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Ewa

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Ewa Plantation Company Industrial Center, Honouliuli Plain, near intersection of Renton Road, Ewa, Honolulu County, HI



See 3 maps of this location


B&W Photos

HB400189

HB400190

HB400191

HB400192

HB400193

HB400194

HB400195


Item Title
BWPhotos 209403

Location
near intersection of Renton Road, Ewa, HI

Find maps of Ewa, HI


Created/Published
Documentation compiled after 1933.

Notes
Survey number HABS HI-384
Building/structure dates: 1889 initial construction
Building/structure dates: 1956 subsequent work
Building/structure dates: 1985 subsequent work
Building/structure dates: 1990 subsequent work
Significance: Sugar plantations had a pivotal role in Hawaii's history. They were the main economic engines that fueled Hawaii's change from subsistence agriculture to a commodity-based system. Sugar plantations "were the ruling force behind Hawaii's economy for over 110 years." They altered the landscapes with large areas of sugar cane plantings, and by the construction of the mills to process this crop and of the villages to house the workers. The importation of labor for sugar plantations is the main reason for the multi-ethnic make-up of Hawaii's current population. Ewa Plantation Company's significance was due to its large size, long period of operation, high number of intact structures, and role as a model plantation in terms of living conditions and benefits to workers. The contrast with the plantations in the southern United States, which evolved from a history of slavery, was emphasized because "of the notable strides Ewa Plantation made towards fair and just treatment of its workers." The Industrial Center of the Ewa Plantation Company grew around the nucleus of the sugar mill building. Today, even though the mill building is gone, the complex is often called the Ewa Sugar Mill. The industrial and scientific emphasis of sugar plantations is a critical aspect of their history. This emphasis is exemplified in the mill and related buildings, but it also is seen in the crop and labor management practices. The strict accounting practices and ideal of self-sufficiency in plantation management led to the construction of simple, economical buildings. The history of the buildings in the mill area is complex. The term and the plan for the "Industrial Center" date from 1938. Before that, the arrangement of industrial structures around the mill was decided on a building-by-building basis.

Subjects
Sugar Industry
Industrial Facilities
Sugar Plantations


Related Names
Dillingham, Benjamin Franklin
Campbell, James
Laurie, W. J.
Renton, George
Renton, George
Bond, J. D.
Franzen, David, Photographer
Zagorski, Mike, Delineator
Yoklavich, Ann, Historian


Collection
Historic American Buildings Survey (Library of Congress)

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