEST CORNER
32. UPSTAIRS BEDROOM, SOUTHEAST CORNER, LOOKING NORTHEAST, ROOF OF LAUNDRY HOUSE CAN BE SEEN OUT WINDOW
33. BEDROOM, UPSTAIRS, NORTHWEST CORNER LOOKING SOUTHWEST


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