Haraguchi Rice Mill, Hanalei River, Hanalei, Kauai County, HI
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Hanalei River, Hanalei, HI
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Documentation compiled after 1968.
Survey number HAER HI-3
Unprocessed field note material exists for this structure (FN-2).
Significance: The Haraguchi Rice Mill is one of the last remnants of rice farming on the island of Kauai. Rice cultivation by Chinese and Japanese farmers was an important element of the Hawaiian economy from the 1860's through the first quarter of the twentieth century. Kahyohei and Motono Haraguchi, Japanese immigrants, purchased the lease rights to this property with its water-powered rice mill in 1924. The Haraguchis lost the mill to a fire in 1929, one year after replacing the water wheel with a more efficient diesel engine. The family rebuilt immediately, using a loan from the Lihue Plantation. Hawaiian rice production began to wane in the 1930's for a variety of reasons, including competition from the mainland growers. The Haraguchi Rice Mill, the last fully-operating mill in the Hanalei Valley, ceased operation in 1960. Flattened by Hurricane Iwa in 1982, the mill was again reconstructed and today illustrates historic rice milling technology.
Historic American Engineering Record (Library of Congress)
1. HANALET VALLEY
2. RICE MILL
3. BLOWER ROOM
5. WAREHOUSE, WEIGHING, CONVEYOR TO MILLING ROOM
6. DIESEL ENGINE. DRIVES BELT FOR HULLERS, BLOWER AND CONVEYORS
7. OVERVIEW OF MILL SHOWING (FROM LEFT TO RIGHT) POLISHER AND TWO HULLERS
8. FIRST HULLING MACHINE, CONVEYOR BELT ON LEFT, DRIVE BELT ON RIGHT
9. RICE POLISHER
11. OVERVIEW SHOWING DIESEL (RIGHT), HULLER (CENTER), AND GRADER & BAGGING (LEFT)
12. GRADING AND BAGGING
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